Conservatism


CONSERVATISM... 2


Theorizing about Conservative Ideology.. 2


Development of Conservatism during 20th Century.. 3


Kinds of Conservatism.. 3


Conservatism in Turkey.. 4


Conservative Policies. 4


Conservatism is support the constrained governmental power 4


Conservatism feeds the democratic culture. 5


Conservatism support free market 5


The Relation between Conservatism and Liberalism.. 6


Conservative Democrats.. 6


Islam and Democracy, together?. 6


CONSERVATISM
Theorizing about Conservative Ideology






“The mere intention to spin out at a theory of conservatism is somehow an unconservative impulse...[1]”


When you have pessimistic view to change and when you protect your life style and when you prevent the changes in your life these all means you are influenced by conservatism consciousness or no consciousness.


Conservatism was stated during the French Revolution. The new radical powers, during the French Revolution, desired to industrialize the economy but some other intellectuals tried to prevent these new flows. Thus “‘Conservatism’ was first used to describe a distinctive political position or ideology in the early 19th century[2]”


“Consideration of conservative thought, however, may query whether conservatives escape the features of that very definition of ideology.


But even were conservatism to seek shelter outside the family of total and comprehensive ideologies, it could not escape categorization within the approach which these pages have advanced, namely, that of presenting ideology as a structural configuration of political concepts-the inevitable accompaniment to entertaining ideas about the political world. On that understanding, to allege that conservatives do not have an ideology is a particularly offensive insinuation, since it implies that they are incapable of thinking about politics in a way that can be analyzed or understood by even the rawest of observes or scholars.[3]”


The development of conservatism caused a difference show itself in the political perspective. The politics became harsh and as a result it essentially determined power in terms of world politics.


Development of Conservatism during 20th Century
In the earliest 80s at the US and UK the conservative parties used reformist ideas which were new concepts for conservatism. In the lead of Thatcher, the Conservative Party’s winning in the election caused a flow that influence the US and the whole continent of Europe and increased its effect and influenced rest of the world.


Thatcher was unconventional conservative; her prescience was not compromising with other conservatives. She tried to prevent state interaction, and tried to canceling nationalizing policy, and stopped the policy of Welfare State and applied the hard financial policy and she broke down the power of unions[4].


Kinds of Conservatism
Some flows named itself in the framework of conservatism thus in this period new flows became adjectives to conservatism such traditional, liberal, classical, neo-. Each concept varies at each country.


The distinction between new volumes and old volumes were depended on as a result of not only socio-cultural structure but also the basic understandings.


The socio-cultural tradition of the US is liberalism. The US conservatives state their consideration to constitutional democracy and market economy[5]. So the US conservatism is liberal conservatism. The US conservatism emphasizes on local authorities, communitarianism, and the religious values[6]


The English conservatism emphasizes on central authority especially the legislation, the virtue of secular society[7]. The English conservatism was affected positively during the 70s radical movement’s failure therefore the new trend was tolerance to other ideas.


Conservatism in Turkey
The right parties were binding over the development of conservatism. The progress of conservatism is interrelated with nationalists and religious people in Turkey[8]. The first representatives’ believe in common property. They were supporter of modernizing although they, who believed in change paradigm, were not the foreign to national culture[9]. They assisted Turkish people to identify themselves with conservatisms at right.


Nationalism is a notion that bring patriotism with itself so that each conservatives known as patriot in the public minds.


First representatives prefer to reference thin line between Islamism and local and national values rather than absolute one notion. Despite the first representatives the resources of the debates are especially around the religion and democracy. They notice the line was so important so they tried to not come near more than the other one.


Conservative Policies
Conservatism is support the constrained governmental power
Conservatism, which accommodates different understandings never, loses its affects. Conservatism has basic parameters and criteria.


The limitation of governmental power is a progressed solution against to repressive governments. The meaning of constrained government is protecting the differentiation between public sphere and private sphere[10]. In the light