Final History Exam


1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, & resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the
German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico & Germany & promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would support Mexico in recovering lost territory in Texas, New Mexico & Arizona. After that, four unarmed
American merchant ships were sank, with a loss of 36 lives. Finally, the Russian monarchy was replaced with a representative government, & now supporters of American entry into the war could claim that this was a war of democracies against brutal monarchies.

2. Unrestricted submarine warfare refers to: the sinking of any ship leading to causalities & harm as a result, without warning or notice

3. List results of US involvement in World War I: World War I strengthened the US military & the power of the government, as well as accelerating social change for women & African Americans. In many European countries the war created political instability
and violence.

4. The League of Nations was first proposed as part of: Wilson Fourteen Points, President Wilson plan to restore peace after World War I.

5. The Red Scare was: the panic in the U.S. after revolutionaries in Russia overthrew the czarist regime & established a new communist state, hoping to abolish capitalism everywhere. This panic grew when a community party was formed in the US
and when several dozen bombs were mailed to government & business leaders, threatening a Communist takeover.

6. The issue of Prohibition reflected a conflict between: Reformers, Religious groups vs. immigrants, saloon owners & alcohol manufacturers

7. How did women’s roles change in the 1920\'s? Many women began to assert their independence, reject the values of the 19th century & demanded the same freedoms as men. Many women began smoking cigarettes, drinking in public & talking openly about
sex. A booming industrial economy opened new work opportunities for women in offices, factories, stores & professions. The same economy churned out time-saving appliances & products that reshaped the roles of housewives & mothers, who were able to focus
their attention on their children, husbands & pastimes.



8. Prohibition affected society by: generating disrespect for the law & paving way for organized crime in major cities. It also led to an increase in lawlessness, such as smuggling & bootlegging & allowed criminals to receive the opportunity of a new source of
income.



9. Henry Ford Model T was innovative because it: allowed the construction of paved roads, allowing Americans to travel from coast to coast. It also led to an alteration in American landscape, including highways & garages for houses. The automobile was affordable & allowed isolated rural families to travel & take far away vacations.

10. Charles Lindbergh is best known for: being the first person to make a nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.

11. What aspect of automobile ownership caused problems during the Depression? Many people bought their cars on credit, leaving them in debt. Also, the automobile industry declined, & cars were getting more expensive to own.

12. The Scopes trial was a clash between the values of: fundamentalism & evolution.

13. Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally confident of: new prosperity.

14. Describe the condition of the American economy in the 1920s: During the 1920s, it was time of superficial prosperity. The national income grew from $64 billion to $87 billion in 8 years. Productivity increased, businesses expanded & people began to purchase goods on credit.

15. President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was: to call together key leaders in the fields of business, banking & urging them to work together to find solutions to the nations economic problems, & to act in ways which would not make the problem worse. He also believe in rugged individualism, the idea that people should succeed through their own efforts.

16. One thing that Franklin Roosevelt was able to do better than Herbert Hoover was to alleviate the problems of the great depression.

17. What did New Deal programs address? Relief for the needy, economic recovery & financial reform.

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