Immigration & Americas Future

The world has gone through a revolution and it has changed a lot. We
have cut the death rates around the world with modern medicine and new
farming methods. For example, we sprayed to destroy mosquitoes in Sri
Lanka in the 1950s. In one year, the average life of everyone in Sri
Lanka was extended by eight years because the number of people dying
from malaria suddenly declined.
This was a great human achievement. But we cut the death rate without
cutting the birth rate. Now population is soaring. There were about
one billion people living in the world when the Statue of Liberty was
built. There are 4.5 billion today. World population is growing at an
enormous rate. The world is going to add a billion people in the next
eleven years, that’s 224,000 every day! Experts say there will be at
least 1.65 billion more people living in the world in the next twenty
years.
We must understand what these numbers mean for the U.S. Let’s look at
the question of jobs. The International Labor organization projects a
twenty-year increase of 600 to 700 million people who will be seeking
jobs.
Eighty-eight percent of the world’s population growth takes place in the
Third World. More than a billion people today are paid about 150
dollars a year, which is less than the average American earns in a
week. And growing numbers of these poorly paid Third World citizens
want to come to the United States.
In the 1970s, all other countries that accept immigrants started
controlling the number of people they would allow into their countries.
The United States did not. This means that the huge numbers of
immigrants who are turned down elsewhere will turn to the United States.
The number of immigrants is staggering. The human suffering they
represent is a nightmare.
Latin America’s population is now 390 million people. It will be 800
million in the year 2025. Mexico’s population has tripled since the
Second World War. One third of the population of Mexico is under ten
years of age, as a result, in just ten years, Mexico’s unemployment rate
will increase 30 percent, as these children become young adults, in
search of work. There were in 1990 an estimated four million illegal
aliens in the United States, and about 55 percent of them were from
Mexico.
These people look to the United States. Human population has always
moved, like waves, to fresh lands. But for the first time in human
history, there are no fresh lands, no new continents. We will have to
think and decide with great care what our policy should be toward
immigration. At this point in history, American immigration policies
are in a mess.
Our borders are totally out of control. Our border patrol arrests 3000
illegal immigrants per day, or 1.2 million per year, and Two illegal
immigrants get in for every one caught. And those caught just try
again!
More than 1 million people are entering the U.S. legally every year.
>From 1983 through 1992, 8.7 million of these newcomers arrived -- the
highest number in any 10-year period since 1910. A record 1.8 million
were granted permanent residence in 1991. Because present law stresses
family unification, these arrivals can bring over their spouses, sons
and daughters: some 3.5 million are now in line to come in. Once here,
they can bring in their direct relatives. As a result, there exists no
visible limit to the number of legal entries.
Until a few years ago, immigrants seeking asylum were rare. In 1975, a
total of 200 applications were received in the U.S. Suddenly, asylum is
the plea of choice in the U.S., and around the world, often as a cover
for economic migration. U.S. applications were up to 103,000 last year,
and the backlog tops 300,000 cases. Under the present asylum rules,
practically anyone who declares that he or she is fleeing political
oppression has a good chance to enter the U.S. Chinese are almost always
admitted, for example, if they claim that China’s birth-control policies
have limited the number of children they can have.
Right now, once aliens enter the U.S., it is almost impossible to deport
them, even if they have no valid documents. Thousands of those who enter
illegally request asylum only if they are caught. The review process can
take 10 years or more, and applicants often simply disappear while it is
under way. Asylum cases are piling up faster than they can be cleared,
with the Immigration and Naturalization Service falling farther behind
every year. At her confirmation hearings at the end of September, Doris
Meissner, Clinton’s nominee