Fascism Compared to Communism


Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule


in Hitler\'s Germany and Stalin\'s Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers


should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media


and education, control of the economy, and war time planning.


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Why is it that Germany\'s fascism lasted a relatively short


time compared to Russia\'s communism? The regimes established under


Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and


control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different


ideology and goals. Hitler\'s Mein Kampf established the superiority of


the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. Hitler wanted


the world. The government in Russia established by Lenin was based on


a book called Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a call to the


proletariate to unite and rebel against their selfish employers. It is


my belief that Lenin had entirely good reasons for doing as he did,


and felt he was helping the world as apposed to Adolf Hitler.


Immediately after Lenin\'s death, a man very much the same in nature as


Hitler, Stalin, came to control the Bolsheviks and throw Russia in a


civil war in a quest for power. You now have two men of equal


aspirations soon to be in control of two very similar governments.


In any rise of power, there needs to be a period of careful


planning requiring much thought. These two men had very little history


with which to work with which to model their revolutions. Times had


been changing rapidly, technological improvements in the fields of


manufacturing, transportation, and communication made this period of


time very different from any other. Hitler spent his time imprison


writing his book, Mein Kampf, filling it full of warped ideas of


conquest and superiority of one race over another. I think it is


strange that such works would go unnoticed with nobody left to watch a


man with such dangerous ideas. Lenin planned his revolution while in


exile in Switzerland. Then he made a deal with the German government


whereby he was hid on a train and passed through enemy Germany to


Russia. The conclusions with respect to methods of acquiring power and


controlling it when they did get it were very much the same.


Both rulers had full run of their respective governments.


Stalin was already dictator of Russia with his power and loyalty of


the people guaranteed by the secret police, the Cheka. This entity


provided Stalin with an easy means of destroying the opposition and


weeding out the undesirable to be sent to prison camps in Siberia, a


virtual death sentence. For Hitler to ascend to that level of power he


rammed the Enabling Act through the German Congress which gave him the


power to enact laws. Under Article 1 of his new power, Hitler decreed


the only existing party shall be the NSDAP. With Article 2 he declared


all association of, collaboration with, and support of other parties


would result in imprisonment in camps similar to Russia\'s labor camps.


With Hitler\'s Gestapo, secret police, he enforced those rules and used


existing policies to get rid of other unfit Germans. Political


prisoners, homosexuals, Jews and other people sent to the


concentration camps were given different colored symbols for easy


identification. At this point, no one dared speak against their


country even in the privacy of one\'s home lest their children let


something slip at school.


If you control people\'s thoughts, you control them. Propaganda


was an important tool used by both Germany and Russia. Hitler


appointed a man by the name of Joseph Goebbles to head the Ministry of


Public Enlightenment in Germany. This man used newspapers, magazines,


and radio to spread Nazism. Even if a man bathed in thoughts of


discontent at home, he was bombarded with propaganda in public, and at


the workplace. Banners hung from building, posters on almost every


sign or lamppost. Anyone with a suspicious look on their face was


first detained, and the sent to a prison camp. It was no longer just


desirable to be a Nazi considering the benefits like government


contracts or being able to ezd first in line, but necessary for


employment. Russia employed much the same tactics with much more


emphasis on