This essay Eritrea has a total of 1734 words and 12 pages.
International business communication
October 19, 2002
Guayaquil – Ecuador
Eritrea was given to Ethiopia in the year 1952 and they had a constant war until 1991, in 1993 there was a referendum that gave Eritrea their independence from Ethiopia.
After this in 1998 a new war rose up between Eritrea and Ethiopia until the UN auspices in the year 2000 a peace treaty and a way to solve the limits on their territories.
The attack prevented planting of crops in Eritrea\'s most productive region, causing food production to drop by 62%.
The cessation of Ethiopian trade, which mainly used Eritrean ports before the war, leaves Eritrea with a large economic hole to fill.
Conditions of Eritrea’s economy. –
Eritrea has huge illiteracy, not enough education opportunities and many problems as all the African countries depending on agriculture and herding.
Eritrea\'s economic struggle has been complicated this year by the shortage of food as a result of unusual seasonal rains. This has forced Eritrea to use limited foreign exchange reserves to purchase food.
Ethiopia the biggest external buyer with about 67% of all the exports of Eritrea goes to them.
Now with the new currency, the Nakfa, it has created an uncertainty of the Ethiopian government and are pushing Eritrea to pay them with dollars because they are certain that the Nakfa is going to devaluate and is not going to be useful in the future, even though they are trying to increase other markets like the US market that is at the moment 3% of the market, not enough to replace Ethiopia. An 80 % illiteracy rate and low levels of education in important technical areas from computer literacy to industrial skills are fundamental problems.
One big problem in the educational field is that women are totally excluded from education and is really difficult for them to be a contribution to the economy.
There’s a lack of diversification of jobs having more than 80% of the existing jobs in the agricultural field.
Food purchases are a huge spend on Eritrea\'s foreign exchange reserves. Eritrea requires 600,000 to one million metric tons of cereal grains annually. In a good year, Eritrea is able to meet one fourth of its food needs; imports from Ethiopia fill much of the rest of the deficit of food. The heavy rains this year destroyed much of the harvests in both countries, however, and Eritrea will meet only about 20% of its food needs this year. To make up for lowered imports from Ethiopia, Eritrea has purchased wheat and sorghum from the U.S., Europe and other places.
Eritrea as I said before is needed of Ethiopia to maintain its economy and in moments of conflict Ethiopia created bigger relations with Djibouti making all their exports pass through them and forget Eritrea.
Conflict Eritrea - Ethiopia.
“The war is the result of a large-scale Eritrean military invasion of Ethiopian territory. Eritrea has recently announced claims on these territories that were being peacefully administered by Ethiopia. But international law forbids the use of force to change the status quo. A country which has territorial claims on areas peacefully administered by another country must not resort to force; it has to bring the issue to international mediation. The Eritrean invasion which took place on May 12, 1998, violated this fundamental tenet of international law. After the invasion the Eritrean government stated that it had "brought under its control large swathes of territory."
Eritrea claims that Ethiopia provoked the invasion because of a clash on May 6, 1998 between Ethiopian police and Eritrean army units in Badime.”
The war that was happening in the horn of Africa ,Ethiopia was being supported by Russia and Cuba, Eritrea also planned that they would be an export-based manufacturing and financial service center for the region . However, Eritrea\'s plans conflicted with Ethiopia\'s intention to develop its own manufacturing capacity and to process its own raw materials rather than simply export them to Eritrea.
Eritrea had a bigger commercial expansion and GDP growth than Ethiopia at the moment of the adherence of the country to Ethiopia and many of the companies had to be moved to Addis Ababa the capital of Ethiopia were later on were made a part of the Ethiopian state. “The US-Rwanda peace plan was developed after three-week diplomatic efforts and consultations with both
Topics Related to Eritrea
Horn of Africa, Least developed countries, Member states of the African Union, Member states of the United Nations, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Outline of Eritrea, EritreanEthiopian War
Essays Related to Eritrea
DionysiusDionysius Dionysus Dionysus was the most widely worshipped and popular god in ancient Greece. It\'s not difficult to see why; he was their god of wine, merriment, ritual dance, warm moisture, and later, civilization. He was often depicted as a handsome young man, dressed in fawnskin, and carrying a goblet and an ivy-covered staff. Some myths hold that Dionysus was the son of Zeus--the king of the god--and Persephone--queen of the underworld--but most myths state that he is the son of Zeus and a
The History Of JazzThe History Of Jazz The first jazz was played in the early 20th century. The work chants and folk music of black Americans are among the sources of jazz, which reflects the rhythms and expressions of West African song. Ragtime, an Afro-American music that first appeared in the 1890s, was composed for the piano, and each rag is a composition with several themes. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin. The first improvising jazz musician was the cornetist Buddy Bolden, leader of a band in N
DionysusDionysus Dionysus was the most widely worshipped and popular god in ancient Greece. It\'s not difficult to see why; he was their god of wine, merriment, ritual dance, warm moisture, and later, civilization. He was often depicted as a handsome young man, dressed in fawnskin, and carrying a goblet and an ivy- covered staff. Some myths hold that Dionysus was the son of Zeus--the king of the god-- and Persephone--queen of the underworld--but most myths state that he is the son of Zeus and a mortal w
Entrance EssayEntrance Essay Andromeda is a herm pillar St. George defeats a dragon = paganism is replaced by Christianity Perseus travels to the axis mundi (which is always a narrow passageway) He attends Hippodameias marriage where he uses the gorgon head (transmutation of Athena) and changes the dinner guests into stone (herm pillars) He changes the whole nature of Mycenae of the Old Minoan tradition into the age of Zeus The meaning of Mycenae is changed to mushroom, from what it had once been named after
The Renaissance EraThe Renaissance Era Historical Events 1500 – 1600: DL: African Slaves are taken across the Atlantic to work on sugar plantations – 1510. ED : University of Valencia founded – 1500 RP : Ahmed ad Mansur leads Moroccans into a battle against the Songhai – 1500 VA : Nuts and Bolts are first used in Europe – 1550’s. M : William Shakespeare is born – 1564. PH : Elizabeth I begins her reign as Queen of England – 1588. ST : The First toilet is invented – 1589. LT: Sir Walter Raleigh born - 1552 PH : Pol
The Values of the Invisible ManThe Values of the Invisible Man I awoke, there was a crash on the upper deck. I heard a thunderous crackling from my head above. I ran up the stairs and what I saw devastated me. The small wooden boat was completely coated in billowy flames. Help, help, somebody please! I slowly moved towards the sound being careful to dodge flames as much as possible. The smoke was choking me. I could see a faint outline of a face across the deck. It was Tom, my lifelong friend and companion. He was completely
The Short Happy Life of Francis MacomberThe Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber Ernest Hemingway has created a masterpiece of ambiguity in his story The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber The mystery of the story does not reveal itself to the reader until the end, yet it leaves a lot to the imagination. The story is about the deficiencies in a marriage and how it effects and is effected by a right of passage the husband experiences from coward to fearless adult. The story takes place on an African safari with three main character
The History of DinosaursThe History of Dinosaurs The dinosaurs were reptiles that appeared about 230 million years ago. It\'s believed that they had scaly skin and some ate plants and others ate meat. Scientists don\'t know whether or not the dinosaurs were cold blooded, but they think the smaller ones were warm blooded, and the large ones were cold-blooded. In this report you\'ll learn about the earliest dinosaurs, the kinds of dinosaurs, and how the dinosaurs died. There are two main groups of the earliest dinosaurs:
Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway Ernest Hemingway sought to live as his characters did. He tried to experience first hand what it was like to be in danger, to test his courage in war, and to take great personal risks as no other writer had done before. At times it is hard to tell his stories apart from his life. Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1899 to parents Clarence Edmonds and Grace Hall Hemingway. As he grew up his father, a practicing doctor, taught him to hunt and fish. While his mothe
THE HOLCAUST, THE WAY IT WASTHE HOLCAUST, THE WAY IT WAS Definition of the Holocaust What does Webster\'s dictionary defines the Holocaust as? ho·lo·caust \'hO-l&-kost, \'hä- also -kästor\'ho-l&-kost noun 1 : a sacrifice consumed by fire, 2 : a thorough destruction especially by fire. (i.e. a nuclear holocaust) 3 a often cap. : the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II -- usually used with the b : a mass slaughter of people; especially genocide. Beyond the Definition Th
GreeceGreece This project was chosen for a number of reasons. One reason is the heritage of one member of our team. Another reason for choosing this particular project, is that we are both interested in the subject. We had some resources that may not have been available to most others in this class. This report will cover how this small country, with poor geography, little in the way of resources, and inadequate communications, became the most powerful empire of it\'s time. The mountains of Greece wer
THE LOST WORLDTHE LOST WORLD by Michael Crichton This story takes place six years after the Jurassic Park disaster. The book starts out with Ian Malcom giving a speach on his theory of extinction at a place called the Santa Fe Institute. As he\'s talking, a tall man stands up. His name is Richard Levine. He\'s a paleontologist, and he is fairly wealthy. He interrupts Ian to tell him that he doesn\'t think dinosaurs are really extinct. He believes there\'s a lost world on an island somewhere off Costa Rica. I
How We Evolved into Homo SapiensHow We Evolved into Homo Sapiens Uneducated people who believe in evolution have a pretty vague idea of what caused the human race to have the appearance it has today. There is more to the story of human evolution than saying that primitive monkeys somehow evolved into brutish Neanderthals, learned to use fire, made up a common language, and eventually became modern humans. It is a long story of species who endure set backs and breakthroughs in evolving for survival. The dawn of apes is recorded
5 Species of Rhinoceros5 Species of Rhinoceros There are only five species of rhinos that now exist. The rhinos are one of the endangered animals and are nearly extinct. There are Indian, Javan, Sumatran, African black, and African white. Don\'t you wonder why they are becoming extinct and people can\'t do much about it? Well, you will figure it out. Do you think you can easily control the rhinos? I\'m sure I can\'t because they are huge. Like the Indian rhinos, they can be up to 6 ft 4 in. high and 2 and half tons we
Committee: UN Environmental ProgramCountry: ChinaT Committee: UN Environmental ProgramCountry: ChinaTopic: Illicit Animal TradeStopping Illicit Animal TradeI. Topic BackgroundIllegal animal trading is the second largest problem, after habitat destruction, which has put specific species of animals such as amur leopard, bengal tiger, and many more in danger. The term that is commonly used for this illegal trade business is defined as poaching or illegal hunting and catching animals.This multi-million dollar, low risk, and illegal business is harv
Marisa Saravisky Marisa Saravisky Dr. J. Mahabir English 212 T/TH 9:30-10:45 Paper #1 In many of the texts, different individuals have specific roles and these roles are associ ated with certain concepts. These concept s can be seen in the City of God, Lil' Fellow the Musician, A Little Matter of Marriage, Person Who Bled Hearts Dry, and The Cutting of a Drink. The film, City of God , shows the darker side to one of the world's most well-known retreat cities, Rio de Janeiro. The City of God is approximately f
Louis Armstrong: From Childhood To AdulthoodLouis Armstrong: From Childhood To Adulthood Louis Armstrong: From Childhood to Adulthood When you think of Louis Armstrong you probably think of a jolly middle-aged man who can play the cornet like no one else, a man who had it all, a man who had the good life. Well, Louis was not always that lucky. From childhood to his adulthood, Louis Armstrong changed much as a person and a musician. He worked very hard to become what he became and did not let anything get in the way of becoming a musician.
Sea DogsSea Dogs The Sea Dogs... Puppets in a Political War by L. C. Adv. Eng. 3/4 11/12/96 Ms. M. Sea dogs of the 1500 and 1600’s worked for queen Elizabeth, robbing and pillaging the Spaniards. Over this period of 200 years many shipments of gold and treasure were stolen from Spanish ships while they were sailing from port to port on the Spanish main. In one attack the infamous Francis Drake, “...surprised and attacked a heavily laden string of 200 mules. The booty that Drake captured in this attack i
The Slave Trade and Its Effects on Early AmericaThe Slave Trade and Its Effects on Early America Slavery played an important role in the development of the American colonies. It was introduced to the colonies in 1619, and spanned until the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. The trading of slaves in America in the seventeenth century was a large industry. Slaves were captured from their homes in Africa, shipped to America under extremely poor conditions, and then sold to the highest bidder, put to work, and forced to live with the new conditio
AnthropologyAnthropology The Neanderthals lived in areas ranging from Western Europe through central Asia from about 200,000 to between 36,000 and 24,000 years ago. The Neanderthals lived in groups of 30 to 50 individuals, they invented many of the tool types that were to be perfected by fully sapient peoples, they had weapons adequate to deal with both the cave lion and cave bear, they used body paint, buried their dead. Neanderthal Man survived through the Ice Age. They are thought to have had fire. Neand
SwahiliSwahili The name Swahili derives from an Arabic word Swahili, the plural of sahel, which means coast. The Swahili are the descendants of the Arabs who came to the East African coast and intermarried with the Local Bantu-speakers. Arab traders sailed down to the coast on the north-east monsoon winds, between November and April, and sailed back up to south-west on the reverse monsoon winds, between June and October, already in pre-Islamic times. The coast, the land of Zenj to the Arabs, was inhabi
Swahiliswahili SWAHILI The name Swahili derives from an Arabic word Swahili, the plural of sahel, which means coast. The Swahili are the descendants of the Arabs who came to the East African coast and intermarried with the Local Bantu-speakers. Arab traders sailed down to the coast on the north-east monsoon winds, between November and April, and sailed back up to south-west on the reverse monsoon winds, between June and October, already in pre-Islamic times. The coast, the land of Zenj to the Arabs, wa
What Is Biodiversity?What Is Biodiversity? Biodiversity is the measure of variety of the Earth\'s animal, plant and microbial species; of genetic differences within species and of the ecosystems that support those species. The term first came to public attention in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit at which a convention for the preservation for the maintenance of biodiversity was signed by over 100 world leaders [excluding the USA as they feared it would undermine the patents and licences of US biotechnology companies] T
History Of WhalingHistory Of Whaling When seventeenth-century settlers brought their knowledge of the ancient European whaling industry to the shores of New England, they were not the first to hunt the great beasts. Native Americans who lived along the coasts of the continent used carcasses of dead whales that washed up on shore for food, oil, and they used the bone for making canoes to pursue whales that swam into shallow coastal waters. As the Mayflower sailed into Plymouth harbor in 1620, many whales swam near
JazzJazz Jazz has been an influence in many artist\'s work, from painting to other forms of music. Jazz is an American music form that was developed from African-American work songs. The white man began to imitate them in the 1920\'s and the music form caught on and became very popular. Two artists that were influenced by jazz were Jean-Michel Basquiat and Stuart Davis. The influence is quite evident in many of their works, such as Horn Players, by Basquiat, and Swing Landscape, by Davis. Stuart Dav
Another Salem Witch TrialsAnother Salem Witch Trials The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, which resulted in 19 executions, and 150 accusations of witchcraft, are one of the historical events almost everyone has heard of. They began when three young girls, Betty Parris, Abigail Williams and Ann Putnam began to have hysterical fits, after being discovered engaging in forbidden fortune-telling (not dancing naked in the woods) to learn what sorts of men they would marry. Betty\'s father, the Reverend Samuel Parris, called in
HistoryHistory In my paper the Democratic Candidates are Al Gore and Bill Bradley. They both have a lot of the same views on issues that have come out in the campaigning. For the Rebublicans it is George W. Bush and John McCain. Both of these guys have different views on their issues. The debates between these two men have really been heating up and it will be interesting to see the outcome of this election. But also on the other side of this the Democratic battle has also been a though one but I think
EritreaEritrea Term Paper Topic: Eritrea International business communication October 19, 2002 Guayaquil – Ecuador UEES Eritrea was given to Ethiopia in the year 1952 and they had a constant war until 1991, in 1993 there was a referendum that gave Eritrea their independence from Ethiopia. After this in 1998 a new war rose up between Eritrea and Ethiopia until the UN auspices in the year 2000 a peace treaty and a way to solve the limits on their territories. The attack prevented planting of crops in Eri
DementiaDementia What is Dementia ? Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimer\'s disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntington\'s disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimer\'s type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the
A Theory to Explain the Patterns of ActivityA Theory to Explain the Patterns of Activity Scientists now have a fairly good understanding of how the plates move and how such movements relate to earthquake activity. Most movement occurs along narrow zones between plates where the results of plate-tectonic forces are most evident. There are four types of plate boundaries: · Divergent boundaries -- where new crust is generated as the plates pull away from each other. · Convergent boundaries -- where crust is destroyed as one plate dives under
American MusicAmerican Music America holds a rich artistic background, expressively reflecting the circumstances and times of their place. Of these creative endeavors, the most cultural and uniquely American musical tradition is that of the art of Jazz. Jazz musicians are able to express themselves musically and expressively by telling a story, idea, or feeling through the infusion of complex rhythm and musical interface, which often comes so effortlessly and naturally to these musicians. Their instrument pro
EthopiaEthopia Italy found the area know as the Ethiopian highlands very appealing, as did most of the imperialist powers during the time of the rule of Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie. Since Italy had been late in the scramble for Africa, they had lost most of their opportunities to get some of this lush, green land. Rather, they were left with an area know as Eritrea, best described as a dry, desolate desert region. Even though Italy had signed the twenty-five year Treaty of Friendship with Ethiopia
AP Human Geography Outline AP Human Geography Outline Ch. 1 Thinking Geographically Key Issue 1: How do geographers describe where things are? Map- a two-dimensional model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it. Place- a specific point of Earth distinguished by a particular character. Region- an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features. Scale- the relationship between a map's distances and the actual distances on Earth. Space- the physical gap between two objects. Connect
The Causes And Effects Of World War IThe Causes And Effects Of World War I World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918. It began as a local European war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. It was transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty - eight of these nations, known as the Allies and the Associated Powers, and including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States,
IsraelIsrael Introduction p.1 I. Geography of Israel p.2 II. Population of Israel p.3 III. History of Israel p.4 IV. Government of Israel p.5,6 V. Religions of Israel p.7 Bibliography p.8 Introduction In the past few decades, atleast since 1948, no other country has been in the news more often or has gotten more international attention than Israel. First, Israel got attention because it was to be a refuge for the poor unfortunate Jewish people who survived the Holocaust. They would, once and for all,
Children in-between: constructing identities in thChildren in-between: constructing identities in the bicultural family. March 1999 v5 i1 p13(1) While transnational movement and migrancy are not new fields of inquiry for anthropology, the experiences of children from inter-cultural marriage, as a part of these processes, have rarely been discussed. In this context, competing cultural ideas of childhood and child-raising are tackled in the intimacy of the domestic home and family life. Ethnographic evidence from families where there is a parent
InsectsInsects There are more than 750,000 different insects, making up almost three-quarters of the animal species. Insects are considered the most successful group in the whole animal kingdom. Most of their success is based on the characteristic structure that they share with all other arthropods. There are three characteristics that include: exoskeletons, segmented bodies, and jointed appendages. Another reason why insects are so successful is because most insects are small and therefore have ada
BASEBALLBASEBALL Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball, the rules and realities of the game, wrote American author and historian Jacques Barzun. Baseball has been called America\'s national pastime, and for more than 150 years people of all ages have enjoyed playing or watching the game all over the world. Every year more than 70 million spectators attend games played by the major league teams in North America and by professional teams around the world, especial
Women In SlaveryWomen In Slavery The Perils of Slavery A recurring theme in, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, is Harriet Jacobs’s reflections on what slavery meant to her as well as all women in bondage. Continuously, Jacobs expresses her deep hatred of slavery, and all of its implications. She dreads such an institution so much that she sometimes regards death as a better alternative than a life in bondage. For Harriet, slavery was different than many African Americans. She did not spend her life harvest
The True Story of a Black Youth's Coming of Age inThe True Story of a Black Youth\'s Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa Mark Mathabane I. Main Characters A. Johannes (Mark) Mathabane--Kaffir Boy revolves around Johannes for the simple reason that he is the author of this book. Growing up in Johannesburg, South Africa was especially hard for Johannes. Johannes is very smart and graduated at the top of his class during his 13 years of schooling in apartheid South Africa. Johannes has had a lot of courage and perseverance throughout his life.