Jim Bridger

Jim Bridger A trail guide, a fur tracker and hunter and a fur trader. Jim
Bridger may have been one of the best outdoorsmen of all times. James
Bridger was born on March 17, 1804. In 1812 Jim\'s parents moved to the
vicinity of St. Louis. He was orphaned at age 12 and became a blacksmiths
apprentice. In 1822, attracted by an ad in the Missouri Republican, 18
year old Jim, joined Gen. William H. Ashley\'s fur tracking expedition to
the head waters of Missouri. In 1824 while searching for fur in the Rockey
Mountains, Jim, allegedly became the first person to see the Great Salt
Lake. Later on, he and a friend were one of the first white men to see the
place which became Yellow Stone Park. During the next 20 years Jim trapped
in the west as a partner in fur companies.

In 1843 when fur sales declined he set up a fort in southwest Wyoming as a
way station to supply immigrants on the Oregon trail. In the next 40 years
he married 3 times to American Indian women, none of whom survived with
him. Bridger\'s vast knowledge of many trails gave him a job as a scout and
he helped the army when fighting the Indians. Bridger strongly opposed the
Mormons and guided United State troops into Utah during a conflict that has
been called the Utah war or Mormon war. In 1865 he guided the powder river
expedition. And also became the first person to measure the bozeman trail
(600 miles) from fort laramie, Wyoming to Virginia City, Montana.

James Bridger was just about the most famous explorer of the American West.
In honor of his travels, The Bridger Mountains, Bridger pass and Bridger
National Forest are among the places named for him. And on July 17, 1881
James Bridgers life came to an end, just near Kansas City.

Category: Biographies