“How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he could create his perfect Aryan society?”

Historical Essay

Year 11 IB


Word Count: 1488


During Hitler’s time in power minority groups in Germany and in Europe were tortured, tormented, exiled and killed. Hitler persecuted various minority groups because he thought they had no place in his master race. Hitler had a vision of a master race called the “Aryan race” which he planned to purify and become world dominators. Hitler decided that to make this master race he would have to exterminate all the minorities which did not fit under the Aryan race. Examples of these minorities are the Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals, handicapped and anyone who he believed to be asocial or defective. Not only did Hitler persecute these groups in Germany, as he started invading other countries he persecuted the minorities in those countries as well. Some of the most affected countries were Poland, Holland, Austria and France. Hitler’s persecution of Minority groups was an issue that affected Europe as a whole.

What was Hitler’s view of a master race? In Hitler’s book Mein Kampf Hitler divides humans into categories based on physical appearance, establishing higher and lower orders, or types of humans. At the top, according to Hitler is the Germanic man with his fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes. Hitler refers to this type of person as an Aryan. He asserts the Aryan is the supreme form of human, or master race. "All the human culture, all the results of art, science, and technology that we see before us today, are almost exclusively the creative product of the Aryan..." (http://www.bofhlet.net/tasteless/13/kampf.htm). This direct quote gives an excellent view of Hitler\'s belief. Hitler used powerful propaganda techniques to convince not only the German people, but countless others, that if they eliminated the people who stood in their way and the degenerates and racially inferior, they - "the great Germans" would prosper (http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/romgypsies.htm). Hitler gave the title degenerates and racially inferior to the Jews and other minority groups. Although the Aryan race was superior there were still people within the Aryan race who were considered a burden to the society and were taken away and treated as one of the minorities. These people were normally the disabled and mentally ill and although they were of Aryan decent they were persecuted just like the minorities because of their individualities.

There were many different groups of people who were persecuted by the Nazis, but by far the largest group was the Jews. There are many different suggestions of why Hitler hated the Jews, one being that his mothers doctor was a Jew and when he couldn’t save her, Hitler blamed his mother’s death on the Jews and another that he heard voices in his head telling him to save Germany form the Jews (War Time leader series: Adolf Hitler. Learning essentials, Victoria), however this video source does seem to mix fact and opinion making assumptions of what was on Hitler’s mind. The fact is that the Jews were chosen for annihilation because of their race. Even though Jews are defined by religion, Hitler saw the Jewish people as a race that he believed needed to be completely annihilated (http://www.holocaustforgotten.com/romgypsies.htm). This source is also supported by many other historical writings. Hitler said it was the Jews who are engaged in a conspiracy to keep this master race from assuming its rightful position as rulers of the world, by tainting its racial and cultural purity and even inventing forms of government in which the Aryan comes to believe in equality and fails to recognize his racial superiority. For Hitler and committed Nazis the Jews were the arch-enemy. Persecution began with a boycott of Jewish businesses and professionals on April 1, 1933, allegedly in response to “atrocity propaganda” by Jews abroad. The campaign to destroy world Jewry continued, and endless trains took millions of Jews to extermination camps. On the Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938) throughout Germany, Jewish synagogues were torched, Jewish businesses and dwellings ransacked, Jews beaten up, in some cases killed, and thousands sent to concentration camps. With the war against the Soviet Union in June 1941, the SS deployed “task forces” (Einsatzgruppen) behind German lines, who systematically