Ecosystems Of The World

The World
Q1. A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment.


Q2. A biome is major local or global biotic community, such as a grassland or desert, characterized mainly by the main forms of plant life and the existing climate.


Q3. The relationship that an ecosystem has with the equator is that the closer to the ecosystem is to the equator the hotter the climate and the more rainfall that that ecosystem will get so generally near the equator are tropical rainforests and the further away the more temperate the climate will get.


Animal And Plant Adaptations


Q4. A change or adjustment in structure or habits often inherited by which a species or individual improves its condition in relationship to its surroundings.


Q6. The four different biomes that I chose to describe are the tropical rainforest, temperate rainforest, temperate grassland, and boreal forest.


Tropical rainforest: - Cissampelos Pareira (common name Abuta)


Temperate rainforest: - Cenarrhenes Nitida (common name Native plum)


Temperate grassland: - Lolium Temulentum (common name ryegrass)


Boreal forest: - Pinus Strobes (common name Eastern White Pine)


Q7.


Cissampelos Pareira: - this plant is a vine and an adaptation to the high canopy of the Tropical rainforest it needs to be able to get up high to reach the sunlight.


Cenarrhenes Nitida: - this plant frequently fruits to spread its seeds and has thick waxy leaves to protect its self from predators.


Lolium Temulentum: - this plant is a vine with thick waxy leaves and hooked barbs that hook in to other trees.


Pinus Strobes: - this plant releases its seeds from a cone about 7 inches long and has thin needle like leaves.

Australia
Q9.A) 3 animals that I chose that live in a coral reef ecosystem are


The clown fish has adapted to living in the tentacles of the anemones so that no predators are able to get to them.


The coral has built up over millions of years creating its own habitat.


And the coral now has adapted to the rising temperatures of the sea that caused the coral bleaching and the coral bleaching has now come to a slow stop.


3 animals that I chose that live in a desert ecosystem are


The rabbit has adapted to living in the desert buy burrowing under the ground to escape the heat of the day and to conserve their energy and lower the amount of water that they eat.


The bandy coot has adapted like the rabbit buy burrowing under the ground to escape the scorching heat during the day only coming out during the night to feed on insects.


The thorny devil has adapted to the desert ecosystem buy using its spikes on its back that in the cool night collect dew then travels down small channels in its back that lead the dragons mouth.

Victoria
Q11.A) Mountain Pygmy-Possums, Alpine mint bushes (Prostanthera cuneata)


B) The pygmy-possums burrows under the snow during winter and uses the snow as sort of a doona keeping the temperature in the burrow at 2 during the winter.


The Alpine mint bushes are deciduae and loose all their leaves and stop growing like hibernation under the snow of winter.

The impact of European settlementVictoria
Q14. The difference between an extinct species and a endangered species is that an extinct species no longer has a population of animals and an endangered species has a depleted range of what it once was and may be about to become extinct.


B) An example of an extinct vertebrate and an endangered vertebrate is


An endangered vertebrate: - the helmeted honeyeater


An extinct vertebrate: - Toolache Wallaby

The resources that I used for this assignment were
http://www.borealforest.org/


http://www.biodiversity.uno.edu/


http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/


http://www.forestrytas.com.au/


http://www.cana.net.au/


http://www.invasive.org/


http://www.parks.taz.gov.au/