Clients often come to counselors to change their lives in some way, such as
to become more assertive. As likely, clients seek counseling as a result of
some change, prehaps a death or different working conditions. Clients ofren find
themselves in the midsyt of some change they do not understand or over which
they have little control. In its most general form, counseling provides a
context for such change. How to evplain any change, how to assess its direction
or to predictg irs effects, and how to understand the meaning any change may
have for the client are questions the effective counselor must ask.
The counselor relies on the concepts of human development to assess the
client\'s level of functioning and uses different developmental theories as
lenses through which to view the client. The professional counselor appreciates
that people are different but users knowledge of developmental theory to
understand these differences within the context of a universal human process.
Because so much of their work involves making decisions related to human
development, counselors need to understand the assumptions upon which such
decisions are made. Counselors need to understand all developmental theories
and how these theories are applied to counseling to be effective.

Category: English