Einstein: Visionary Scientist
English 10-A


5/12/2003


Einstein: Visionary Scientist is a look into the acclaimed physicists like and work. It tells about Albert, his wife Mileva and some of their troubles. The book was written to show insight into the life of this genius. His work was a great addition to the progressive era, which later lead to the development of the atomic bomb and even now is the basis of much scientific research.


This book starts with the younger years of Einstein’s life, which shows that Albert wasn’t always the mastermind, which he was later in life. Albert was the slowest in his elementary school. His own principal told his parents that the boy shouldn’t even worry about a career later in life because he would never be able to succeed in anything he tried at.


In his high school career, Einstein excelled in all fields of math and science. He was also very gifted in Latin. Albert’s family had a medical student by the name of Max Tamely who came to dinner at the Einstein’s every Thursday. Albert and Max grew to be good friends even though there was an age difference of 10 years. Tamely often brought Albert books on math and science. Max recommended a book on philosophy called, “A Critique of Pure Reason.” 12-year-old Albert understood this book, which was difficult for many students in graduate school, with no difficulty. Albert had there after started to devote his life to learning higher mathematics and philosophy.


While Albert attended the institute Eidegenossische Technische Hochschule, or ETH, he had begun to become close with a girl by the name of Mileva Maric. Albert fell in love with her because they both shared the same interests in math and science. Albert’s mother did not approve of the relationship. On July 28, 1900, Einstein received his diploma from the board of examiners at ETH, but Mileva did not. Albert asked Mileva to marry her, she accepted but when Einstein’s mother heard about it, she through herself onto the bed and wept into a pillow.


On June 16, 1902, Albert received the exciting news that a week lated her was to begin work at the patent office as a technical expert third class. Two years before he would hve scorned such a nonacademic job, but now it meant survival. It was also a major turning point in Einstein’s life.


Albert began to write many essays and explanations of many questions but the paper that would change our understanding of the universe was: On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies,” better known as the special theory of relativity. All of his theories were very complex. Thousands of books and essays have been written to explain them for scientists as well as non-scientists.


Arthur Eddington, a British astronomer, organized two expeditions to photograph starlight during an eclipse of the sun in May 1919. The purpose of both trips was to prove one of Einstein’s predictions in his theory of general relativity. One group went to northern Brazil. The other went to an island off the coast of West Africa. Clouds forced Eddington to return with only one clear picture out of the sixteen glass-plate photographs taken. The first ones from Brazil were not much better, but the last seven exposures, along with Eddington’s one, confirmed that Einstein’s theory was right. Starlight did bend while passing the sun.


In 1924, much of his work focused on quantum theory. A young physicist by the name Satyenda Bose of Dacca University in India had sent Einstein a paper explaining a new way of arriving at Planck’s equation by thinking of photons, or units of light, as particles. Einstein reasoned that if this was so, then the reverse was also true. Light particles could be described in terms of waves. By 1925, he had completed a paper describing the wave-particle nature of light. He credited a French graduate named Louis de Broglie, who the year before had written a Ph. D. thesis in which he arrived at the same description by a totally different method. De Broglie is now considered the father of the concept of the dual nature of light, but no one would have heard of either de Broglie or Bose if they had not been publicized through Einstein’s