Immigration


The United States is a nation of immigrants and the earliest people were the Native Americans who came from Asia. The rest of the people left Europe, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, South and Central America, the islands of the Pacific, and the Middle East coming more towards the 18th century. The United States has witnessed the transformation from an American Indian population to a rich display of ethnicities and races. Due to high migration, the minority population is comprised of nearly as many Hispanics as Blacks, a rising number of Asians, and a small but growing American Indian population. America’s ethnic landscape also includes a fast growing Arab population, a considerable Jewish population and other ethic groups: African Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders and Hispanics.


The reason for immigration to the United States in the period from the 18th century is quite clear. Land remained plentiful, and fairly cheap. Jobs were easy to find; labor was scarce and relatively sweet. A decline in the birthrate, as well as increases in industry and urbanization, reinforced this situation. The United States, in the 19th century, remained a strong magnet to immigrants, with offers of jobs and land for farms. Glowing reports from earlier arrivals who found success reinforced the nation that in America, the streets were ‘‘paved with gold’’, and there existed religious and political freedom. America was hyped up in many countries as ‘‘land of opportunity.’’ (www.bergen.org)


The nation’s changing study of populations statistics profile had important and social implications. Immigration is still transforming the U.S. Asian and Hispanic populations. Hispanics from Guatemala, El Salvador, Ecuador and other Central and South American countries have created communities alongside well- established Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban communities. The Asian population was predominately Japanese, Filipino and Chinese just two decades ago but at the century’s end, Asian Americans with roots in India, Vietnam, or Korea outnumbers Japanese American.


Each year, ‘‘70,000 foreigners arrive in the United States.’’ (Martin, Philip. Immigration to the U.S.) These include business travelers, tourist, and foreign workers. Each Year, approximately ‘2,200 arrivals are immigrations or refugees who have been invited to become permanent residents of the U.S. Also, there are about 5,000 foreigners who make unauthorized entries. Almost one million foreigners come to the U.S. each year, which is about 30% of the population growth. This immigrant population is profoundly changing the racial and ethic make up of schools, workplaces and neighborhoods called ghettos.


There are the advantages and disadvantages to this immigration. There is no right or wrong to immigration. Immigration is beneficial to the country. However, it can also be bad for the U.S. economy.


American cities have long been celebrated as ‘‘melting pots’’ of diversity


between ethic and racial groups. They are the entry point of most immigrants, who have a significant impact on the tourism industry, relationships with other countries and college enrollments, which consist of spending lots of foreign currency in the U.S. that is beneficial to the U.S. economy. There were nearly 6 million immigrants entering the U.S.


in the 1990’s.


Many immigrants who enter the U.S are people with uncommon ability:


scientists, diplomats, ambassadors and professors. These professional people are usually with advanced degrees and are therefore very skilled. Moreover, when these immigrants with extraordinary abilities live and work in the U.S, they tend to have visitors who spend lots of money in the country, whether it is for business, leisure or diplomatic reasons; this is indeed very good for the U.S economy. Not only that, foreign ambassadors and diplomats further the relationship between their country and the U.S. This could open doors for a lot of good political and economical issues.


Foreign students also contribute a significant amount to the U.S economy


especially those doing a full four-year bachelor, a three-year PHD or doctorate degree. In general, the majority of foreign students are from wealthy backgrounds. Even before coming to the United States, they are required to present a bank statement to the U.S government in their home country to show that they are able to support themselves for their full degrees of all four or three years without having employment while in the U.S. The amounts these foreign students have to present are usually ‘‘a good six figures in U.S dollars.’’(Simcox, David. The cost of