How Did The Nazis Change Their Tactics Between 1924 And 1929?


As a result of the Putsch Trial, the Nazi Party were banned for a short while. This did not stop them entering the Reichstag elections for the first time. They won 32 seats, a respectable amount for the time. However, seven months later they won just 14 seats. What went wrong for them and how did Hitler reorganise their tactics to make them more effective in elections?


Winning Over The Working Classes:


Throughout the 1920’s it was found that their anti-Jewish messages had the most appeal among the working class. This sparked off many public meetings and an increase in anti-semitic propaganda.


Mein Kampf:


Hitler’s book, published in 1925, became a bestseller due to his national fame.


The book included many uses of propaganda, either praising the Nazi Party (Hitler) or bad-mouthing the Jews (and other races).


The 1928 Election:


Throughout this change in tactics, the Nazi Party steadily increased its membership, reaching around 110,000 by 1928. However, despite this rapid increase, the 1928 election proved to be even more disastrous then the previous one with just 12 seats gained in the Reichstag. Nazi opposed parties gained many more seats.


Winning Over The Middle Classes:


After the 1928 election it was clear that Hitler needed to concentrate on getting the support he needed from places that attracted the most Nazi members. These included the middle-classes and farmers. So he began to focus on the messages that would appeal most to them.


Public Meetings:


The Nazis ran evening classes for their members to train them in public-speaking skills. They were the only party to do so, and so could be portrayed as having an advantage over others. This training meant that local Nazi activists could have an influence over a particular village/area, changing their policies and propaganda to best suit the audience. Due to this, Nazi membership ‘boomed’ between 1927 and 1928, resulting in the largest increase so far.


Overall Hitler changed the Nazi’s into an organised group who were undoubtedly intelligent in their ways of getting across to the people. However, what had not changed over the years was Hitler’s blatant use of propaganda, blaming the Jews and fantasies about a superior German race of ‘Aryans’. Hitler remained detached from the real world.