Greek Post Persian war


Delian league- formed to liberate ionia from Persia


Persian war ended Athens head delian league


Athens tries to get money and take power from other polis’


Polis’ try to leave Athens makes non voluntary


Percilies dominates and strengthens military.


Sparta/Athens situation intensifies


Sparta attacks Athens, almost destrrying navy


Athens surrenders , Sparta is imperialistic


Athens attacks back, greeks week and overrunned by Macedonia.


Philip Ii is king, doubles phalanx invades Greece


Federal league formed, Philip wants Persia, then assinated.


Aristoletoe tutored Alexander TG his son,


Alex starts to invade Persia, defeats darius III army ,


Darius murdered, Alex dies of fever


Empire falls, all were influenced by Greece, ‘Helenistic age’


7th wonder of world- library of Alexandria


His empire becomes in the hands of rome


Rome is on tiber river incenter of italy


Latins settled around latium on palatine hill


Greeks migrate in around 750 bc w/ wine grapes olives


Etuseans take over rome bringing monarchy with concil of elders


2 social classes patricians – upper and plebians- lower


Rebulice created with executives known as counsouls


Land owners served in military PLebians started own assembly


Tribune was voice of common man


Military style called legion made of 4000 men


Conquered Persian form latin league


Guals come in and take over, then bribe gauls to leave


Latifundia patricians bought plebians farms when they went broke


1/3 of pop was salves – new group called proletariat


Gracchi brothers (tiberias, gains) thought farmer was rome back bone


Germanic tribes attack, eventrualy pompey, crassus and Caesar take power


Make the 1st triumurate, pompey marries caesars daughter


Ceasar gains power and has kid with Cleopatra then is dictator for 10 years


Removes pompeys followers then made dictator for life, then assisnated


Octavian aka agustus


His succesors:


Tiberius who put jesus to death


Bad times come econic problems in rome


Diocletian is emperor now


Adress inflations, persecutes Christians, divied empire


East best west rejoins empire


Justininan outs down revolt codes “Justininan code 500 laws”


Corpus julis civilis


Monophystim – deny human form of jesus


Fall of roman empire 476****


Rome top middle, Carthage top of Africa, Sicily iland below italy, Macedona above Greece, black sea far right, Millian is UPPER italy