France And Germanys Relationships From 1815-1917

Throughout the time period of 1815 – 1917 there was a vast number of changes. There were good and bad ones. The main principle of this time period was that people were starting to realize that peace should be prevalent throughout Europe. This paper will discuss the relationships between France and Germany during the time period of 1815 – 1917.
The paper will primarily focus on the Franco Prussian War, The Revolutions of 1848, the Dreyfus affair, the Austro Prussian War, imperialism and the beginning of World War One and everything that is closely related to those topics. The paper will have various pictures and primary documents for you to refer to throughout the reading.

The Outcome of the Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna was formed to keep a balance of power, and preserve peace throughout Europe. There were many territorial decisions that were made during this congress. These decisions effected the outcome of the Congress of Vienna. France was deprived of any land that was conquered by Napoleon. Prussia received much of Saxony and important parts of Westphalia and the Rhine Province.
After Prussia received the Rhineland, it was not thought too much of a political gain. However in the long run it paid off. The Rhineland was full of coal and iron. This was very important during Prussian industrial revolution of the 1840s. Since there was this abundance of iron a plethora of railroad tracks could be produced. This led to a large free trade zone. Since King Fredrick William III eliminated all tariffs in the German states, a large free trade state was formed. This allowed the Prussian to have a large monopoly in the middle of the continent of Europe. However the Prussian success did not last forever. It ran into a small glitch. This glitch was the revolution of 1848.
France did not have the same luck. They were given no land and kept under watch by the other countries. The clever Tallyrand represented France at the congress and just tried to make sure that France could stay in the thick of things in European politics. France would soon also have their own problems just as Prussia would. France would also have their own revolution in 1848, as did almost every other country in Europe.

The Revolutions of 1848
There were many revolutions throughout Europe in 1848. They were all based on the three ideas of liberalism, nationalism and socialism. These were the cause for many uprisings various countries. Most of the revolutions died down quickly. The reason for most of the revolutions ending abruptly was the fact that there was disunity amongst the leaders of the revolutions. A good way to see this is to look at such countries as Germany and Frances revolutions.

The fact that there was a sever depression and low employment rate at the time is a reason that this revolution started. In France, the revolution began with a riot lead by Parisians. This riot lead to Louis Phillippe fleeing to Great Britain. Soon a provisional government was established. It soon also had disunity amongst the leaders. This second republic was formed and there was soon fighting in the streets. The bloody June days gave the Parisians a chance to fight the government troops. Again they were back were they started. This uprising was crushed and ensured the conservative nature of the republic. This created a fear among the bourgeoisie of hard working radicals that influenced French politics. This new constitution established a presidential republic with a single assembly. These were to be chosen by universal male suffrage. Louis Napoleon soon ran for presidency and he was victorious with an overwhelming vote in his behalf. He soon gave France a new constitution. A year later he took the throne as Napoleon III. Napoleon II never reigned.
The revolution of 1848 in Prussia or soon to be Germany was of various causes. The acute source of tension was a power struggle. This was between industrial bourgeoisie upset about anarchist ideas imposed upon the expansion of capitalism and the feudal people refusing to relinquish their power. For the bourgeoisie to be able to start anything against the nobility they need the masses to join them in them in this struggle.