Control of Reality for the Masses (Specific Analysis of alter


3 KEY POINTS:

1. The Party Controls History
2. The Party Controls the Conditions of Human Psychology
3. The Party Controls god.

How The Party Controls Reality:

How does the party controls history?
How does it affect the present?
How does scarcity affect human psychology?
What role does Big Brother play?


































Outline:

Introduction: State Topics: The Party Controls Reality to control the people
It controls History, Psychology and god.

Paragraph 1: History: Explain Revisionism
Its Process
How it affects the present

Paragraph 2: Psychology: Artificial Scarcity: Affects human behavior
Maslow Theory of Human behavior

Paragraph 3: God: Big Brother has taken the place of God: Omnipotent and Omniscient, and under the control of the party
































The Control of Reality for Control of the Masses


Among the many themes express in the novel 1984 by George Orwell the most interesting and frightening is the concept of creating an alternative reality to control a mass population. The Inner Party stays in power by shaping the thoughts and opinions of the masses and it does this by creating a reality where everything suits whatever it is the party needs to be believed. This is accomplished in three ways. The first is revisionism or the act of changing facts such as history so that the Party is always made to look good and mobilize popular opinion against its enemies. The second way the party creates an artificial reality is through artificial scarcity. There is no need for the constant warfare but if the need no longer existed for the construction of the tools of war that productivity would instead be put towards the manufacture of goods which could actually raise the standard of living. Finally the Inner Party controls the masses by creating an all powerful omnipotent being whom they control and can say or order whatever it is they need.

Much of the success in creating the Parties artificial reality and thus controlling the people was due to the Parties ability to control history through a process called revisionism. This work is done in the Ministry of Truth, in the Records section, were Winston is engaged. Daily, people like Winston, destroy old documents and create new ones to cover policy changes. In addition, everything printed before 1960 has been destroyed by the Party. A good example of this is the work which Winston has to do in the Minitru one day. His order in Newspeak reads: "time e.12.83 reporting bb dayorder doubleplusungood refs unpersons rewrite fullwise upsub antefiling." (46) in Oldspeak: "The reporting of Big Brother\'s Order for the day in the Times of December 3rd 1983 is extremely unsatisfactory and makes references to non-existent persons. Re-write in full and submit your draft to higher authority before filing." (47) A former higher Inner Party hero, praised in one of Big Brother\'s speeches, has mysteriously fallen out of favor, and has probably been vaporized. It is not enough that the Thought Police has made him disappear. He must be removed from the records. According to the Party he has never existed - he is an Unperson.

This process of continuous alteration is applied not only to newspapers, but also to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets, films, sound-tracks, cartoons, photographs- to every kind of literature or documentation which might hold any political or ideological significance. In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence. All speeches, statistics and records of every kind must be constantly brought up-to-date in order to show that the predictions of the Party were in all cases right. With no past to compare things with, everybody is satisfied with present-day conditions. Changing the records maintains the infallibility of the Party and the Big Brother, removing facts from the records and any hint that the Party was ever wrong about anything. By controlling the past, the Party controls the present and thus the reality of the present. The past exists only in the written records and memories controlled both by the Party. This is the explanation for the last slogan of the Party: "Ignorance Is Strength". Which means that the Party keeps the citizens ignorant by constantly changing the truth and reality, and destroying all data that could prove the situation otherwise.

The Inner Party’s power to create an artificial reality is