The Deer
The deer has been around as long as man can remember. It has always been in
North and South America, and not that long ago was brought to Europe. The deer has
been hunted for centuries by Stone Age man, American Indians, and now modern day
hunters. The weapons used to hunt deer have changed as time goes on. They were
hunted with rocks by Stone Age man, with spears and hand crafted bow and arrows by
the Indians, with guns and still today the bow and arrow by modern day hunters. The
purpose of my paper is to discuss the types of deer in the world today, what habitat they
live in, their instincts or habits, the over population of the whitetail deer in the United
States, and the large sport of hunting deer.
Their are three major types of deer in the world today. There is the whitetail deer,
mule deer, and blacktail deer. The whitetail is the most popular of the three. The
whitetail deer is broken up into many different species. The northwestern whitetail,
Texas whitetail, northeastern whitetail, southeastern whitetail, Coues whitetail, Mexican
whitetail, and the Key whitetail are all the species in the America’s today. the mule deer
is only broken into two different species. The Rocky Mountain mule deer and the desert
mule deer are the two species. The blacktail deer is broken into two species also. There
is the Sitka blacktail and the Columbia blacktail (Lawrence 60-62).
Deer can live and flourish in just about any habitat. They are the only large animal
that lives every where in North America. Deer live in most of Central America and in
many parts of South America. The whitetail deer inhabits Central America, Mexico, all
the U.S. except Alaska and Hawaii, southern Canada, and South America. Recently
have been brought to Europe, the West Indies, and New Zealand. The mule deer lives
in southwestern Canada, twenty two U.S. states, northwestern Coahuila,
northern Chihuahua, northern Sonora, Texas, Arizona, northern Mexico, and southern
California. The blacktail deer mainly inhabits the Pacific Coast. It lives between
southwestern Alaska and southern California. In the north the blacktail lives in
Vancouver, British Colombia, islands of Queen Charlotte, and have been brought to the
islands in Prince William Sound. Towards the south the blacktail lives in California and
at the turn of the century were brought to Hawaii (Lawrence 60-62).
Deer like all animals have instincts or habits. Most deer, no matter where they live
have the same instincts. For example all deer in the northern hemisphere breed in
November. This breeding period is called the rut. During the rut the only thing deer are
thinking about is breeding. They pay no attention to cars on the road and that is why at
this time more than fifty percent of deer that get hit in a year get hit during the rut. While
the rut is going on in November all the bucks are checking out all the doe to see if they
meet their standards. Bucks are also showing of to the does by flaunting his rack and
fighting and defeating other bucks to show their superiority ( Most
all bucks are dominate and aggressive animals. There are a few older ones who do not
have any desire to fight. Instead of fighting they hide all day. Between August and
October is when deer shed their velvet. During this time bucks hang around with each
other. They spar for fun with each other. they stay friendly with each other till the rut
(Ingram 49-51). Just about all deer have the same eating habits. Deer eat mainly
between sundown and sunrise. Almost never will you see a deer go and eat in a field in
brood daylight. They eat in the fields at night but never during the day. During the day,
when they occasionally they’ll eat close and around the fields where they can feel safe
and still get good crops. When the sun starts to come up they head back to their
bedding areas. On their way back to their bedding areas, or whatever movement they do
during the day they follow tree, fence, and creek lines. Deer that live adjacent big farms
with fields get to know farm machines, but split as soon as they see different vehicles.
Deer usually sleep during the day and do as much as possible at night when they feel
safer(Murray 44). When it snows deer move around without worry because snow makes
the woods or fields quiet, so its easier to hear things.