Guayana

Guyana is a country located on the northern coast of South America. It is bounded on the north by the
Atlantic Ocean and on the east by Suriname. On the south side Guyana is bordered by Brazil, and on the
west side is Brazil and Venezuela. Guyana achieved its independence on May 26, 1966 when it broke away
from Britain.
Land and Resources
Guyana has three different major geographical regions. These consist of a belt of soil which
ranges from five to forty miles, a dense forest area which makes up about four-fifths of the country and
a region of savanna. The country also has many rivers that have some spectacular waterfalls and one river
has the highest single-drop waterfall in the world. These rivers are navigable from the sea to about one-
hundred miles inland, after that they are no longer navigable due to rapids and falls.
Natural Resources
The lands of Guyana have many valuable natural resources. Within the lands you can find gold,
diamonds, kaolin, manganese and bauxite. If you were to travel a little ways off shore, you could also
locate some petroleum. These natural resources are very important in helping out the economy of this poor
country.
The lands have much resource also found in the vegetation and the forests. The plants and trees
are documented for their abnormal size and density. Guyana has an excellent lumber industry, they sell
some of the finest greenheart as well as mora. Within the forests are a big variety of wildlife which can
range from deer to anteater and a few types of monkeys. The birds are very diverse, they consist of for
example sugarbirds, cotingas and manakins all which feed on Guyana\'s vast array of insects.

Population , Education and Culture
Guyana has an estimated 800,000 people or on an average of 3.8 people per square mile. Georgetown
is the capital and it holds a few hundred thousand people. Being the capital, it is the main port city
and holds the major educational institution in Guyana. The University of Guyana is the best higher
education and there are many schools throughout the country. In the past few years the country has taken
education to much higher level.
Guyana was settled by East Indians, many still speak Urdu, Hindu and Tamil dialects. The official
language is English. The culture is close to the Suriname and French Guiana than to the rest of South
America. All of these various cultures have remained fairly distinct and in today’s society each group
has its own style of life and culture.
Economy
In 1966, Guyana was in the early stages of developing its resources. The British drew up an
economic plan to continue development with the help of experts from the United States as well as Canada.
The economy in the late 1980’s was dominated mainly by agriculture and service industries. These
industries pulled in an average revenue of approximately 164 million dollars per year and an average
expenditure of 284 million dollars per year.
The agriculture is about one-fourth of the countries gross domestic product. Sugar and its
by-products and rice account for most of the exports. Coconuts, coffee, citrus fruits\' ,corn and other
tropical fruits and vegetables are grown mainly for consumption. Another major crop that is raised on the
plush savanna lands are

livestock such as cattle, hogs, sheep and chicken.
Along the coast is where much of the cultivation takes place. The tremendous strips of alluvial
soil are very rich in nutrients. A big problem that these coastal lands see are much flooding and
irrigation problems such as drainage. This happens because much of this land is below the high-tide mark
of the sea and the rivers. Guyanian government is trying to help this problem by reclaiming some land for
cultivation.
Mining
Bauxite is one of Guyana’s major elements. They are a very big producer of this as well as gold,
manganese and diamonds which I mentioned earlier.
Manufacturing and Energy
Manufacturing is limited to food products, beverages, construction materials, clothing, soap and
cigarettes. In the late 1980’s they installed some new technology such as electricity which was generated
through thermal facilities. They also have a great capacity for generating hydroelectricity.
Transportation
The country has about 6000 miles of road which are mainly near the coast. They have about 70
miles of railroad tracks in use and their main seaports are in Georgetown and New Amsterdam. The river
system are a major part in the route