The ancient Greek and ancient Roman religion was the belief in gods. They had
similar beliefs, but also vast differences. They came from each other and gave their people
a form of morality. It was composed of many meaningful gods and goddesses that all
played a part in the everyday life of the average Roman and Greek person of that time.
They believed in something called polytheism. It is the belief of many gods; each
given a personality, function, relationship to each other through family, and to be the
subject of many myths and legends that were to be told for many of years to come. They
were to become the basis for a religion that would last for hundreds of years and would
yield thousands of followers to believe in the made stories of these enchanted people or
gods as they were called. ( Grolier)
The Roman mythology was to consist of twelve to thirteen main gods. Each
having a function in the life of the everyday Roman that would require some sort of
worshipping. The Roman gods were taken from the beliefs of the Greek gods. They are
directly descended from their neighboring religion. The Roman mythology consisted of
the high god Jupiter, his wife and sister Juno, son Vulcan, son Mercury, daughter Diana,
daughter Venus, son Mars, daughter Minerva, son Apollo, sister Vesta, brother Pluto,
brother Neptune, and Janus.(www, hunt)
Jupiter was the ruler of the gods. He is also known as Zeus to the Greeks. He
became ruler of the gods through him drawing that lot from his brothers after they
overthrew the Titans. He was the god of sky and rain. He was the keeper of the
thunderbolt which he hurled at anyone that displeased. That is how he is portrayed
through the Greeks, but through the Romans; he was still the ruler of the gods and used
his thunderbolts. They portrayed as the lord of life and death and he never visited
mankind on earth.(www. hunt)
Neptune was the god of the sea. This is the lot he drew from his brothers. He was
worshipped mostly by seaman. He was the creator of the horse and the user of his three-
pronged spear, the trident. It could shake the ground and break any object at will, but in
his Roman sense he was still the god of the sea. It only took longer for him to be noticed
as it. He started out as a minor deity of the water, but his importance increased as the
number of seamen increased. (www. hunt)
Pluto the god of the underworld. This is the lot he drew from his brothers. He is
one of the greediest of the gods and is always looking for more ruling subjects. He is the
god of wealth also because of all the precious metals mined from the earth. He is also the
king of the dead and married to his abducted queen Persephone in the Greek mythology.
(www. hunt)
Vesta was the goddess of the hearth and the symbol of the home. She was the
watcher of households and family activities. She is a virgin goddess and plays no parts in
myths. She is known as Hestia in the Greek religion. (www. hunt)
Juno was the goddess of marriage and the protectress of women. She was the
queen of the heavens. She was the wife and sister to Jupiter.(Grolier) In Greek
mythology She was all and the same. She was forced into marrying Zeus(Jupiter) because
he raped her. To hide her shame she married him.(www. hunt)
Mars was the god of war, agriculture, and of the state. He appeared in three
different ways: Mars Sylvanus, the god of vegetation; Mars Gradivus, the god of war; and
Mars Quirinius, the god of state. (Grolier) In Greek mythology he was also considered
the god of war, but not of the others. He was disliked by his parents and was a coward.
Apollo was the god of music, healing and truth. He was the player of the golden
lyre, shooter of the silver arrows, teacher of medicine to mankind, and god that could not
tell a lie. He was the also the carrier of the Sun across the sky by his chariot of winged
horses. He was represented in the same way in both the Roman and Greek religions.
(www. hunt)
Minerva is the goddess of wisdom, art and craft, and war. She was a deity of the
dawn. She was originally said to be the daughter of the giant Palla, but was later said to
have sprung