Gangs

Introduction

I. -A Los Angeles family takes a wrong turn into gang territory and is fired
upon. A 3-year-old is killed and her 2-year-old brother wounded.

-A Chinese immigrant in Brooklyn is kidnapped by a Chinatown gang which
demands ransom payments from her family. She is murdered when the family fails to pay.

-Two FBI agents and a police sergeant are murdered inside the Washington,
D.C. police headquarters by a gang member.

-A Pittsburgh police sergeant walking home with his daughter is killed with
his own gun after he stops and confronts a gang spraying graffiti on a street.

II. Resolved : that the Federal Government should pass laws to prevent the
development gang related youth violence.

Definitions-

1. Development: as defined in Websters Dictionary is “to make more
elaborate; to enlarge”

2. Gang: as defined in Websters is “A group of persons who are organized
and work together or socialize regularly; a group of adolescent hoodlums or
criminals; gang up on; to attack as a group.”

3. Violence: as defined in Websters is “Physical force or activity used
to cause harm, damage or abuse”

4. Youth: as defined in Websters is “The appearance or state of
appearing young; the time of life when one is not considered a adult; a young person”

III. Our current juvenile justice system is no longer adequate for
today's hardened young gang members. Demographics indicated this problem is not
going away. In fact, only will get worse. This is a serious problem that can
not be left unchecked. If this is not addressed it will only lead to the decay
of our society. We must take action to combat gangs in a new way. Vice
President Albert Gore recently told the White House press corps, "Gangs have
been a major cause of the growth in violent crime in the past decade." He cited
a Treasury Department report that found the presence of rival gangs, the Bloods
and the Crips, in 35 states and 58 cities across the country. At the same press
conference, Attorney General Janet Reno cited the impact of disabling one gang
in New Haven, Connecticut. Eighteen members of the "Jungleboy" street gang were
put in jail, and, according to Reno, New Haven's murder rate fell by one-third
in 1993.

I. Outline of Need Arguments

A. Problem: Many highly rated experts warn of the impending youth crime crisis.
Youth violent crime has been rising dramatically for more than a decade. An
upward surge in youthful perpetrators of violence is complemented by an
unprecedented growth in youth living with little or no adult supervision.
Professor Dean Rojek, a sociologist at the University of Georgia, says, "For
decades violent crime was driven mostly by adults, with kids involved mostly in
property crime.... What's been changing is that you have juveniles becoming much
more involved in violent offenses, with the use of weapons. If we add to this
more babies, you could have a multiplier effect... a mini explosion [in violent
crime by youth]." Gang's only heighten this problem.
California authorities describe the youth gang as a "violent and
insidious new form of organized crime. Heavily armed with sophisticated weapons,
(gangs) are involved in drug trafficking, witness intimidation, extortion, and
bloody territorial wars. In some cases they are traveling out of state to spread
their violence and crime."
According to the FBI, "The fastest growing murder circumstance is
juvenile gang killings." Almost one-third of Los Angeles' homicides are gang
related. Nationwide, the rate of violent offenses by gang members is three times
as high as for non-gang delinquents.
"Unless we act now," says Attorney General Janet Reno, "to stop young
people from choosing a life of violence and crime, the beginning of the 21st
century could bring levels of violent crime to our communities that far exceed
what we have experienced." Reggie Walton, a Washington, D.C. Superior Court
judge who handles juvenile cases, blames it on the disappearance of fathers.
Walton says fathers leave children to be raised by young mothers who themselves
are often struggling with mental or emotional problems, limited education,
poverty and addiction. Walton labels these children "walking time bombs."
This time bomb has been in the making for some time. Today, and
historically, young males commit far more crimes than other age groups.
Teenagers commit the largest portion of all crime in America. More than one-
third of all murders are committed by offenders under the age of twenty one.
More murders and robberies are committed by eight-teen year old males than any
other group. (Paul McNulty, “Natural Born Killers? Preventing the Coming of
Explosion of Teenage Crime”, 1995)
No matter the type