Jay McInerney\'s Bright Lights, Big City: You are the Coma Baby


The novel Bright Lights, Big City by Jay McInerney relates the tale of a
young man working for a prominent newspaper in Manhattan by day, while visiting
many bars and nightclubs during the night. He manages to accomplish this
through the help of his use of cocaine, to which he is powerfully addicted.
Throughout the novel McInerney employs the use of the Coma Baby, a current story
in the New York Post, a local tabloid, as a symbolic representation of the main
character. The Coma Baby has been residing in its mother\'s womb after the
mother suffered a car accident and entered a coma. The debate is to whether the
Coma Baby will see the "light of the delivery room". In this passage the main
character is experiencing a dream where he interacts with the Coma Baby in his
workplace. This passage, through the words and phrases employed by McInerney as
both dialogue and narration, is strong support for the concept that like the
Coma Baby, the main character wants to avoid facing the harsh realities of life
and continue living isolated in his world of narcotic-induced pleasure. The
author uses the interaction of the main character and the Coma Baby as proof
that the main character will not realize the fallacies of his ways until he has
hit rock-bottom.
The Coma Baby is shown to be the symbolic representation of the main
character through his actions and philosophy toward life, a philosophy wholly
irresponsible and unmotivated. As the main character approaches he asks the
Baby if he\'s going to come out. The Baby responds with "No way José. I like it
in here. Everything I need is pumped in."(line 11) This remark illustrates the
main character\'s attitude toward life. With the condition that the Baby gets
what he needs, he has no motivation to improve his situation. This parallels
with the main character, who , provided he has his cocaine, does little to
improve his situation. For example, he continually shows up late to work, and
then after completely botching a project is fired from his job. The drugs have
completely stolen his motivation towards life. After this, when the main
character tries to reason with the Coma Baby about improving his situation, the
Coma Baby plays a deaf-and -dumb routine(line14), highly symbolic of the main
character\'s actions toward those that have been trying to help him. For example,
the main character continues to avoid Clara Tillinghast, his boss, in her
attempts to bring him to work on time. Suggestions from Wade and Megan about
his lifestyle fall on the main character\'s deaf ears. The main character\'s
attitude toward Clara is shown in the passage when the doctor knocks at the door
on line 16 and her voice is that of Clara\'s saying:"Open up. It\'s the doctor."
To this the Baby responds with "They\'ll never take me alive", a clear
representation of the avoidance and rebelliousness the main character
demonstrates toward Clara.
The use of certain language references related to the main character work
to further the notion that the Coma Baby is representative of the main character.
At the opening of the passage, the main character enters the "Department of
Factual Verification" with the plaque of "L\'Enfant Coma" written upon the door.
Inside, two of his colleagues, Elaine and Amanda, are doing lines of cocaine
upon a desk while swearing in French. Near the end of the passage the main
character answers the phone with "Allô?", the French way of greeting. The usage
of the French language associates this entire dream setting with the main
character and his premise of French knowledge. In line 11, the Coma Baby uses
the phrase "No way Jose", a phrase used by the main character throughout the
novel. The usage of these work to show the reader that the Coma Baby dream
scene is representative of the main character in the novel.
Through the dream scene related by this passage, the Coma Baby is shown to
be symbolic of the main character in the novel. The author\'s purpose in doing
so is to show the fallacy of the main character\'s situation:that he will not
realize how he is destroying his life until he has hit rock bottom. Throughout
the passage the main character tries to convince the baby to improve its life,
yet the Baby remains stubborn as does the main character in his own life. As
the main character does not realize he is represented by the Coma Baby, he