“How can different representations of the past be explained?”


Different representations of the past can be explained a numerous amount of times due to what people witness, hear, and learn. The events on 21st-22nd of January, 1905, led Russia to revolutionize it’s whole country; from modern technology, to economic factors bearing in work for all (as most of Russia was working class, around 83 percent in total) and education, for all to learn about the world and Russia itself not under any rule of a revolutionary.


The evidence in each three accounts, Gapon, The New York Times (23rd, Jan, 1905) and John Hay have brought and raised different notions and events portrayed on the day.


Gapon was the leader of the crowd of workers, workers wives, workers children, students, and the general public of this parade. Women walked in front of him as a form of protection and body guarding his, if anything where to happen to him those women would lay down their lives for him. Police did not interfere with the procession as of yet, but escorted them to the gates of the Winter Palace with their heads respecting the religious emblems displayed. The crowd grew more patriotic for a more dramatic aspect of the parade; this was for seeking attention (even as though the procession was a compact mass). Infantry was spread through out the Narva Gate needed for protection of the palace, they too did not know what to expect but take orders from the Grand Duke. Gapon only wanted to reason with the Tsar, as if it were a life and death situation to have a better working situation to make life easier for most. This was unknown whether the mob was armed. Unsure of what was to come and Gapon’s massive crowd still approaching, they were fired upon, killing hundreds upon hundreds and inuring many more, and, Gapon, escaping with it out a scratch. Soldiers weren’t just shooting into the street filled with the crowd, but into adjoining houses (this was because streets were large and no house was defendable by any one as they were all connected, and all visible). This mass murder was conceived to be work of the Tsar, but he was nowhere to be found on this day. Soldiers did not come to the bodies for sometime, but coming to find out they were unarmed, they thought this was ok because it was an order, not what the Tsar would think or what the public, or even the rest of the world would think. Medical examination brought arguments of no one being armed, not a single rock nor weapon. As well being stated, “some bodies were shot several times within the head, limbs or upper body”. People also thought that this event was a key in people turning on a Russian Tsar. Also, this had almost brought an end to the killing and murder of smaller revolutionaries and revolutionary groups, most likely, as it was such a large group murdered.


The New York Times (NYT) illustrated and elaborated on the public nature of the event and the severity of the event. The NYT isn’t a Russian borne newspaper, but New York, one of a giant-working capital in America. Firstly, to bring to attention the NYT’s headline read “Led By Priest To Death”; this states that they died for a cause, except for Gapon (Martyrs?). The NYT labeled that the Tsar of Russia did not receive the petition (by Gapon), possibly because of the slaughtering by his Army. The NYT also stated that crowds were above thousands, killed and injured, were among women and children, innocent bystanders, and students. It is said that the Grand Duke was a butcher, as he ordered his carefully selected soldiers to carry out his killing spree. Evidence for the number of wounds inflicted to one of the many victims could be “… when once the blood gets into men’s eyes, appetite grows …”. The NYT suggests the thoroughfares (main road, access way) are easy to suppress with machine guns or rifles. The NYT also claims “… victory has been won in the blood of reformers …”. The NYT highlights that the Grand Duke is the Tsar’s cousin, which is nepotism. The Grand Duke has never