Essay on The F.B.I.

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To uphold the law through the investigation of violations of federal
criminal law; to protect the U.S. from foreign intelligence and terrorist
activities; to provide leadership and law enforcement assistance to
federal, state, local, and international agencies; and to perform these
responsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the public
and is faithful to the constitution of the U.S.: this is the mission of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation.

The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded in
1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force of Special Agents
to be the investigative force of the Department of Justice (DOJ). Before
that time, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the U.S. Secret Service to
investigate violations of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction. In
1909, the Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, and
after a series of name changes, it received its present official name in
1935.

During the early period of the FBIs history, its agents investigated
violations of mainly bankruptcy frauds, antitrust crime, and neutrality
violation. During World War One, the Bureau was given the responsibility of
investigating espionage, sabotage, sedition (resistance against lawful
authority), and draft violations. The passage of the National Motor Vehicle
Theft Act in 1919 further broadened the Bureau\'s jurisdiction.

After the passage of Prohibition in 1920, the gangster era began, bringing
about a whole new type of crime. Criminals engaged in kidnapping and bank
robbery, which were not federal crimes at that time. This changed in 1932
with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute. In 1934, many other
federal criminal statutes were passed, and Congress gave Special Agents the
authority to make arrests and to carry firearms.

The FBIs size and jurisdiction during the second World War increased
greatly and included intelligence matters in South America. With the end of
that war, and the arrival of the Atomic Age, the FBI began conducting
background security investigations for the White House and other government
agencies, as well as probes into internal security matters for the
executive branch of the government.

In the 1960s, civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of the
FBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime, and violent crimes in
the 1970s. These are still the major concerns of the FBI, only now it is to
a greater extent..

With all of this responsibility, it is logical to say that the FBI is a
field-oriented organization. They have nine divisions and four offices at
FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. These divisions and offices provide
direction and support services to 56 field offices and approximately 10,100
Special Agents and 13,700 other employees. Each FBI field office is
overseen by a Special Agent in Charge, except for those located in New York
City and Washington, D.C. Due to their large size, those offices are each
managed by an Assistant Director in Charge.

FBI field offices conduct their official business both directly from their
headquarters and through approximately 400 satellite offices, known as
resident agencies. The FBI also operates specialized field installations:
two Regional Computer Support Centers; one in Pocatello, Idaho, and one in
Fort Monmouth, New Jersey -- and two Information technology Centers (ITCs);
one at Butte, Montana, and one at Savannah, Georgia. The ITCs provide
information services to support field investigative and administrative
operations.

Because they do have so much responsibility, their investigative authority
is the broadest of all federal law enforcement agencies. The FBI also
stresses long term, complex investigation, emphasize close relations and
information sharing with other federal, state, local, and foreign law
enforcement and intelligence agencies. A significant number of FBI
investigations are conducted with other law enforcement agencies or as part
of joint task forces.

As part of this process, the FBI has divided its investigations into the
following programs:

Applicant Program Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Applicants Department of justice Candidates FBI Special Agents and Support
Applicants and others

Civil Rights Program Civil Rights Act of 1964 Discrimination in Housing
Equal Credit Opportunity Act

Counterterrorism Program Hostage taking Sabotage Attempted of Actual
Bombings and others

Financial Crime Program Bank Fraud and Embezzlement Environmental Crimes
Fraud Against the Government and others

Foreign Counterintelligence Programs Espionage Foreign Counterintelligence
Matters

 Organized Crime/Drug Program Drug Matters Money Laundering Organized
Crime/Drug Enforcement Task Force Matters and others

Violent Crimes and Major Offenders Program Theft of Government Property
Crime Aboard Aircraft Kidnapping - Extortion and others

These programs cover most everything that the FBI investigates, and some
individual cases in a program often receives extensive investigative
attention because of their size, potential impact, or sensitivity.

Because FBI Special Agents are responsible for handling so many different
things, they have to go through rigorous training in