Freud


Freud came to see personality as having three aspects, which work together to produce all of our complex behaviours


the Id, the Ego and the Superego. All 3 components need to be well-balanced in order to have good amount of psychological


energy available and to have reasonable mental health.However, the Ego has a difficult time dealing with the competing


demands of the Superego and the Id. According to the psychoanalytic view, this psychological conflict is an intrinsic and


pervasive part of human experience. The conflict between the Id and Superego, negotiated by the Ego, is one of the


fundamental psychological battles all people face. The way in which a person characteristically resolves the instant


gratification vs. longer-term reward dilemma in many ways comes to reflect on their "character".The ID functions in the


irrational and emotional part of the mind. At birth a baby’s mind is all Id want want want. The Id is the primitive mind.


It contains all the basic needs and feelings. It is the source for libido . And it has only one rule


the “pleasure principle”: “I want it and I want it all now”. In transactional analysis, Id equates to "Child". Id too


strong = bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others


The ego functions with the rational part of the mind. The Ego develops out of growing awareness that you can’t alway


get what you want. The Ego relates to the real world and operates via the “reality principle”. The Ego realises the need for


compromise and negotiates between the Id and the Superego. The Ego's job is to get the Id's pleasures but to be reasonable


and bear the long-term consequences in mind. The Ego denies both instant gratification and pious delaying of gratification.


The term ego-strength is the term used to refer to how well the ego copes with these conflicting forces. To undertake its


work of planning, thinking and controlling the Id, the Ego uses some of the Id's libidinal energy. In transactional analysis


Ego equates to "Adult"Ego too strong = extremely rational and efficient, but cold, boring and distant


THE SUPEREGO (“Over-I”): The Superego is the last part of the mind to develop. It might be called the moral part of the


mind. The Superego becomes an embodiment of parental and societal values. It stores and enforces rules. It constantly strives


for perfection, even though this perfection ideal may be quite far from reality or possibility. Its power to enforce rules comes


from its ability to create anxiety.