This essay Interviews with Past Presidents has a total of 1249 words and 6 pages.
Interviews with Past Presidents
November 21, 1998
Good morning, I\'m Jarod Vitorino, and welcome to our ABC special, Remembering Our Past. This morning we will be remembering the time of the progressive movement.
At the turn of the century, many areas needed reform. The progressive movement was an early 20th century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities and to correct injustices in American life. The progressive movement took place between the years of 1890-1920, with the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. Let us take a closer look at each president.
We will start with Theodore Roosevelt. He took office when William McKinley was assassinated in 1901. Roosevelt\'s first challenge in presidency was the coal strike in 1902. One hundred forty thousand coal miners in Pennsylvania went on strike. They demanded a 20 percent raise, 9- hour days, and the write to organize a union. Roosevelt called both sides to the White House to talk, five months into the strike. They finally agreed to a wage increase and shorter days.
Another problem Roosevelt faced was trustbusting. By 1900, trusts controlled about four-fifths of the industries in the U.S. Many trusts lowered their prices to put other businesses out of business. Once they succeeded with that, they raised their prices. Roosevelt filed 44 antitrust suits and won many of them. Because of this, it broke up many of the trusts. Today in the U.S., we have laws that protect us from anything like this happening again. Now we will move on to William H. Taft.
William H. Taft was the 27th president of the United States. He became president after Roosevelt and lasted four years. Taft busted 90 trusts in 4 years, as did Roosevelt 44 trusts in seven and a half years. Although Taft was not known for trustbusting. Taft also signed the Payne- Aldrich Tariff, which was a set of tax regulations enacted by congress in 1909 that failed to significantly reduce tariffs on manufactured goods. Taft thought this was the best bill the Republican Party ever passed. At this point, he had many people angry with him. He made it worse when he appointed Richard A. Ballinger, a lawyer in Seattle, as Secretary of the Interior. Ballinger removed one million acres of forest and mining lands from a reserved list and approved it to be sold. When it came time for the election, Roosevelt decided to run for a third term. He and his supporters formed the Progressive Party, which supported Roosevelt\'s candidacy for the election in 1912.
Roosevelt, Taft, Woodrow Wilson, and Eugene V. Debs ran for presidency in the election of 1912. With Roosevelt and Taft name-calling, Wilson stayed above the political feud. We will return after a brief word from our sponsor.
Welcome back, now lets take a look at Woodrow Wilson. During his administration, congress enacted two important antitrust measures, the Federal Trade Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act. They Clayton Antitrust Act was a law enacted in 1914 that made certain monopolistic business practices illegal and protected the rights of labor unions and farm organizations. During this time, strikes, peaceful picketing, Boycotts, and the collection of strike benefits became illegal. This is still true today in the U.S. Wilson created a new tax system by the use of the bully pulpit. I would say that all three presidents were very successful.
Now lets take a look at women suffrage. There were many organizations to help women spread the word about suffrage, such as the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government and the College Equal Suffrage League. They would speak to crowds, go door to door, and do whatever they possibly could to spread the word. They would also travel from state to state to win the vote of people. They even went so far as to picket around the White House. Finally, in 1919, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote. Another major issue of this time was child labor, which I will take you through.
It was nearly a century ago when our children were working behind big machines such as the ones shown here. Children needed to work to keep their families out of poverty. Sometimes
Topics Related to Interviews with Past Presidents
Presidency of Woodrow Wilson, Freemen of the City of London, Sons of the American Revolution, United States Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Progressive Party, Woodrow Wilson, United States presidential election, Richard Achilles Ballinger, Prohibition in the United States, Womans Christian Temperance Union
Essays Related to Interviews with Past Presidents
Wilson, WoodrowWilson, WoodrowWoodrowWilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas WoodrowWilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a Presbyterian min
Biography Of Franklin Delano RooseveltBiography Of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Biography of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Roosevelt was born at his family’s estate at Hyde Park, in Dutchess County, New York on January 30,1882. He was the only child of James Roosevelt and Sara Delano Roosevelt. James Roosevelt was a moderately successful businessman, with a variety of investments and a special interest in coal. He was also a conservative Democrat who was interested in politics. His home overlooking the Hudson River was comfortable without
Woodrow WilsonWoodrowWilsonWilson, WoodrowWoodrowWilson, 28th president of the United States (1913-21), secured a legislative program of progressive domestic reform, guided his country during WORLD WAR I, and sought a peace settlement based on high moral principles, to be guaranteed by the LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Early Life and Career Thomas WoodrowWilson was born in Staunton, Va., on Dec. 28, 1856. He was profoundly influenced by a devoutly religious household headed by his father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, a P
Woodrow Wilson and His Ability To be an EffectiveWoodrowWilson and His Ability To be an Effective President During WoodrowWilson\'s two terms in office he showed to be a great democratic leader in many areas. He managed to accomplish a lot, despite his poor health that he had to deal with since his childhood. Wilson always had a strong interest in government and was always looking for changes and improvements. As president he was never afraid to show a bit of a radical side when it came to making changes. He was constantly pushing for world
Woodrow WilsonWoodrowWilsonWoodrowWilson and His Ability To be an Effective President During WoodrowWilson\'s two terms in office he showed to be a great democratic leader in many areas. He managed to accomplish a lot, despite his poor health that he had to deal with since his childhood. Wilson always had a strong interest in government and was always looking for changes and improvements. As president he was never afraid to show a bit of a radical side when it came to making changes. He was constantly pus
Woodrow Wilson and The PresidencyWoodrowWilson and The Presidency From the beginning of the 1912 election, the people could sense the new ideas of WoodrowWilson would move them in the right direction. Wilson\'s idea of New Freedom would almost guarantee his presidential victory in 1912. In contrast to Wilson\'s New Freedom, Roosevelt\'s New Nationalism called for the continued consolidation of trusts and labor unions, paralleled by the growth of powerful regulatory agencies. Roosevelt\'s ideas were founded in the Herbert Crol
Clinton Sex ScandelClinton Sex Scandel The Clinton Sex ScandalRare is a person that crosses the path of the White House without some emotionof envy or awe. This building epitomizes world leadership and unprecedentedpower. This renowned leadership may be the only association made by certaincountries, while in the United States many see an other significance:Watergate, Whitewater, Kennedy\'s brutal and mysterious assassination, andtoday, Clinton\'s zippergate scandal. When the President of the United Statestakes oat
Federal Reserve ActFederal Reserve Act The Federal Reserve: A Knight in Shining Armor To suffer either the solicitation of merchants or the wishes of government, to determine the measure of the bank issues, is unquestionably to adopt a very false principle of conduct. -Henry Thornton, 1802 The banker was frantic. A large mob was gathering outside his bank and the people were clamoring for their money. The banker called the Federal Reserve Bank in Minneapolis and warned that unless this mad run were stopped, he wou
Important Presidential ElectionsImportant Presidential Elections 1812 The election of 1812 consisted of a battle between James Madison, and De Witt Clinton. Madison had represented both Democratic and Republican beliefs, while Clinton was a Federalist. James Madison was born in Port Conway, Va., on March 16, 1751. A Princeton graduate, he joined the struggle for independence on his return to Virginia in 1771. He had been an active politician in the 1770\'s and 1780\'s. He was greatly know for championing the Jefferson reform p
The Progressive EraThe Progressive Era The Progressive Era was a period that showed the goals and contradictions found in American society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Theodore Roosevelt summed up the Progressive/Reform feeling in his Square Deal speech - that it was all about morals, not economics. His goal was the moral regeneration of the business world. He preached that it was wrong for some people to get ahead in business and politics by tricks and schemes, while others were cheated out
Woodrow WilsonWoodrowWilson The name of the person I read about is WoodrowWilson,but when he was young people called him Tommy.When Tommy was only a year old his father [Dr.Wilson]moved his family and him from Virginia to Augusta,Georgia.He moved in 1857.Tommy\'s father became pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Augusta,Georgia. Woodrow came from a strict,caring household.Dr.Wilson liked to take Woodrow places like cotton mills,iron and steel foundries,and other local industries.He did that to teach
Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt was a social activist, United States representative to the United Nations, and wife of 32nd U.S. president Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Eleanor Roosevelt had an active public career before and during her marriage and continued to maintain this after her husband’s death. Unlike any prior first lady, she held regular news conferences, wrote a daily newspaper column, represented the president and nation on foreign and domestic trips, and spoke out on a broad range
Hoover, HerbertHoover, Herbert hoo\'-vur} Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st president of the United States. During his first year in office the Wall Street crash of 1929 occurred. He was blamed for the resulting collapse of the economy, and his unpopular policies brought an end to a brilliant career in public office. After the inauguration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, however, Hoover remained a leading critic of the New Deal and a spokesman for the Republican party. Early Life Born on Aug. 10, 1874, t
William H. TaftWilliam H. Taft William H. Taft was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on September 15, 1857. His father, Alphonso Taft, was a lawyer who later served as secretary of war and as attorney general in President Ulysses S. Grant’s cabinet and then as ambassador to Austria-Hungary and Russia. Alphonso Taft’s wife, the former Louise Torrey, wrote of her son William a few weeks after he was born: “ He is very large of his age and grows fat everyday.” The words were prophetic, for Taft as an adult weighed three h
Questioning Where Thomas Jefferson’s Immortality LQuestioning Where Thomas Jefferson’s Immortality Lies History Writing Assignment John F. Kennedy once described a White House reception for Nobel laureates as the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever gathered together at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone. Thomas Jefferson was a man noted not only for his great intelligence, but also as a man who believed in the rights of the people to govern themselves. As one
The Election of 1812The Election of 1812 Important presidential elections Some of the most important presidential elections 1812 The election of 1812 consisted of a battle between James Madison, and De Witt Clinton. Madison had represented both Democratic and Republican beliefs, while Clinton was a Federalist. James Madison was born in Port Conway, Va., on March 16, 1751. A Princeton graduate, he joined the struggle for independence on his return to Virginia in 1771. He had been an active politician in the 1770\'s
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Roosevelt, Theodore (1858-1919), 26th president of the United States (1901-09), the first president to exploit the public dimensions of his office in an age of mass communications, a reform leader at home and a skilled diplomat abroad. In his lifetime Roosevelt became a personal model, particularly for the country\'s youth, in a way that no public figure has matched. He was one of the most popular presidents in American history. The son of a wealthy, socially prominent merchan
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt was more than just the 26th president of the United States. He was a writer, historian, explorer, big-game hunter, soldier, conservationist, ranchman and Nobel Peace Prize winner. It is not surprising that his philosophy of life was known as The Strenuous Life. Theodore was born into a wealthy and socially prominent New York family in 1858. Although blessed with a quick mind he was not blessed with a strong body. He suffered from life-threatening asthma atta
Interviews with Past PresidentsInterviews with Past Presidents Jarod Vitorino November 21, 1998 Block 1 Good morning, I\'m Jarod Vitorino, and welcome to our ABC special, Remembering Our Past. This morning we will be remembering the time of the progressive movement. At the turn of the century, many areas needed reform. The progressive movement was an early 20th century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities and to correct injustices in American life. The pr
Development of the United States of AmericaDevelopment of the United States of America Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a vast nation that arose from a scattering of British colonial outposts in the New World. The first humans to inhabit the North American continent were migrants from northeast Asia who established settlements in North America as early as 8000 BC and possibly much earlier (see NORTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY). By about AD 1500 the native peoples of the areas north of the Rio Gr
Thomas Riley MarshallThomas Riley Marshall Thomas Riley Marshall was born in North Ranchester, Indiana on March 14, 1854. He graduated from Wabash College in 1873 where he studied law. Afterwards he was admitted to the Indiana bar in 1875, practicing his profession in Columbia City. His father was a physician. He was also a popular public speaker and active in local Democratic politics. Marshall was a small town lawyer when he received the nomination for governor in 1908, a compromise darkhorse candidate. His politi
Franklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt, thirty-second President of the United Sates, greatly expanded the role of the federal government with a wide-ranging economic and social program, the New Deal, designed to counter the Great Depression of the 1930s. He also led the nation through most of its participation in the global struggle of World War II. Roosevelt attended a high-class high school and later graduated from Harvard in 1903. He quickly gained recognition by his leadership of upstat
American PresidentsAmerican Presidents A renegade shot President William McKinley to death when he was shaking hands with the locals in Buffalo New York on September 6, 1901. Leon Czolgsz was the assassin. Sam Ireland was a bodyguard at the time and Leon caught hi eye but before he could go in to action it was too late. Dissipate the efforts of the surgeons McKinley died of his wounds eight (8) days later. After McKinley’s death Roosevelt advocated managing natural resources and supervising big business. Even thou
THEODORE ROOSEVELTTHEODORE ROOSEVELT Theodore Roosevelt Twenty-Sixth President 1901-1909 Theodore Roosevelt was the second of four children. He was born in New York City on October 27, 1858 of Dutch, Welsh, Scottish, Irish, French and German heritage. Partially due to poor health, he suffered from Asthma and bad vision, he was educated by tutors until he entered Harvard College, where he received his B.A. degree in 1880. At Harvard he also achieved membership in Phi Beta Kappa. To gain strength, he taught himself
Franklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt ˙Franklin D. Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York on January 30, 1882, the son of James Roosevelt and Sara Delano Roosevelt. His parents and private tutors provided him with almost all his formative education. President Roosevelt\'s boyhood home is a popular related attraction at the Hyde Park historic site. The house, on a 188-acre estate, contains an office which the President referred to as his Summer White House. From this room he broadcast the last speech of his
League of NationsLeague of Nations “A living thing is born” (Foley 149). With these words, United States President WoodrowWilson presented the first draft of the Covenant to the nations attending the Paris Conference of 1919 and to those around the world. This Covenant was to establish an international organization that would promote peace and security throughout the world and provide a forum through which the different interests of nations could be peacefully resolved. President Wilson named this living thing
Foreign PolicyForeign Policy With the world balancing on the edge of destruction, foreign relationships are extremely important to the United States of America. The United States is fully recognized as the most powerful nation on the planet earth, and with that power comes a definitive sense of responsibility. The U.S. needs to pay close attention to this responsibility if it hopes to keep its place on the throne as king of the nations. This is where the United States foreign policy comes into play. Foreign p
Woodrow WilsonWoodrowWilson Thomas WoodrowWilson, twenty-eighth president of the United States, might have suffered from dyslexia. He never could read easily, but developed a strong power of concentration and a near-photographic memory. The outbreak of World War I coincided with the death of Wilson\'s first wife Ellen Axson, who he was passionately devoted to. Seven months after her death his friends introduced him to Edith Bolling Galt, a descendant of the Indian princess Pocahontas, they were married nine