Dickinson, "Pain Has An Element Of Blank..."

Although cryptic in language and structure, Dickinson gives her work an
instinctually vivid sense of emotion. Her examination of the feeling of
pain focuses in on only a few of the subtler nuances of pain that are
integral parts of the experience. She draws in on an "Element of Blank"
that she introduces in her opening line. In exploring pain, she proposes
that this "blankness" is a self-propagating force that is subject to the
dynamic forces of time, history and perception, but only to an extent.
Her first mention of "Pain" in the first line does not distinguish this
particular emotion as being of a particular brand of pain. She substitutes
no other words for "pain." By suggesting no other words for "pain," she
chooses the most semantically encompassing term for the emotion. She thus
gives her work the responsibility of examining the collective, general
breadth of "pain." Her alternatives offer connotations that color her usage
of "Pain": the sense of loss in "grief" and "mourning" or the sense of pity
in "anguish" and "suffering." She chooses the lexical vagueness of "Pain"
to embrace all these facets of the emotion.

In introducing the "Element of Blank," it becomes the context that she thus
examines pain. The exact context of "Blank" possesses a vagueness that
suggests its own inadequacy of solid definition. Perhaps this sense of
indefinition is the impression that this usage of "Blank" is meant to
inspire. In this context, this "blankness" is suggestive of a quality of
empty unknowingness that is supported by the next few lines: "It cannot
recollect When it begun." This inability to remember raises a major problem
with respect to the nature of "Pain;" namely whether Dickinson is choosing
to personify "Pain" by giving it a human quality like memory, or is in fact
negating the humanity of making it unable to remember. Several lines below,
she suggests that "Pain" does in fact possess some sort of limited sentient
ability in recognizing "Its Past — enlightened to perceive." It is very
possible that it is the "Pain" that is being enlightened or perceiving.
These conscious acts of giving "Pain" some sort of capacity of awareness
personify "Pain" to some extent.

In continuation of "Pain’s" inability to remember, She proceeds, "It cannot
recollect When it begun — or if there were A time when it was not."
"Pain’s" inability to recollect further personifies it by also making it
subject to the human ability to forget. Dickinson thus not only personifies
"Pain," but makes it subject to the advance of time. This temporal
placement of "Pain", establishes "Pain" within the context of the
progression of time by giving it a Past, a Future, and presumably, a
Present. Although she places "Pain" within the context of time, she
indicates it is not limited by time. "Pain’s" inability to remember its own
origins strongly suggests an extreme span of time since its inception. This
coupled with Dickinson’s claim that "It has no Future — but itself," and
that "Its Infinite contain Its Past" indicates some connection with the
eternal. Here, the "Infinite" suggests not only the infinite sense of
eternity, but a more spatial sense of the cosmos and the universality of the
experience of "Pain."

This use of the future also serves the notion that "Pain" leads to more
"Pain," continuing in Dickinson’s reference to "Its Past — enlightened to
perceive New Periods — of Pain." In this one stanza, she invokes the future
and the past, maintaining that both are key to a cyclicality, where the
"Pain" of the past, gives rise to the "Pain" of the present and future.
That "Pain" contains an "Infinite" within itself supports this notion of
"Pain" being cyclical, as it can thus remain dynamic yet eternal. That it
is "enlightened to perceive New Periods" of the sensation of "Pain" suggests
that a mechanism of this self-propagation involves the acknowledgement of
past periods of "Pain." The "enlightenment" thus becomes some sort of
impetus for the propagation of the "Pain" experience as it continues from
the past into the future.

To highlight this sense of cyclicality, Dickinson completes the poem with
the first word: "Pain." She completes the cycle of her poem in its
reiteration, giving it closure, but at the same time, reconnecting it back
to its beginning. In doing so, she almost invites the reader to reread the
poem, drawing the reader back in to reconsider her meaning. In much the
same way, it is this reexamination that "Its Past — enlightened" suggests.
Enlightenment comes from some degree of analysis, and is therefore related