Immigration & Americas Future


By Mark S. Minott
DeVry, Telecommunications

The world has gone through a revolution and it has changed a lot. We
have cut the death rates around the world with modern medicine and new farming
methods. For example, we sprayed to destroy mosquitoes in Sri Lanka in the
1950s. In one year, the average life of everyone in Sri Lanka was extended by
eight years because the number of people dying from malaria suddenly declined.
This was a great human achievement. But we cut the death rate without
cutting the birth rate. Now population is soaring. There were about one
billion people living in the world when the Statue of Liberty was built. There
are 4.5 billion today. World population is growing at an enormous rate. The
world is going to add a billion people in the next eleven years, that\'s 224,000
every day! Experts say there will be at least 1.65 billion more people living
in the world in the next twenty years.
We must understand what these numbers mean for the U.S. Let\'s look at
the question of jobs. The International Labor organization projects a twenty-
year increase of 600 to 700 million people who will be seeking jobs.
Eighty-eight percent of the world\'s population growth takes place in the
Third World. More than a billion people today are paid about 150 dollars a year,
which is less than the average American earns in a week. And growing numbers of
these poorly paid Third World citizens want to come to the United States.
In the 1970s, all other countries that accept immigrants started
controlling the number of people they would allow into their countries. The
United States did not. This means that the huge numbers of immigrants who are
turned down elsewhere will turn to the United States.
The number of immigrants is staggering. The human suffering they
represent is a nightmare.
Latin America\'s population is now 390 million people. It will be 800
million in the year 2025. Mexico\'s population has tripled since the Second
World War. One third of the population of Mexico is under ten years of age, as
a result, in just ten years, Mexico\'s unemployment rate will increase 30 percent,
as these children become young adults, in search of work. There were in 1990 an
estimated four million illegal aliens in the United States, and about 55 percent
of them were from Mexico.
These people look to the United States. Human population has always
moved, like waves, to fresh lands. But for the first time in human history,
there are no fresh lands, no new continents. We will have to think and decide
with great care what our policy should be toward immigration. At this point in
history, American immigration policies are in a mess.
Our borders are totally out of control. Our border patrol arrests 3000
illegal immigrants per day, or 1.2 million per year, and Two illegal immigrants
get in for every one caught. And those caught just try again!
More than 1 million people are entering the U.S. legally every year.
From 1983 through 1992, 8.7 million of these newcomers arrived -- the highest
number in any 10-year period since 1910. A record 1.8 million were granted
permanent residence in 1991. Because present law stresses family unification,
these arrivals can bring over their spouses, sons and daughters: some 3.5
million are now in line to come in. Once here, they can bring in their direct
relatives. As a result, there exists no visible limit to the number of legal
entries.
Until a few years ago, immigrants seeking asylum were rare. In 1975, a
total of 200 applications were received in the U.S. Suddenly, asylum is the
plea of choice in the U.S., and around the world, often as a cover for economic
migration. U.S. applications were up to 103,000 last year, and the backlog tops
300,000 cases. Under the present asylum rules, practically anyone who declares
that he or she is fleeing political oppression has a good chance to enter the
U.S. Chinese are almost always admitted, for example, if they claim that China\'s
birth-control policies have limited the number of children they can have.
Right now, once aliens enter the U.S., it is almost impossible to deport
them, even if they have no valid documents. Thousands of those who enter
illegally request asylum only if they are caught. The review process can take 10
years or more, and applicants often simply disappear while it is under way.
Asylum cases are piling up faster than they