Galileo


"Whereas Galileo spent his last days under house arrest and was formally
condemned by the Church for his scientific views, the elder Darwin was widely
respected by the Anglican Church and was buried at the Westminster Abbey, an
honor reserved for only the most illustrious personages of Great Britain. The
reason for the two scientists' very different fortunes is simple: Galileo
couldn't prove the Copernican hypothesis but Darwin was able to demonstrate the
truth of his theory of evolution." In the world of Galileo proof was what was
needed to succeed with a scientific hypothesis. In the world of Darwin proof
was not needed for a scientific hypothesis to succeed. There were many
differences in the worlds of these two great scientists that lead to the
reaction to their respective scientific hypothesize. It was not their beliefs
alone that led to their peer's views it was also the way each of them conducted
themselves. Galileo worked his way to become a respected scientist by most of
the intellectual community but he was also despised by many because of his
background and because of his attitude towards others. Darwin was well
respected by the intellectual community, but the difference was the way they
conducted themselves when they were dealing with their hypothesizes.

Galileo's Hypothesis

Galileo was well known for standing up for what he believed in and
pushing the things he wanted. He was constantly writing letters and engaging in
debates over the issue of Copernicanism. Galileo's entire reason for doing this
was to make the scientific and religious communities accept that Copernicanism
was actually a fact and that there was enough proof to believe it. One example
of the way Galileo strongly pushed his beliefs on others was the way he preached
Copernicanism to the people of Rome in 1615. While he was in Rome trying to
improve the church's opinion of him, Galileo was also debating the Aristotelians
over this issue and beating them at their own game. Because of his natural
talent for debate and because of his intelligence was able to outwit the
Aristotelians in these debates. Galileo acted this way because he believed that
he was in a position to make these kinds of statements without getting on the
wrong side of the church. These actions show that Galileo was very insistent
upon his ideas and upon what other people and the church thought of them. By
preaching and debating Galileo was trying to force his ideas into acceptance by
the church. His methods were highly unusual; he tried to force acceptance of
his ideas because he believed his findings to be conclusive and had enough proof
for people to accept. But when the actual facts are looked at it is very easy
to come to the conclusion that there was no definitive proof that the earth and
other planets orbit around the sun. Galileo in his papers and speeches tried to
hide his lack of proof by focusing on only what he knew. His actions on the
hypothesis are the complete opposite of the ideas of modern science. In modern
science a hypothesis is always trying to be proven like Galileo was doing but it
in never stated as truth until conclusive proof is demonstrated. While Galileo
is considered one of the founders of modern science is very easy to see that
some of his actions were not very scientific. The fact that Galileo was trying
to have people accept his hypothesis, as a fact is one of the major problems
with Galileo's fight for Copernicanism. Galileo's other major problem with his
fight for Copernicanism was that he was too cocky and believed that since his
ideas made the most sense people should give up the old paradigm and believe
Copernicanism to be true. If Galileo had been more cautious about preaching his
ideas and has spent more time trying to prove his hypothesis scientifically he
would have most likely been better off in his later years. He would have
avoided much of the controversy that surrounded him by the church and might have
just gotten off with another warning. Since Galileo was the man he was, he could
not end his fight after his first warning by the church, he had to persist and
write another book on the theory. In his book Dialogue on the Great Systems of
the World, Galileo tried to work around the ban of his belief of the Copernican
system by the church by presenting it as merely an opinion of his. But this as
most people realized was just another attempt to show the benefits of