conquist of Mexico by Hernan Cortez







A child rebels against his father, because he thinks that his father\'s rules
are unjust; he thinks that if he rebels then maybe his father will change those
rules. Rebellion may manifest itself itself in many ways: the child may refusr
to eat, do his homework or even throw a temper tanturium. Some historians have
argued that the above situtation was very similar to the latin amerian uprising
against the spainish crown. Although spain thought of the colonies as little
sons, in need protection from revolutionary ideas. However, the sourceof
rebellious grievances differed greatly in each region of the new empire. The
origins and manifsetatins of these grivences can be traced back to the
pre-Columbian rulers in each region: the Aztecs, in what is now Mexico and
Central America; the Incas in the Andean region of South America. These pre-
Columbian rulers lefy an imprint or lack there of on the people of their region;
thus, shaping the indigenous society. Societies that would later rise up against
the outside authority; either trying to replace it with the old Inca regeim, or
they considerd it weak and needed a new central governement.

Frist let us look at the conquist of Mexico by Hernan Cortez. Mexico and the
Yucatan penisular was ruled by the Aztecs. The Aztecs rule was compromised by
the arrival of the spainish. Cortez and his men were seen as Gods, who returned
to save the poor from the tyrannical hands if the Aztecs. The pre-columbina
civilaization was centralized around the war god, Huitzilapochli, which meant
they were constanly at war and the central system was in unrest. The Aztecs
forced upon the people of Mexico, unfair trading practice, forced taxation and
more importantly human scacrafice. They expaned their territories not only
ursurp more and land from the people, but also to scarfice hundreds of people to
their god. This relentess effort to expand their empire was viewed by the people
of Mexico as barbaric and tyrannical. So when Cortez came riding into Mexico on
white horses, promising to overthrow the tyrananicals overlords. The gente
corriente cheered and reviered the Spainish as their saviors, and embraced the
Spainish rule. However, this was not the case in Peru with the Incas.

The Andean rulers although expaned their empire by military means, they were
more widely accepted amoung the people of Peru. The Incas has a very organized
structure of power, that appealed to the people at every level. Unlike their
Mexican counterparts, the Incas did not iradicate the local governmenrt. The
people were allowed to continue their ouwn religious practiced. The social
pymrid now consisted of the Inca at the veru top, followed by the ethnic chiefs,
the ayllus and lastly the families. The close knit infrastructure made
aslimilatin into the Inca society much easier. The people enjoyed the stability
and advanced technology of their new ruler; however, never were their orginail
sense of community ever in danger. The Inca\'s legitmization of the orginial
community help tie the people to the old Inca way of living. After Pizarro\'s
conquest, this communal tie to the Inca fostered rebellions as earlier as the
sixteenth century. The Andean people wanted to return to what they viewed as the
golden age of the Incas. The important question, however, is how did these
differences were the bases of future rebellions?

In the rebellion in Mexico, such as Chipas and the rural rebellions, one can
find common elements between the two Mexican rebellions. The rural rebellions in
Mexico are characterieistics as being spontaneuous, never having a distant
leader. More importantly, they were small and short lived, never spreading
outside the community. These characterisitics are traced back tot eh communities
ruled by the Aztecs. These communities in central and southern Mexico were
fragmented; there was not a common lanuage nor any power ethnic authorities,
plus the tribes were a lot smaller. The Mexican tribes were seen as small
communities, thrown together under one crown. These characteristics would
manifest themselves later in key Mexican rebellions, which will be explored
later in this essay.

As to Peru, it was based more upon a stable system of intergration into the
ruling society. The constant desire by the people to return to the Inca system
is based upon the highy accepted structure of Inca society. The Andean people\'s
beief in community and its leadership played a major role in future rebellions.
Both, the Taki Ongoy and Tupac Amaru rebellions tried to replace Spainsh rule
with the Inca. The people saw the Inca as a source of stability and prosperity,
and wanted to erase the spainish and form a