This essay Francis Bacon's New Atlantis has a total of 1411 words and 6 pages.
Francis Bacon\'s New Atlantis
Francis Bacon was the founder of the modern scientific method. The focus on the
new scientific method is on orderly experimentation. For Bacon, experiments
that produce results are important. Bacon pointed out the need for clear and
accurate thinking, showing that any mastery of the world in which man lives was
dependent upon careful understanding. This understanding is based solely on the
facts of this world and not as the ancients held it in ancient philosophy. This
new modern science provides the foundation for modern political science. Bacon\'s
political science completely separated religion and philosophy. For Bacon,
nothing exists in the universe except individual bodies. Although he did not
offer a complete theory of the nature of the universe, he pointed the way that
science, as a new civil religion, might take in developing such a theory.
Bacon divided theology into the natural and the revealed. Natural theology is
the knowledge of God which we can get from the study of nature and the
creatures of God. Convincing proof is given of the existence of God but nothing
more. Anything else must come from revealed theology. Science and philosophy
have felt the need to justify themselves to laymen. The belief that nature is
something to be vexed and tortured to the compliance of man will not satisfy
man nor laymen. Natural science finds its proper method when the \'scientist\'
puts Nature to the question, tortures her by experiment and wrings from her
answers to his questions. The House of Solomon is directly related to these
thoughts. "It is dedicated to the study of Works and the Creatures of God"
(Bacon, 436). Wonder at religious questions was natural, but, permitted free
reign, would destroy science by absorbing the minds and concerns of men. The
singular advantage of Christianity is its irrationality. The divine soul was a
matter for religion to handle. The irrational soul was open to study and
understanding by man using the methods of science.
The society of the NEW ATLANTIS is a scientific society. It is dominated by
scientists and guided by science. Science conquers chance and determines change
thus creating a regime permanently pleasant. Bensalem, meaning "perfect son" in
Hebrew, has shunned the misfortunes of time, vice and decay. Bensalem seems to
combine the blessedness of Jerusalem and the pleasures and conveniences of
Babylon. In Bacon\'s NEW ATLANTIS, the need for man to be driven does not exist.
Scarcity is eliminated thereby eliminating the need for money. "But thus, you
see, we maintain a trade, not for gold, silver or jewels... nor for any other
commodity of matter, but only for God\'s first creature which was light" (Bacon,
437). This shows a devotion to truth rather than victory and it emphasizes the
Christian piety to which the scientist is disposed by virtue of his science. As
man observes and brings the fruits of his observations together, he discover
likeness\' and differences among events and objects in the universe. In this way
he will establish laws among happenings upon which he can base all subsequent
action. Bacon realized that sometimes religious ideas and the discoveries of
nature and careful observations were contradictory but he argued that society
must believe both.
The NEW ATLANTIS begins with the description of a ship lost at sea. The crew
"lift up their hearts and voices to God above, who showeth his wonders in the
deep, beseeching him of his mercy" (Bacon, 419). Upon spotting land and
discerning natives the sailors praise God. When a boarding party comes to their
ship to deliver messages, none of the natives speak. Rather, the messages are
delivered written on scrolls of parchment. The parchment is "signed with a
stamp of cherubins\' wings... and by them a cross" (Bacon, 420). To the sailors,
the cross was "a great rejoicing, and as it were a certain presage of good"
(Bacon, 420). After the natives leave and return to the ship, they stop and ask
"Are ye Christians?" (Bacon, 421). When the sailors confirm that they are, they
are taken to the island of Bensalem. On Bensalem, the sailors are \'confined\' to
their resting place and are attended to according to their needs. The sailors
reply, "God surely is manifested in this land" (Bacon, 424). Upon talking to
the governor the next day, he exclaims "Ye knit my heart to you by asking this
question, [the hope that they might meet heaven], in the first place, for it
showeth that you first seek the kingdom of heaven" (Bacon, 427). This is not
true. The sailors have already sought food, shelter and care of the sick.
Topics Related to Francis Bacon's New Atlantis
Empiricists, Philosophers of science, New Atlantis, Francis Bacon, Nature, Science, Natural science, Works by Francis Bacon, Baconian theory of Shakespeare authorship
Essays Related to Francis Bacon's New Atlantis
BerkeleyBerkeley As man progressed through the various stages of evolution, it is assumed that at a certain point he began to ponder the world around him. Of course, these first attempts fell short of being scholarly, probably consisting of a few grunts and snorts at best. As time passed on, though, these ideas persisted and were eventually tackled by the more intellectual, so-called philosophers. Thus, excavation of the external world began. As the authoritarinism of the ancients gave way to the more
Third ExamThird Exam Third Exam. Take-Home. Due April 21st; your grade declines one grade level for each day late. If you use any web source, use quote marks and list citation; presentation as your own writing of a web source or a published book or article will get an F for the course (remember how easy it is to search the web). Retain a copy of your paper and be prepared to explain your answers in an oral examination. Instructions: Type your paper and write no more than 2,000 words in toto. Answer questi
Berkeley's Theory of ImmaterialismBerkeley\'s Theory of Immaterialism Free Will Determinism MW 11:45 As man progressed through the various stages of evolution, it is assumed that at a certain point he began to ponder the world around him. Of course, these first attempts fell short of being scholarly, probably consisting of a few grunts and snorts at best. As time passed on, though, these ideas persisted and were eventually tackled by the more intellectual, so-called philosophers. Thus, excavation of the external world began. As
Should the fundamental question in epistemology beShould the fundamental question in epistemology be How can I know ? On the other hand, should it rather be What can I know ? INTRODUCTION: In this essay, I will look at both these questions as they both seem to play a major role in the study of knowledge. I will cover two of the main elements that correspond to these questions of attaining knowledge, Empiricism, and rationalism. In order to show examples of both these views; I will use the philosophical thinking of Rene Decartes, a rationalist w
Kantian PrinciplesKantian Principles Kant wants to avoid the skeptical attack by excluding experience from his judgements. By doing so, he makes an attempt at evaluating moral acts in themselves (a priori), without any prior knowledge (a posteriori). This allowed him to avoid the empiricists of his time as they claimed that all of our knowledge, as well as our morality, stemmed from experience. His philosophical project was this: to find an a priori morality that did not rely on experience or prior knowledge, rat
PhilosophyPhilosophy When I was born, I did not know the difference between right and wrong. Now, I do. The word philosophy means the love of knowledge. One type of knowledge is propter quid, which ask the question why or how. In this paper, I will demonstrate how Socrates, Hume and Aristotle, three well known philosophers, would explain how I acquired this knowledge in relation to the principles of right and wrong. Socrates is the first philosopher, I will discuss. Since Socrates did not write anything d
True and FalseTrue and False True and False seem to be such clear and simple terms, opposites and mutually exclusive. In reality, however we may inhabit, in much or even most of our knowledge the fuzzy area in between the two. Discuss the difficulties of attempts to draw a clear line between the two categories in at least two areas of knowledge. The question of the definition of true and false has for centuries of western civilization baffled the greatest of philosophers. The question being not just simply th
Knowledge and Selection: Knowledge and Selection: The Two Approaches to Evolutionary Epistemology Wei-Li Jao Ph.D. Candidate in Philosophy Graduate School and University Center City University of New York I. Introduction Evolutionary epistemology aims to enrich our understanding of knowledge by incorporating the perspective of evolutionary theory into the study of epistemology. Among its most eminent advocates in philosophy are Quine and Popper. Quine believes that the reliability of human cognitive system has its root