Hinduism

The religion Hinduism refers a the civilization set up on the Indus river
called the Hindus. Introduced in about 1830 by British writers, it is believed
that the Indian civilization of approximately the last 2,000 years, which
evolved from Vedism religion of the Indo- European people who settled in India
in the last centuries of the 2nd millennium BC.

“The Hindu religion ranges from a level of popular belief to one of Ritual’s,
and philosophy. Hinduism is very broad, and has many Transitional stages, as
well as many ranges of coexistence.” “Magic, animal worship, and belief in
demons are combined with the worshiping of personal gods or with small thoughts,
discipline, and complicated and learned theological systems or doctrines only
few understand.” “The worship of local deities does not rule out the belief
in pan-Indian higher gods or even in a single high God. Such local deities are
also often looked down on as manifestations of high god.”

Hinduism allows all forms of belief and worship without requiring the
selection or elimination of any. “Hindus must respect the divine in every
manifestation, whatever it may be, and are doctrinally understanding, allowing
others - including both Hindus and non-Hindus – whatever beliefs suit them
best.” “A Hindu may allow a non-Hindu religion without ceasing to be a
Hindu, and because Hindus are likely to think unnaturally and to look upon other
forms of worship, strange gods, and different doctrines as not complete rather
than wrong or offensive.”3 Hindus tend to believe that the highest divine
powers are a balance of one another.2 Few religious ideas are considered to be
conflicting. “The base of religion does not depend on the existence or
nonexistence of God or on whether there is one god or many.”2 Because
religious truth is said to go beyond all spoken meaning, it is not conceived in
strict terms.2 In addition, the tendency of Hindus to distinguish themselves
from others on the basis of practice rather than principle does not emphasizes
doctrinal differences.

Hinduism is both a civilization and a congregation of religions it has,
neither a beginning ,or founder, nor a central authority, hierarchy, or
organization.4 “Being and non-being,"4 is the main reality in Hindusim,
and the ultimate cause and foundation, source, and goal of all existence.4 This
ultimate reality is called Brahman. “As the All, Brahman causes the universe
and all beings to originate from itself, transforms itself into the universe, or
assumes its appearance. Brahman is in all things and is the Self (atman) of all
living beings.”5 Brahman is the creator, preserver, or transformer and
reabsorber of everything.5 This fundamental belief of Brachman is that “ the
One is the All.”5 This belief has continued unchanged for more than 30
centuries, and has been the main focus of India\'s spiritual life5. “A more
common view of Hinduism is that many feel that it is \'atheistic\'. An even more
common view is that it has been labeled \'polytheistic\'.”5 The term
\'polytheism\' means there is not the presence of one god but a presence of many
gods.

Hindus actually worship many such beings we call God. But obviously this
implies a very big difference in the understanding of what such a \'God\' could
be.1 It is often said that Hindus worship three gods and they are in fact called
the Hindu Trinity.6 The gods involved are Brahma, Visnu and Siva. The first is
supposed to create the world (at the beginning of each cosmic cycle), the second
to maintain it in being, and Siva, at the end of a cosmic cycle, to destroy it
again. But then a further idea is added which is ignored by the theory of a
Hindu Trinity. It is also believed that Brahma and the others, who carry out
these functions, are merely manifestations of that highest being, or they relate
to it in some other way.1 “This is the idea of one, powerful, eternal, and
loving God, this is the concept of Bhagavan.”1

For us outside observers Bhagavan is not one, but Many for example Siva,
Visnu, Krsna, Rama, Karttikeya and Ganesa. “The individual now must makes a
decision as to how to regard such a figure. This means, for example Visnu could
than be the Bhagavan for some people, a minor part of Siva for others, and a
godling for a third group, possibly an evil demon like being for a fourth and
Isvara for a fifth.”7 Many Hindus who worship either Vishnu or Shiva generally
consider one or the other as their \'favorite god\' and as the Lord and Brahman
Vishnu is often regarded as a “special manifestation of a stabilizing aspect
of the