Instructional Supervision Training Process


Running head: Instructional Supervision Training Process


Instructional Supervision Training Process


Clinical Supervision Case Study


EDAD 5073-410


July 29, 2004


Table of Contents


Clinical Supervision Case Study 3


Pre-Observation Conference 3


Classroom Observation 5


Analysis of Data


Post-observation Conference


Reflection


Recommendations


Summary Reaction 13


References 14


Book Review of Covey’s Seven Habits


Essential Points within the Book


In the book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey, several paradigms, principles, and habits are explained and examined that give the reader insight into ways to adapt and modify their thinking patterns into ones that are more effective and efficient. What Covey is talking about is a lifestyle thinking change. Covey also says the basic principles to which all human beings have innately are: fairness, integrity honesty, human dignity, quality, excellence, potential and growth, patience, nurturance, and encouragement. These principles are the guidelines for human conduct and have enduring power. (Covey, P. 35) Covey suggests that the more closely our individual maps or principles are aligned with these natural laws, the more functional they will be. Some people have incorrect internal thinking maps and this book is designed to relate to those individuals a new perspective in order to correct their internal maps to one that is more effective in their personal and interpersonal attitudes and behaviors. Covey discusses seven habits in order to achieve this purpose. The first three habits deal with self-mastery to move a person from a dependence framework to a more independent one which are called “private victories” (Covey, p. 51). Habits 4, 5, and 6 deal with “public victories” or ones that deal with teamwork, cooperation, and communication. The last habit deals with renewal which is a balance of the four basic dimensions of life and encompasses all of the other habits. It is the habit of continuous improvement that creates an upward growth pattern of effectiveness. (Covey, p. 52)


Paradigms and Principles


Covey discusses several habits that he feels makes a highly effective person. These seven habits are closely construed with several of the fundamental principles of human effectiveness. Even though the habits are basic, they are also primary and represent the correct and proper principles of which happiness and success are based on. (Covey, p.23) In order to understand how to implement Covey’s seven habits into a daily lifestyle with meaning, one must first understand the meaning of a paradigm shift. The meaning of a paradigm is seen in a multitude of ways; however, Covey’s primary meaning is “the way we see the world in terms of perceiving, understanding, and interpreting” (Covey, 1989, p. 23). Covey puts it into very clear terms, “the more aware we are of our basic paradigms or assumptions, and the extent to which we have been influenced by our experience, the more we can take responsibility for those paradigms, examine them, test them against reality, listen to others and be open to their perceptions, thereby getting a larger picture and a far more objective view” (Covey, p. 29). Covey states that the basis on paradigm shifting is what he calls the “Aha!” experience. This is when someone finally gets the point that is trying to be made as when a teacher explains a concept several times and then the light goes on in her students’ heads. Covey says the more a person is bound by their initial perception, the more profound the “Aha!” experience. (Covey, p. 29) Whether a paradigm shift is in the positive or negative direction they are still monumental because they are changing and instant ways of seeing the world, attitudes, and behaviors in a different way. Furthermore, Covey suggests that these paradigm shifts are ultimately the sources of relationships with others. (Covey, p. 30)


Inside-Out. Inside-Out is the new way of thinking that Covey exemplifies in his book. It is a principle centered and character based backwards approach to personal and interpersonal effectiveness. The term inside-out means to start first with the self or start with the most inside part of your self-your character, motives, and paradigms. Inside-out is a “continuous process of renewal based on the natural laws that govern human growth and progress” (Covey, p. 43). It is also an “upward spiral of growth that leads to progressively higher forms of responsible independence and effective interdependence” (Covey, p. 43). Covey says that the inside out process is