Islamic Religion

Todays Muslims are branded as terrorists
or fudamentalist. But their religion is a gentle religion. On
the Arabian Penninsula, home of the Arabs, was isolated
and they were able to develop their civilization without
outside influences. It is about 1 million miles square, that is
located between the Red sea and the Persian Gulf. There
are two distinctive regions. The first has well-watered
valleys between mountains and the second is arid plains
and desert. Grass grows quickly during the showes of the
rainy season. In ancient times the Arabs were bedouin
(nomads that hersed sheep, goats, and camels. and lived in
tents made made of felt from camel or goat hair.) They ate
fresh or dried dates and drank milk from their herds. On
special occasions they ate mutlon. their tribes were made of
related families. They valued family ties becuase because
they ensured they ensured protection and survival. They
had a chief (sheikh). The sheikh ruled as long as the tribe
allowed him. They had a counsil of elders. There was
warfare over waterholes and pastures. Their way of
punishment is an eye for sn eye and a tooth for a tooth. To
improve warrior skills they had camel and horse. They had
story telling in frount of the campfire. They had poetry
about battles, desert, camels, horses, and love. In 500
A.D. they started a town called Makkah, which was fifty
miles inland of the Red sea. Trade was mostly of animal
producys for weopeans dates grains, spices, jewels ivory,
silk, and perfumes. They had caravans travel there from as
for china. Arabs had and worshipped many ditied business
ties were replaceing family ties, and old tribal laws were not
adequat Byzantine and the Persin armies were threatining to
conquer them. The tribes had the some language but they
had no central goverment, or sense of unity, The Arabs
searched for new beliefs. The prohet of Islam was
muhammad. He was born in Makkah in 570 A. D. . He
was orphaned at an early age and was adopted by his
uncle. He worked as a carovan leader on a trade route. He
was know to be honest and able. His employer khadij\'a ,a
weakthy window if age 40, put him in charge of this
business and proposed marriage to him. He went to a cave
outside the city in 610 A.D. to pray and fast reveloution
(vision) there. He was told to recite. "Recite in the name of
your lord, the creator who created man from clots of
blood. Rwcite! Your lord os the most bountiful one who by
the pen has taught mankind things they didn\'t know.\'\' His
second vision to rise and worn people. In 613 A.D. he
preached to his family and friends that there was one god.
And all that belived in him are equal.The rich shared with
poor lots of the converts were poor. The rich merchants
and the religious leaders did not like,Mushamad and the
Muslims were persecuated. After some theats on his life in
632 A.D. he sent 60 families to Yathrib.And then follewes
them in secret(Known then as the Hjrah immirgration). 622
A.D. os know on the Musslim calandar as the frist year.
Muhamad became the rules of Yathris then it was called
Medinch al-Neb orMadinah \'\'the city of the priphet.\'\'The
Madinch Compact of 624 A.D. was the foundation of
Islanie state. Muhamad was the Judge and commander in
chief. Quxan was their bible of Ialam. They extended
proection, to Jews and christiand who accepted Islams
political authoriyt. Makkems invaded Yathrib,and the
Muslims fought in self defense.The Makkans were
defeated. And the Muslims won support of the Arab
groups outside of Madinsh. They later invaded Makkah
and hod little resistance.They accepted Islamic Religion and
Muhammad. Islanic Religion and Muhammed. They
destroyed idols, and turned the shrine of prohet Abraham
into a place of worship. Makkah was the spiritual capital
and Mdinth into the political capital. In 631 A.D. the
Arabian Peninsula was supported by an army representing
each of the Arab tribes. Muhammad later died at Madinah
in 632 A.D. Beliefs The Quran was the divine messages
from God over a peroid of 22 years. It was written down
or memorized that was compiled into a written
collection(Quran). is the final matters of faith and lifestyles.
It was written in Arabic. It is stories, teachings, and
exhorations of what is written in the Bible. Values Basic
Moral values in the Quran are similar to Christanity and
Judasim.Murder, lying, stesling and adultury are
condemened.Honor parents, protect wideous and orphans,
show kindness to neighoors and give maney to the poor.
They weren\'t allowed to eat pork. drink alchol; gambaling.
They have rules for marriage, disorce, family life businss
prastices, and property inheritences. Law is not