How and why did Hitler seek to control the German economy and work force between 1933 and 1939?


Hitler wanted to control the German economy and workforce from 1933 to 1939 because, he wanted to reduce the unemployment for the reason that he knows that he does not have the support of all the germen peple and a way to get their support will be to reduces unemployment. At the beginning, Hitler turned to professional help to reduces unemployment by appointing Hjalmar Schacht as president of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics. Hjalmar Schacht introduced the “New Plan” in September 1934. Soon after Hitler was not happy at the rate of rearmament was taking place, he wanted “guns and butter”. Goring told Hitler that he could provide “guns and butter”, therefore, Goring had control of the economy and came up with the “4 year plan”.


To stop any the working class from rebelling Hitler also abolished all the unions and made a new one called the DAF. He also made a lot of propaganda to enhance “beauty of labour”


Unemployment was very high in the 1930’s; there was 8.5 million unemployed in 1931. For Hitler to get more support from the working class, who usually supported the socialist, needed to reduce unemployment and made the living standard, a little better. Hitler knew if he could solve the problem of employment, then that will make him look like a great leader and make the party seem strong organised and, so in the future, if they do to war then the people would think that their leader is doing this for their benefit.


The way he tried to reduce unemployment is by making new jobs for people to do, making new motor ways and buildings. Even when there was little work and Germany was, struggling Hitler was thinking about the war, because not many people could afford a car, so why would they need to make a motor way? It could be, during the war if there was a motor way then it will much easier to travel from side of Germany to another. Hitler also made it law, if you are unemployed and can not find a job, then they will have to go and work in a framer where they would be paid nearly nothing. This made many people worried and it encouraged them to go out and find jobs where they are paid reasonably. This law helped the unemployment as well as the farmers. If more and more people worked at the farm it will help the farmer produce more crops, especially after the Agricultural depression, the farmers need as much help as they can get. There was more control over the amount of products being imported from overseas.


The worker could not go to there unions when they are being paid very littler money because, on the day after Mat Day Hitler closed down all the unions and set up his own union called the DAF (German Labour Front). The DAF was run mainly by the employers so the working class people usually did not that much help from them. The employers are tiring to get maximum profit out of minimum spending. To encourage more people to go to work, The NSDAP spent a lot of money on propaganda; they used the phrase “Schönheit der Arbeit” (beauty of labour) where the government convinced the people they would get better working conditions. It is to prove to the people that the DAF does work and they will help the working class. And “Kraft durch Freude” (Strength through joy), where they are rewarded for the hard work they have done. The worker would get very cheap holidays and day trips. 5 billion RM, state investment, was put in the work schemes. All this money spent did help t solve the problem. In the early 1930’s 25.9% of the population was unemployed but by 1936, it had fallen to 7.4%.



At the beginning, Hitler turned to professional to help him with the unemployment problem and the economic problems. Hitler appointed Hjalmar Schacht as the President of the Reichsbank in May 1933. Hjalmar Schacht came up with the “New Plan” in September 1934; he wanted to decrease the amount of goods being imported in to the country