These days Intranets are becoming more and more popular throughout the business
world and other types of organizations. Many companies and organizations are
already making this change and many more are considering it. The advantages
offered by Intranets when compared to other types of networks are many, at a
reduced cost for the owner. Less maintenance, less programming and more
flexibility on the network platform make this change interesting. Unlike other
types of networks, Intranets allow different types of machines and operating
systems already at hand to be operating on the same network platform. This
reduces the cost when trying to implement this type of network because the
machines and operating systems already at hand can still be used throughout the
network without conflicting with one another. Quick access and easy programming
is also another consideration that is made when considering this type of network.

Intranets have just started to be implemented throughout the world and already a
big change is being noticed. Companies are keeping track of all of their
important information on web sites, which are restricted to users, unless they
have the security code to access them. Thanks to Internet technology, companies
and other types of organizations are able to keep all of their information
organized and easily accessible with a click of a button.

The Internet, how has it changed the world around us? Government, education,
business is all wrapping around it. Is this because of all of the information
on it, simplicity or is it the quickness, with a simple point and click and the
information appears on the screen.

The first intention of the Web, as it is referred to, was not to create a sea of
web servers and surfers. The Department of Defense created it for it\'s own use,
to keep contact with all of the locations throughout the world, making it easier
for them to retrieve and send information when desired. As businesses,
government and education discover the advantages of the Internet and web
technologies they are starting to implement it for internal use. This is better
known as an Intranet, which represents a new model for internal information
management, distribution and collaborative computing and offers a simplistic but
powerful implementation of client/server computing.

Intranets are private Web-based networks, usually within corporation firewalls,
that connect employees and business partners to vital corporate information.
Thousands of organizations are finding that Intranets can help empower their
employees through more timely and less costly information flow. They let
companies speed information and software to employees and business partners.
Intranets provide users with capabilities like looking up information, sending
and receiving e-mail, and searching directories. They make it easy to find any
piece of information or resources located on the network. Users can execute a
single query that results in an organized list of all matching information
across all servers throughout the enterprise and onto the Internet.

As recent as two years ago, Intranets didn\'t exist. Now the market for internal
web-servers is rapidly increasing. Intranet technology is beginning to be used
all over the world. Intranets present the information in the same way to every
computer. By doing this they are doing what computer and software makers have
been promising but never actually delivered. Computers, software, and databases
are pulled together into a single system that enables users to find information
wherever it resides. Intranets are only logically "internal" to an organization
but physically they can span the globe, as long as access is limited to a
defined community of interests.

Countless organizations are beginning to build Intranets, bringing Internet and
Web technologies to bear on internal organizational problems traditionally
addressed by proprietary data base groupware and workflow solutions. Two-thirds
of all large companies either have an internal web server installed of they are
considering installing one.

The organizations to use Internet technologies on the corporate network
generally move traditional paper-based information distribution on-line. Other
types of information that might be put on-line would be the following:
competitive sales information
human resources/employee benefits statements
technical support/help desk applications
company newsletters
project management

These companies typically provide a corporate home page as a way for employees
to find their way around the corporate Intranet site. This page may have links
to internal financial information, marketing, manufacturing, human resources and
even non-business announcements. It may also have links to outside sites such
as client home pages or other sites of interests.
Both the Internet and Intranets, center around TCP/IP (Transmission
Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) applications. These applications are used
for the transport of information for both wide area and local area. Enterprise
networks nowadays are a mixture of