Guliver

Satire on a Nation Jonathan Swiftís, Gulliverís Travels satirically
relates bodily functions and physical attributes to social issues during Englandís
powerful rule of Europe. Through out the story we find many relations between
bodily features and British and European society. Swift uses this tone of
mockery to explain to his reader the importance of many different topics during
this time of European rule. Swift feels that the body and their functions relate
to political as well as the ration of a society. Swiftís fascination with the
body comes from its unproblematic undertone which gives his audience
recognizable similarity to many issues such as political change and scientific
innovation.

Gulliverís first adventure takes place in Lilliput. Gulliver swims to a
foreign shore after his boat and rowboat capsize due to a fierce storm. Washed
upon the shore, Gulliver finds himself tied to the grass surrounded by little
bodied people called the Lilliputians. The Lilliputians stood no more than six
inches high. During this time Swift recognized that England was also a kind of
six inch being that had great influence in Europe. Swift wrote Gulliverís
Travelís during a time when Europe was the worlds most dominant and
influential force. England, despite its small size, had the potential to defeat
any nation that might try to conquer them. Swift relates this phenomenon to the
small stature of the Lilliputians. They stood a mere six inches high but had the
power to siege the man-mountain Gulliver.

The capability of a nation consisting of miniature people, who are able to
capture someone ten-times their size can be seen as reinforcing the capability
of a small nation, such as England, becoming and remaining a great power. Even
though this is true, Swift entices a condescending tone to Gulliverís
portrayal of the small Lilliputians, who easily fit into the hands of Gulliver,
yet still manage to threaten his life. Even though the Lilliputians are
piteously small in Gulliverís eyes, they do not see themselves the same way.
To themselves, the Lilliputians feel they are normal and Gulliver remains the
outlandish giant. The unexpected infringement of giant Gulliver into the
Lilliputians well-developed society reminds the European society, that size and
strength are always relative, and there is no way for Europe to be certain that
a Gulliver-like giant, might not arrive and conquer them at any moment. This
encounter, between Gulliver and the Lilliputians would put Europeís confidence
in its power in jeopardy. Swift made sure that this message got across to humble
the society of England.

In chapter three we see the advance of Gulliver in the Lilliputians society.
During the process of integrating Gulliver finds that their culture is based
around trivial issues. These trivial issues can be looked at as subsequent to
their small stature. Gulliver finds that their government officials are chosen
by rope dancing. To Gulliver and the reader these practices are ridiculous and
arbitrary, but to the Lilliputians who do not need extravagant things because of
their size, see these practices as normal. Swift uses this scene to satire the
British government at this time. The British government also elected their
ministers in a trivial manner. In order to receive freedom from the
Lilliputians, Gulliver must help them in battle. Gulliver \'s agreement to the
terms provided in his contract to stay on the island for his freedom came not
from exceeding force from the Lilliputians, for Gulliver could crush their
entire city with his colossus body size and weight compared to the Lilliputians.
The Lilliputians were so secure in their laws and rules, where they felt their
laws could even rule this great bodily giant with them. Noticeably the audience
sees that Gulliver can easily crush the tiny Lilliputians, but he decides out of
the kindness of his heart not to forcefully become free. Once this great body
inquires his freedom, there will be no way for these small humans to thrust
their laws upon him. Trying to control outside forces were also flaws that
Europe processed at this time.

When the audience sees that Europe was also controlled by human egos, this
makes his satire even more convincing and critical. In the next chapters, the
Lilliputians let Gulliver receive his freedom; at the same time they realize
what kind of political power they can gain from the somebody size of Gulliver.
Gulliver goes into battle with the Lilliputians and destroys most of the
Blefescan naval fleets, but not all of them. Gulliver is greeted as a hero,
because of his great demonstration of strength. The Lilliputians ask him to
recover the rest of the ships but Gulliver