EnneagramThe origin of the Enneagram is a bit mysterious (and still the subject of substantial debate). The Enneagram derived from a group called the Sufis, who are a mystical offshoot of Muslims that follow various pagan spiritualities. A Greek man named Georges Gurdjieff, was interested in the meaning of life and traveled around North Africa and Asia learning various spiritual traditions. Allegedly, one of these was called “The Work” which supposedly had been passed down from pupil to teacher for thousands of years. The Work made such an impression on Gurdjieff that he made it his life mission to teach it to the western world. The evolution of “The Work” into the Enneagram of today is attributed to a Chilean named Oscar Ichazo who in the 1960s developed a theory of nine personality types corresponding to the nine points of the Enneagram. Ichazo taught his system to a Chilean psychologist named Cladio Naranjo. Naranjo reframed the Enneagram into the language of modern western psychology and taught his system (called the Enneagram of Fixations) in America during the 1970s. In the 1980s, Naranjo's Enneagram of Fixations was popularized as a psychological profiling system by authors Helen Palmer and Don Richard Riso. Today, the Enneagram is widely used, in this form, in clinical psychology and corporate America and is also very popular among Jesuit and Catholic priests.
1. The Reformer is principled, purposeful, self-controlled, and perfectionistic


2. The Helper is generous, demonstrative, people pleasing, and possessive


4. The Achiever is adaptable, ambitious, image-conscious, and arrogant


5. The Individualist is expressive, romantic, withholding, and temperamental


6. The investigator is innovative, cerebral, detached, and provocative.


6 The Loyalist is reliable, committed, defensive, and suspicious


7.The Enthusiast is spontaneous, versatile, distractible, and excessive


8. The Challenger is self-confident, decisive, dominating, and confrontational

9. The Peacemaker is reassuring, agreeable, disengaged, and stubborn
Once you locate yourself on the Enneagram and gain some insight about your basic type, the next task is to look at how you are influenced by your neighbors on the circle. There are no pure types. Everyone has a little of another personality trait also known as wings. This is good news. It frees us to look at the complexity of our lives and truly gets us "out of the box." All of us are a combination of types even though we live from one primary orientation.


Any type on the Enneagram has two neighbors, which are the numbers on either side of it. In Enneagram language these neighbors are referred to as wings. Your neighbors or wings have an influence on your personality type. Each person is a certain primary type that is flavored by one or both neighbors.


An arrow moves away from one type and leads to another. Think of this "away" arrow as representing the easy, natural, downhill course of action. It is the natural thing to do and occurs most often when a person is under stress. It is called the direction of disintegration because it is usually has a negative impact on the self and others. When you follow this direction then you move to the lower level functioning of that personality style. You exhibit the negative features of that type and as a result it intensifies your own problems.


The arrow that comes toward a type from another is the direction of integration. It constitutes positive and grateful action. Think of this "towards" arrow as representing an arduous, uphill climb to reach a goal at the mountain top. It is difficult to do but enables growth. If you follow this arrow it takes you to the highest qualities of another type and helps you move towards becoming more complete.


In Triads is broken down into three categories, the first categories is the feeling group personality two, three, and four fit in. These personality traits are concerned with people in their surroundings (focus in one on one). They focus on motion and emotion. Twos focus outward to the feelings of others (empathy). Fours explore their own psyche, down and inward. Threes avoid their own and others feelings so they can get the job done.


The next group the mental group that deals with five, six, and seven put their trust in ideas. The like to find solutions that enlighten the whole world (focus is on all people). Concepts and