Jessica Walker
April 5th 2016
Fitness Assessment
Lab Report 3 / Muscular Fitness

Muscular fitness is well accepted as an important part of good physical function (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 76). This Lab Report is over Muscular Fitness, which includes estimated one repetition maximum , the push up test , curl up test and the YMCA bench press test. Many of these tests like the push up test and the curl up test measure muscular endurance which is the ability of a muscle group to execute repeated contractions over a time period sufficient to cause muscular fatigue or to maintain a specific percentage of maximum voluntary contraction for a prolonged time (cheatham , 2013 ). The importance of a fitness assessment is not only to help develop an appropriate, individualized exercise training program, but sometimes also includes screening for risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases. (Percia, Davis &Dwyer, 20). Many different fitness assessments can be modified to help any client perform them but the accuracy of the test may be threatened.
The first muscular fitness test would be the push up test. The push up test measures muscular endurance by calculating the maximum repetition of push ups (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 89). For the males is started in the down position with the hands pointing forward underneath the shoulders, with the back straight. For women this test is started in the modified position with legs together , lower leg in contact with mat , back straight, hands shoulder width apart and using the knees as a pivotal point. The subject must raise the body straightening the elbows and return down to the mat where the chin, not the stomach, will touch the mat. The maximal amount of push-ups performed consecutively without stopping is counted as the score. (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 89). The advantages of the push up test would be that it is easy and quick to perform, usually requiring minimal or inexpensive equipment and many subjects can be tested at once. The disadvantages of this test would be that the participants might not be performing the push-ups correctly therefore the test could not be very accurate. (Wood, 2001).
The next muscular fitness test would-be the curl-up ( crunch) Test procedure which measures the measurement of muscular endurance. The testee individual begins in a supine position on a mat with knees at a 90-degree angle. The arms of the individual are to their sides with middle fingers touching the first piece of masking tape. The individual must then raise their body and make their fingers touch the next piece of masking tape while keeping their feet on the ground and staying in time with the metronome at 50 beats per minute. (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 89). The advantages of this test would be that it is convenient , does not require very much equipment and it can be conducted almost anywhere. The disadvantages of this test would be that it is sometimes difficult to determine if a correct sit up is performed, and there may be dispute about the total number. When using the tempo method, the instructor should have clear guidelines of when they terminate the test ( Wood, 2001).
Another muscular fitness test would be the YMCA submaximal bench press test. The test requires a 35 lb. bar for women and 45lb bar with weight added to make 80lbs for men. The client should start at the supine position on the bench seat with their feet on the floor (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 86). The test should also start in a downward position with the bar touching the client's chest. There should also be a spotter to hand the barbell to the testee. A metronome must be set at 60 beats per minute while the client performs by lifting the bar to full extension with one beat then lowering the bar to the chest at the next beat. This lifting cadence will produce 30 repetitions per minute (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 86). This test continues until the client is unable to reach full extension of elbows or cannot complete any more repitions on time with the cadence. (Kaminsky, 2014, pg. 86) The advantages of this test would be that the required equipment which s a bench-press