This essay Gambling has a total of 3113 words and 14 pages.
Through the years, gambling has become America\'s pastime. Over 60 million Americans make some sort of wager every day.1 When compared to other recreations (in billions of dollars) in 1990, gambling institutions made 2.2 more than magazine sales, 8.3 more than book sales, 20.9 more than theaters, and a whopping 21.8 more than movies.2 This number has increased to this high level because of the growth in the amount of legalized gambling establishments and the accessibility to these establishments, both of which increases the number of gamblers. The compulsive or pathological gambler affects society most.
According to Stuart Winston, The compulsive gambler is the backbone of gambling. Without the compulsive gambler, there would be no Las Vegas, no Off Track Wagering. Two thirds of the race tracks in America would close. The attendance of sporting events would drop 50%, and T.V. wouldn\'t bother with sports beyond championship events.
The compulsive gambler bets a piece of his life everyday, and a piece of his family\'s. The other 45 million people who gamble are having fun.(Out of the 60 million who gamble every day)3 These gamblers often resort to crime to pay off their debts and anger. Even though legalized gambling has changed through time, and has been accepted in America today, it remains detrimental to society, and should not be legal anywhere. American gambling can be traced back to the early years of the nation.
Different forms of gambling, such as lotteries, remained popular until 1890, when U.S. jurisdiction made lotteries and all other forms of gambling illegal by direct prohibition.4 Gambling had become more and more a low life thing to do. These low lifes, called rowdies, would bet or take a bet on anything. Most tried to look different from everyone else by wearing thick imitation gold chains, a dyed black mustache, a velvet coat, and long hair. New York City alone had about 30,00 people earning a living from gambling in the 1890\'s. The casino\'s were plush and usually had a buffet with alcohol. The operation made a lot of money, most from cheating. Each casino would hire agents to come in and claim winning keno numbers, afterwards giving most of it back to the casino. Counterfeit money was also handed out to the few people who happened to win. Any protest from a loser and he would end up with a black eye. Oscar Handlin said, An individual may sometimes take away substantial sums of money, but in the long run the banker must win.5 Essentially, gambling hurt society in the early years of America.
For the next 25 years, gambling became unpopular again because of reports of cheating and changing American values. Anything thought of to be harmful to society became illegal. For example, alcohol became illegal by Prohibition. The reintroduction of gambling resulted in the return of corruption and fraud. By the mid 1920\'s, state after state abolished its anti-gambling laws. Gambling had become more and more accepted because of churches holding bingo sessions and legitimate racetracks being built. In 1931, gambling became totally legalized in Nevada to replace the money the state was getting from depleted ore rich mountains.6 Organized crime started to turn toward gambling as their main source of income after Prohibition ended in 1933. These criminals made most of their money bootlegging alcohol during Prohibition, so once alcohol prices went down, they needed another way to make a lot of money fast: gambling.7
Organized crime started getting more involved with gambling once Las Vegas started to boom. Bugsy Siegal, a half insane murderer who was sent to Nevada to enforce mob control of the race wire services, opened up the first hotel/casino in Las Vegas. His hotel, the Flamingo began a long period of gang involvement in Las Vegas. In 1947, the Desert Inn opened, run by a gang from Cleveland. A savage group of people, including the infamous Meyer Lansky and Lucky Luciano, established the Desert Inn in 1947. Lansky, the brains of this group, was a genius with numbers, while Luciano, the brute of the group, was a genius for finding Lansky. 1952 brought the opening of the Sahara by some run-out\'s from Oregon. The Sands, with Frank Sinatra as a headliner, opened in 1953, funded with Chicago mob money.
Topics Related to Gambling
Behavioral addiction, Problem gambling, Psychiatric diagnosis, Gambling, Casino, Meyer Lansky, Slot machine, Gambling in New Jersey, I. Nelson Rose
Essays Related to Gambling
Drug AbuseDrug Abuse Drug Abuse is generally defined as the use of a drug with such frequency that the user has physical or mental harm or it impairs social abilities. The substances that are discussed in this report are called psychoactive drugs; those drugs that influence or alter the workings of the mind, affect moods, emotions, feelings, and thinking processes. Drug Dependence/Addiction There are three basic characteristics that indicate that the user is dependent on a drug. First, the user continues
Drug DependenceDrug Dependence Mike Burgoyne Symptoms of Substance Dependence Associated with Use of Cigarettes, Alcohol, and Illicit Drugs --- United States, 1991--1992 Each year in the United States, approximately 400,000 deaths result from cigarette smoking, 100,000 from misuse of alcohol, and 20,000 from use of illicit drugs. Many of the adverse health effects associated with the use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs result from long-term use caused by substance dependence (i.e., addiction)---a cluste
The Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome ExpectancieThe Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, and Family Alcoholism on Alcohol Consumption Research Proposal by Josh Robbins 100-928-594 November 26, 1996 Economics 143 Abstract One large component of American popular culture today is alcohol. A common stereotype for the effects of alcohol is that as a drug it acts as a stress antagonist. This theory was introduced by Conger (1956) as the Tension Reduction Hypothesis (TRW). It states that alcohol\'s sedative action
The Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome ExpectancieThe Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, The Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, and Family Alcoholism on Alcohol Consumption Research Proposal by Josh Robbins 100-928-594 November 26, 1996 Economics 143 Abstract One large component of American popular culture today is alcohol. A common stereotype for the effects of alcohol is that as a drug it acts as a stress antagonist. This theory was introduced by Conger (1956) as the Tension Reduction
Eating Disorders: AnorexiaEating Disorders: Anorexia Each year millions of people in the United States are affected by serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorders. The vast majority are adolescents and young adult women. Approximately one percent of adolescents girls develop anorexia nervosa, a dangerous condition in which they can literally starve themselves to death. Another two to three percent develop bulimia nervosa, a destructive pattern of excessive overeating followed by vomiting or other purging
Can Genetics Cause Crime?Can Genetics Cause Crime? Introduction to Criminal Justice System Dr. Mike Carlie Are genetic factors more likely to make one person perform violent acts? Many doctors and researchers in the field of genetics have searched for a answer to this question. During 1989-93 one such researcher named Dr. Sullivan found some interesting points about genetics and crime. Sullivan while working for the Bush administration’s secretary of health and human services during 1989-1993 was appalled by the epidemi
On any given day in the United States... 10,657 baFAS On any given day in the United States... 10,657 babies are born. (US Census Bureau). Twenty of these babies are born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Twenty may seem as though it is not a lot, but when you compare it to the fact that this number is more than HIV positive, Muscular Dystrophy, Spina Bifida and Down Syndrome combine it creates a whole new parameter. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a direct result of a woman’s competed disregard for the fetus. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS, hereinafter), is
Internet AddictionInternet Addiction Internet Addiction Research Paper Theme: Social Impact of the Internet 8 October 1997 ABSTRACT The Internet is the largest source of information in the world today. With its web sites and chat rooms, it is a means of communicating with people in places all over the face of the earth. Since its conception in 1973, the Internet has grown at a whirlwind rate. 51 million adults, were on-line as of the second quarter 1997 in the United States alone. Some say that the Internet is so
Adolescence and DelinquencyAdolescence and Delinquency I couldn\'t begin to cover all the possible reasons that may cause an adolescent to become a juvenile delinquent. During my research, I found that the term juvenile delinquency is defined a number of ways. Mosby\'s Medical Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary summed up juvenile delinquency best with this definition; resistant antisocial, illegal, or criminal behavior by children or adolescents to the degree that it cannot be controlled or corrected by the parents, en
Adult PTSDAdult PTSD NU832.90 Feb 8, 2000 PTSD/ADULTS Epidemiology At least 50% of all adults and children are exposed to a psychologically traumatic event (such as a life-threatening assault or accident, humanmade or natural disaster, or war). As many as 67% of trauma survivors experience lasting psychosocial impairment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); panic, phobic, or generalized anxiety disorders; depression; or substance abuse.(Van der Kolk, et al, 1994) Symptoms of PTSD include pers
What is borderline personality disorderWhat is borderline personality disorder Borderline personality disorder is defined in the DSM IV, a manual used by psychiatrists to diagnose all mental disorders, as an AXIS II disorder which has symptoms of impulsively and emotional dysregulation (Livesley 146). A person with BPD have feelings of abandonment and emptiness, and have frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, going to extremes to keep someone from leaving (Burger 300). He or she is emotionally unstable and forms intense but unstable i
An Argument for the Legalization of Drugs, Based oAn Argument for the Legalization of Drugs, Based on John Stuart Mills\' Revised Harm Principle The question of whether or not to legalize certain drugs has been debated for decades. Although opponents have thus far been successful in preventing this, there are nonetheless a substantial number of people who believe that legalization should be given a chance. Their arguments range from the seeming ineffectiveness of current drug laws to the simple premise that the government has no right to proh
PsychologyPsychology INTRODUCTION The study of the way people think and behave is called psychology. The field of psychology has a number of sub-disciplines devoted to the study of the different levels and contexts of human thought and behavior. Social psychology, for example, deals with human thought and action in a social context, while physiological psychology is concerned with thought and behavior at the level of neurology. Another division of psychology, comparative psychology compares the thought an
ProcrastinationProcrastination Jeremy Simmons 3rd hour Procrastination is a universal everyday phenomenon that can seem little more than clich‚, a small-talk joke or boast or complaint; we all do it, after all. Yet a newly reported survey of students at a large urban university in the U. S. is probably typical in that a majority (52%) of the students claimed a high or moderate need for assistance with regard to procrastination which is more than any other area of concern (www.info.wlu.ca). There are a great ma
Hyperkinetic ChildrenHyperkinetic Children Hyperkinetic is just another word for Hyperactive. Hyperactivity describes children who show numerous amounts of inappropriate behaviors in situations that require sustained attention and orderly responding to fairly structured tasks. Humans who are hyperactive tend to be easily distracted, impulsive, inattentive, and easily excited or upset. Hyperactivity in children is manifested by gross motor activity, such as excessive running or climbing. The child is often described
HyperKinetic ChildrenHyperKinetic Children Hyperkinetic Children Hyperkinetic is just another word for Hyperactive. Hyperactivity describes children who show numerous amounts of inappropriate behaviors in situations that require sustained attention and orderly responding to fairly structured tasks. Humans who are hyperactive tend to be easily distracted, impulsive, inattentive, and easily excited or upset. Hyperactivity in children is manifested by gross motor activity, such as excessive running or climbing. The chi
What are Psychopaths and How do they exist in a coWhat are Psychopaths and How do they exist in a corporate world? The media may portray the psychopath as a crazed serial killer - the stuff of nightmares and horror films - but the reality is chillingly different. Not all psychopaths are violent criminals and fewer still have a desire to eat you for dinner. Many are highly successful businessmen and women, lawyers, academics, politicians, doctors and teachers. Psychopaths wear suits too... The Mental Health Act 1983 (HMSO 1983) described psychop
AlcoholismAlcoholism Running Head: ALCOHOLISM Alcoholism: Causes, Effects, and Treatment Possibilities Alcoholism is a wide-ranging and complex disease that heavily plagues society, especially in the United States, today. The symptoms are many, as are the causes and the effects. Alcoholism may be defined as a pattern of drinking in which harmful consequences result for the drinker, though observers have not agreed upon one specific definition of the term. There are two types of drinkers. The first type, t
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A CrCarnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
ALCOHOLISMALCOHOLISM Alcoholism is described by the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence as “A chronic disease marked by a craving for alcohol which characterizes by impaired control over drinking, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortion in thinking, most notably denial” (Encarta Encyclopedia). Denial comes about when people do not accept that they are alcoholics and they suffer from an illness. Alcoholism is a world-wide discussed problem which has touched my life in a d
TraumaTrauma Many methods of therapy have been developed for survivors of trauma. All methods share the following guidelines: Therapy always is individualized to meet the specific concerns and needs of each unique trauma survivor, based upon careful interview and questionnaire assessments at the beginning of (and during) treatment. Trauma therapy is done only when the patient is not currently in crisis. If a patient is severely depressed or suicidal, experiencing extreme panic or disorganized thinking
Drug AbuseDrug Abuse this study guide is a suggestion on which areas to focus on for the midterm; ask your TA if you have questions or need clarification! terms that are *ed are those which require knowing the definition of the term only, unless otherwise noted items not listed on the study guide will NOT be covered on the exam Chapters 1 & 2 material · psychoactive drug* Having effects on thoughts, emotions or behavior · the four pharmacological revolutions 1. Vaccines – Pasteur, Jenner, and Koch – Convi
Anabolic SteroidsAnabolic Steroids Outline I. Introduction and Basics about Anabolic Steroids A. Description of what steroids are B. Description of what anabolic steroids do C. Basics on how steroids can be acquired II. The History of Steroids A. Brief description of when steroids started B. Brief description of why steroids started C. Brief description of when steroids became a problem D. Brief description of why steroids became a problem III. Affects of Steroids A. Why people use steroids B. Seven negatives fo
PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG UPSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AFFECTING FREQUENCY OF DRUG USE The Psychosocial Differences Between Drug Users of Different Frequencies Within a University Setting State University of New York at Stony Brook After declining for a decade, marijuana use began to rise among young people beginning in 1990 (National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDA}, 1996). Marijuana is one drug whose use, although illegal and considered harmful, has been normaliz
Drug LegalizationDrug Legalization However, drugs should not be legalizied because there would be an increase in drug abuse due to its availability. Legalized drugs would become cheaper and more accessible to people who previously had not tried drugs. Addicts who tend to stop, not by choice, would not stop because drugs would be more accessible if legalized. The result of drug abuse is thousands of addicts in denial. The good news is that the United States had 286 million dollars and 81,762 drug seizures due to
AnorexiaAnorexia Each year millions of people in the United States are affected by serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorders. The vast majority are adolescents and young adult women. Approximately one percent of adolescents girls develop anorexia nervosa, a dangerous condition in which they can literally starve themselves to death. Another two to three percent develop bulimia nervosa, a destructive pattern of excessive overeating followed by vomiting or other purging behaviors to contr
DopamineDopamine Why did Gaylon (not her real name) wish she never accepted the casinos invitation to dinner? This housewife believes if she didn\'t go she never would have become addicted to gambling - an addiction that ruined her life. Gaylon turned to prostitution, drove her recovering husband back into alcoholism and stole $30,000 from her children. Rafael Rios seemed to have everything going for him. He graduated from Harvard Law School and joined a prestigious law firm in Chicago. Yet, for 18 year
Serial Killing: Is It An Addiction?Serial Killing: Is It An Addiction? The statement that the serial killer is addicted to what he does cannot be properly supported without a discussion of addiction. While the pharmacological examples such as alcoholism and heroin addiction are still the clearest examples of addiction, new models of addictive behavior including exercise addiction, compulsive gambling, and even sexual addiction have gained acceptance. Just as alcoholism was once thought to be a conscious choice, these latter examp
AlcoholismAlcoholism “Help! Oh, God. Somebody help me!” screamed Alex as he tried to get away from his drunken father. Alex threw a wild punch which hit nothing but the empty air. His father with anger in his eyes began to beat young Alex to pulp. Alcohol is continuing to become a major problem in the homes of many Americans. Today more than ever you hear of people wanting to protect their poor innocent children from the dangerous outside world of the city streets. While the fact is, in many cases the dan