James Joyce

English III
Kim Nash
May 28, 1996

James Joyce, an Irish novelist and poet, grew up near Dublin. James
Joyce is one of the most influential novelists of the 20th century. In each of
his prose works he used symbols to experience what he called an "epiphany",
the revelation of certain revealing qualities about himself. His early writings
reveal individual moods and characters and the plight of Ireland and the Irish
artist in the 1900\'s. Later works, reveal a man in all his complexity as an
artist and in family aspects. Joyce is known for his style of writing called
"stream of consciousness". Using this technique, he ignored ordinary sentence
structure and attempted to reproduce the rambling\'s of the human mind. Many of
his works were influenced by his life in Ireland as an artist. He was
influenced by three main factors in his life, his childhood and parents, his
homeland of Dublin, Ireland, and the Roman Catholic Church. These three
aspects show up in all his works subtly, but specifically in, The Dead, A
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, and Araby.
James Joyce, was born February 2, 1882 in Dublin, Ireland. He was the
first of fifteen kids born to Mary Jane Murray, and John Stanslaus Joyce. He
was christened James Augustine Aloysius Joyce. His mother was a mild woman who
had intelligent opinions but didn\'t express them. His father was a violent,
quick tempered man who was a medical student and politician. He was educated
in Dublin at Jesuit school\'s his whole life. In 1888, he went to Clongeswood
College, but his father lost his job and James had to withdraw. He graduated in
October of 1902, from Royal University. He was fascinated by the sounds of
words and by the rhythms of speech since he first started school. He was
trained by the Jesuits who at one time hoped he would join their order; but
Joyce became estranged from the Jesuits and defected from the Catholic Church
after graduating college. Joyce made a huge effort to free himself from all
aspects of the past such as, family, religion, and country. He left Ireland in
1902 after graduating college. He spent the rest of his life in either Trieste,
Zurich, or Paris. During this time he was very poor. He spent much of his
working career as a language instructor. He was said to have known 17
languages. He also spent time as a bank clerk, while trying to find time to
write. He started to have eye problems in 1907, and by the end of his life he
was almost blind. After Ulysses in 1922, he was left a lot of money from an
Englishwoman, and then spent his time working on his writing full time. This
book A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1916, was an autobiographical
novel about his youth and his home life. The main character\'s name in this is
Stephen Dedalus. It shows a clear cut , advocary of an artists right to defy
inhibiting forces like, family, church and nation. When Stephen, was in the
university he talks about hi dislike for his classmates who just bend their
heads and write in their notebooks, "the points they were bidden to note,
nominal definitions, essential definitions and examples or dates of birth or
death, chief works, a favorable and unfavorable criticism side by side," Joyce\'s
views of Irish education weren\'t very good. Stephen in this book scorns his
family, and his fathers attributes. He thinks that he has failed in his effort
to unite his will and the will of God, to love God the way he feels is expected.
He feels this because he will not serve God. He wants to live his life his way.
He talks about how he knew he couldn\'t be accepted, "it wounded him to think
that he would never be but a shy guest at the feast of the world\'s culture and
that the monkish learning, in terms of which he was striving to forge out an
esthetic philosophy, was held no higher by the age he lived than the subtle and
curious jargons of heraldry and falconry." He feels that he has been taught
nothing, he must seek out and learn on his own. Joyce feels very dedicated to
himself as a literary artist and dedication to God and family is next to
nothing. He says this through Stephen, "Welcome, O life! I go to encounter for
the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my
soul the uncreated