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"Nonviolence in its dynamic condition means conscious suffering. It
does not mean a meek submission to the will of the evil-doer, but it
means pitting one’s whole soul against the will of the tyrant"
"An eye for an eye makes everybody blind" summarizes Gandhi’s view of
violence. That statement is one of the greatest things ever said, and
was borrowed by other world leaders including Martin Luther King Jr.
Gandhi did not believe in violence as a technique of achieving his goal
of an independent India. He preached non-violent non cooperation.
Gandhi considered non-violent non cooperation as requireing more courage
and dedication then violence. Through the methods he used in his
campaign for the Free India he proved the previous statement to be true.
Many people would find "non-violence in its dynamic condition" ironic.
By the word non-violence Gandhi did not mean mere ignorance of the
injustices that came upon his people, He supported active non
cooperation, organizing non-violent marches and other events to protest
the unfairness of the British occupation of India. In the salt marches
Gandhi protested the British monopoly on salt and the salt tax Indians
had to pay. He tried to a provoke violent a response from the colonial
government. Such a response would show him to the world as a victim and
not a tyrant. This approach would expose the British injustice and
would get the world’s public opinion on hGandhi’s side. As a result,
even the English people supported his independence movement.
Gandhi’s non-violent non cooperation required much more bravery and
devotion then violent techniques used by some other Indian independence
leaders. During a march on a salt plant organized by Gandhi, men stood
in line to approach the guards. When they approached, the men stood
defenseless, while the guards beat them with sticks. As the beaten men
were carried away new ones came forward. In this symbolic event the
Indian people suffered greatly to show the world the cruelty of the
colonial authorities and the persistence of the peple of India to
Another showing of the British cruelty was the massacre, where
protesters stood peacefully while the British soldiers gunned them
down. After this event the entire world supported Indian independence.
Non-violence was successful.
In non-violent non cooperation Gandhi captured the support of the
entire nation. Under his leadership millions of Indians sacrificed for
the cause of freedom by non-violent methods. People stood defenseless
while being beaten or killed to show the world the inhumane policies of
the British. Non-violent non cooperation is one of the most difficult
and painful policies to be dedicated to.
Information from the following sources was used in this paper: The
Movie Ganhdi, A History of World Societies, The Illustrated World
Encyclopedia, The 20th Century Encyclopedic Dictionary, the movie To Do
the Right Thing.
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