Depressive Disorder during Adolescence


For many years the issue of depressive disorder has concerned many psychologists who have been searching the main reasons why young adult suffer from major depressive disorder. Epidemiological studies argued that the stage of adolescence has more probabilities to acquire major depression disorder (MDD) and approach adult levels. Psychologists have been concerned in the consequences of depressive adolescences after they become adults. Through many studies psychologist have found that the depressive adolescences present deficits in adulthood, problems as social difficulties, labor function, relationship difficulties, and criminal arrests. Studies suggest that one of the principal causes of adolescence depression is the interference of third variable between adolescence depression and adult behavior. In this journal article the author purpose is to inform the audience by research studies how depressive disorder affects adolescences how prevent MDD in adolescences.


Childhood is one of the most important periods in the life of a child. Many studies shows that conduct disorders happen in childhood. These disorders bring negative consequences such as early pregnancy, adult antisocial behavior, issues related in crime,


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sexual abuse, and early mortality. In addition, more recent studies on internalizing disorders have found that internalizing problems also can generate disorder problems in young adulthood. The author examined why adolescence is associated with young adult functioning and the consequences of that disorder. A total of 941 participants were assessed twice during adolescence and at age of 24.


Psychologists have found four essentially alternative explanations that could be associated with adolescence disorder and social problems related in adulthood. The first factor is the impact of severity depression in adolescences, this happens when the adolescence suffers harsh disorders in his/her conduct. These people became criminals with elevated suicide attempt rates, and social deficits in adulthood. A second alternative explanation is that most of the adolescences experience the occurrence of another mental disorder as adults. However, psychology has found that depressive adolescence and adults developed some effects that were not appeared in the beginning of the event. After a survey research, Participants with major disorder during adolescence and mental disorder during adulthood were account with the association between MDD adolescences and adult social functioning.


Study researches shows that depressive symptoms are associated with psychosocial injury. In this article the author used from the Oregon Adolescence Depression Project (OADP). Through the data many participant were evaluate in adolescence and young adults, to examine the participants who presented major depressive disorders in the adolescences that are related with adulthood functioning; and participants who do not experience major MDD in the adolescence. Psychologists


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analyzed and examined the consequences of MDD previous the age of 19. They found that the participant who were depress and experienced MDD, were more likely to developed MDD between the age of 19 and 23. Participants who experienced MDD in young adulthood have singular characteristics such as elevated depressive symptoms, excessive emotional reliance on other, and lower social competence, on the other hand, adolescence who present MDD episode have characteristics such as longer duration, multiples episodes, severity, and history of suicide attempt; these adolescences have a high percent of their family who also suffer MDD.


Master and Cutis describes numerous models to describe the association between competence and psychopathology. Although the current study do not focuses in testing this kind of method. In this article, Young adult psychosocial functioning (YAPF) is vastly defined to include many different measures such as academic and occupational performance, marital and parenting status, income level, quality of relations with family and peers, adversity, life satisfaction, metal health utilization, and general physical health. While YAPF encompasses many different aspects in terms of measures, great emphasis is stressed in adversity and the different types of stressors it comprises. The authors point out the impact of demographic factor through their analyses. Adolescence comparison groups such as OADP participants with MDD were more probable to be female’s adolescence, had less educated parents, and were less likely to live with both biological parents in high school. The authors give significant association between depression and females; they also explain the levels of depression in women compare with males and how this association can affects their lives with psychological maladjustment.


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The method used by researchers was an intensive effort to collect a