This essay COMPASSION FOR THE SOULS WHO INHABIT HELL has a total of 738 words and 4 pages.
"COMPASSION FOR THE SOULS WHO INHABIT HELL"
Dante\'s Inferno is a 14th- century poem that seems calculated to cause the greatest possible pain to a 20th-century humanist, or to anyone who is attracted to Christianity because of its compassion and belief in the possibility of redemption. The God of the Inferno has precious little compassion and no forgiveness. He was the God who not only turned a blind eye to Belsen, but also exercised great ingenuity in constructing His own blood-chilling concentration camp, where sinners should suffer, not only during their brief lives, but for all eternity.
What is particular about Dante\'s God is that He consigns sinners to their particular circle in Hell according to an immutable tariff of offences. No attention is paid to mitigating circumstances, or the idea of doing justice to the individual soul before the Divine Court. Hell, in short, was made on exactly the lines that the present Home Secretary would wish to impose on our present sentencing system.
How do we reconcile the enjoyment of a great poem with what must seem, to many of us today, a repellent theology? Ulysses may best capture our own views in his speech to his sailors. He celebrates the dignity of man and says: "You were not bornto live as a mere brute does/ But for the pursuit of knowledge and the good". But such sensible humanism is, apparently, no better than the excuses of the gluttons and the adulterers. Ulysses is condemned as a thief and must suffer in Hell.
In an admirable Preface to Robert Pinsky\'s translation, John Freccero deals with past attempts to enjoy the poem without revulsion. Coleridge advised us to "suspend disbelief" and enjoy the poetry without accepting the theology. Erich Auerbach suggested we separate "Dante\'s didactic intent from his power of representation", and held that the reality of the condemned characters overwhelmed their allegorical meaning. Perhaps we should simply remember how Dante suffered from the ruthless power-seeking and political intrigue in Florence and take Hell as an accurate picture of politics today.
George Steiner, the distinguished critic and polymath, has suggested in his
book In Bluebeard\'s Castle that the Holocaust is the Christian idea of hell made real and that the most knowledgeable guide to the camps is actually Dante.
Robert Pinsky, the recently appointed poet laureate of the United States, was asked to comment on this notion in an interview in The Forward that marked the publication of the poet\'s acclaimed translation of Dante\'s Inferno.
"In magnitude, in challenge to the imagination, in
degree of horror, in terrifying questions it raises, that\'s an appropriate
analogy. But we must never forget the defect of the analogy. Souls are
assigned in the Inferno according to a system of justice; souls were
assigned in the camps according to a system of injustice."
Of all the concentration camps in the Nazis\' vast empire, the one that
perhaps most clearly resembled Dante\'s Hell was Dora, the underground camp composed of a series of massive tunnels actually built into the side of a mountain, where the V-1 and V-2 rockets were manufactured through the most horrific use of slave labor in all of the Reich. There were many Jews among them, but the prisoners represented a cross- section of all the nationalities and religions in Europe. In these camps sadism exercised without constraint. The prisoners were exposed to extremes of suffering, constant physical misery and sickness, all of it aggravated by a starvation diet. There was a conspicuous gallows where inmates were hanged, usually for suspected sabotaging of the missile parts, but often just for the sport of the SS men. The other inmates were forced to watch these especially brutal executions. If an inmate managed to survive the starvation diet, the accidents with machinery or the hangman\'s noose, there were still sadistic SS men waiting in the shadows. "Ironface" was one of the most dreaded of these murderers, an individual said to be able to kill even a healthy man with a single well-placed blow of his club.
More people were killed making rockets than by the rockets themselves. This was established in London. Less than 5,000 people were killed and 4,000 were injured. More than 20,000 died in Dora.
Dante\' inferno poem is the passive agitation against the
Topics Related to COMPASSION FOR THE SOULS WHO INHABIT HELL
Divine Comedy, Inferno, Hell, Ulysses, Dis, Dante Alighieri, Dantes Satan, Dante Alighieri and the Divine Comedy in popular culture
Essays Related to COMPASSION FOR THE SOULS WHO INHABIT HELL
The Illiad In Dante's InfernoThe Illiad In Dante\'s Inferno The Iliad in Dante’s Inferno Dante makes many references to Homer and the Iliad throughout the Inferno. The fates of favorite characters are described during the course of Dante’s travels. Beginning with his vision of Homer in Limbo, continuing through increasingly gory levels of Hell until Dante reaches the eighth bolgia where he meets Ulysses who is engulfed in fire. Dante’s infatuation with the Iliad is clearly illustrated in his DivineComedy. Dante introduces
TSEliot - The Hollow MenTSEliot - The Hollow Men T. S. Eliot The Hollow Men Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri of New England descent, on Sept. 26, 1888. He entered Harvard University in 1906, completed his courses in three years and earned a master’s degree the next year. After a year at the Sorbonne in Paris, he returned to Harvard. Further study led him to Merton College, Oxford, and he decided to stay in England. He worked first as a teacher and then in Lloyd’s Bank until 1925. Then he joined th
Epic WorksEpic Works February 21, 1997 Epic Works Epics by definition are long narrative poems, that are grand in both theme and style (Webster 417). They usually involve actions of great glory and are typically centered around historical or legendary events of universal significance. Most epics deal with the deeds of a single individual, however, it is not uncommon to have more than one main character. Epics embody several main features including: supernatural forces, sometimes the deity of the time, tha
Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian LawSocrate\'s First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between philosophy and politics. The problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics. The questioning of authoritative opinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy - the pursuit of wisdom. Socrates was the instigator of the conflict. While the political element takes place within opinions about political life, Socrates asks the question What is the
KingsKings Volume 1 : Inferno Cantos I - XI Canto I Halfway through his life, DANTE THE PILGRIM wakes to find himself lost in the dark wood. Terrified at being alone in so dismal a valley, he wanders until he comes to a hill bathed in sunlight, and his fear begins to leave him. But when he starts to climb the hill his path is blocked by three fierce beasts: first a LEOPARD, then a LION, and finally a SHE-WOLF. They fill him with fear and drive him back down to the sunless wood. At that moment the fig
DionysusDionysus Dionysus Winter squalls are drained out of the sky. The violet season of flowering spring smiles. The black earth glitters under green lawns. Swelling plants pop open with tiny petals. Meadows laugh and suck the morning dew, while the rose unfolds. The shepherd in the hills happily blows the top notes of his pipe. The gathered gloats over his white kids. Sailors race across the thrashing waves. Their canvas full of the harmless breeze. Drinkers acclaim the grape-giver Dionysus, capping
The Divine Comedy: DanteThe DivineComedy: Dante The character of Dante in The DivineComedy who descended into the inferno caused me to stop and think about this awful place. As the reader I got to take an imaginary journey with Dante to a horrible place where I do not care about going. While Dante descended into hell I plan on ascending into heaven someday. Dante had a choice to make whether or not to get back on the right path. It came down to heaven or hell - choose. I think it was willed for Dante to see this plac
Epic WorksEpic Works Epics by definition are long narrative poems, that are grand in both theme and style (Webster 417). They usually involve actions of great glory and are typically centered around historical or legendary events of universal significance. Most epics deal with the deeds of a single individual, however, it is not uncommon to have more than one main character. Epics embody several main features including: supernatural forces, sometimes the deity of the time, that shape the action; battles o
T. S. Eliot's The Hollow MenT. S. Eliot\'s The Hollow Men Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri of New England descent, on Sept. 26, 1888. He entered Harvard University in 1906, completed his courses in three years and earned a master\'s degree the next year. After a year at the Sorbonne in Paris, he returned to Harvard. Further study led him to Merton College, Oxford, and he decided to stay in England. He worked first as a teacher and then in Lloyd\'s Bank until 1925. Then he joined the London publishing
AllegoryAllegory ALLEGORY, pronounced AL uh gawr ee, is a story with more than one meaning. Most allegories have moral or religious meanings. Famous allegories include the fables attributed to Aesop, an ancient Greek writer. Aesop\'s fables seem to describe the adventures of animals and human beings. But the author actually wanted to teach his readers something about human nature. One of Aesop\'s best-known fables is The Fox and the Grapes. On its surface, or its literal level of meaning, the story te
Dante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent into MetaphoricaDante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent into Metaphorical Hell Abandon all hope, ye who enter here Only through a journey into hell can we hope to attain paradise... His Early Life: Dante Alighieri was born under the sign of Gemini, he was thought to be born on May 29, but this is not certain. He was born in Florence, the son of Alighiero II, his family was one of lower nobility. His mother died when he was a child and his father when he was eighteen. According to him, the most profound event in his
AQllegoryAQllegory ALLEGORY, pronounced AL uh gawr ee, is a story with more than one meaning. Most allegories have moral or religious meanings. Famous allegories include the fables attributed to Aesop, an ancient Greek writer. Aesop\'s fables seem to describe the adventures of animals and human beings. But the author actually wanted to teach his readers something about human nature. One of Aesop\'s best-known fables is The Fox and the Grapes. On its surface, or its literal level of meaning, the story t
Comparative Analysis Of Dante's Inferno And PurgatComparative Analysis Of Dante\'s Inferno And Purgatorio The DivineComedy (The Inferno and Purgatorio, in this matter) without Virgil would be like coffee without cream. Without Virgil, Dante would never have completed his journey. Without reason, Dante would never have the courage to go through his redemption. We meet Virgil in the Inferno just when Dante begins to lose all hope in going through that “shadowed forest.” Beatrice has appointed him to guide our hero through hell and then through P
Dante- A Poetic Descent Into Metaphorical HellDante- A Poetic Descent Into Metaphorical Hell Dante Alighieri: A Poetic Descent into Metaphorical Hell Abandon all hope, ye who enter here Only through a journey into hell can we hope to attain paradise... His Early Life: Dante Alighieri was born under the sign of Gemini, he was thought to be born on May 29, but this is not certain. He was born in Florence, the son of Alighiero II, his family was one of lower nobility. His mother died when he was a child and his father when he was eighteen. A
DanteDante The character of Dante in The DivineComedy who descended into the inferno caused me to stop and think about this awful place. As the reader I got to take an imaginary journey with Dante to a horrible place where I do not care about going. While Dante descended into hell I plan on ascending into heaven someday. Dante had a choice to make whether or not to get back on the right path. It came down to heaven or hell - choose. I think it was willed for Dante to see this place while he was stil
General Analysis Of John Irving's WorksGeneral Analysis Of John Irving\'s Works John Winslow Irving stands out as one of the finest contemporary American authors. Born in Exeter, New Hampshire in July 1942, Irving attended an Exeter prep school at which his stepfather taught history. Although he excelled at English, he was discouraged by the fact that he was dyslexic, a condition which wasn\'t recognized back then and so had trouble keeping up. An avid wrestler, he attended the University of New Hampshire on a wrestling scholarship.
The Divine ComedyThe DivineComedy Halfway through his life, the poet Dante finds himself wandering alone in a dark forest, having lost his way on the true path . He says that he does not remember how he lost his way, but he has wandered into a fearful place, a dark and tangled valley.. The sun shines down from a hilltop, and Dante attempts to climb toward the light. As he climbs, however, he encounters three angry beasts in succession—a leopard, a lion, and a she-wolf—which force him to turn back … The opening
The Life and Times of William Blake:The Life and Times of William Blake: A Look into the Man and his Art William Blake was both an artist and a poet during the Romantic Period in literature. He was a radical and a nonconformist. Knowledge of his life and history were vague during the times that he published his work, “yet between his death in 1827 and the appearance of the first biography in 1863, a body of memorabilia about Blake emerged which was to create for him a reputation as a unique genius” (Singer 2). Today, Blake is a wi
Divine JusticeDivine Justice Dante crafted his Commedia in such a manner as to encompass as many opposing yet intertwining disciplines as possible, thus allowing a variety of readers’ emotions to be aroused, while still pulling through his own beliefs shaped by his political experiences and belief in Christianity. Using his own established literary style, Dante explores the disciplines of theology, Christianity, paganism, ethics, philosophy, history, and art. He depicts a full array of life through each sinn
The Evolution of Greek TheaterThe Evolution of Greek Theater 1 One of the most famous things related to Ancient Greece is theater. No one is sure who personally started theater, but Greek theater began all theater in Europe and had major influences on plays performed today. Drama was performed for special occasions and as contests, with the playwright and actors winning prizes. Playwrights originally acted, but when contests began, they stopped. Actors were semi-professional and usually selected and paid by the state. The th
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein NasrA Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world\'s leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Pro
BEOWULFBEOWULF What can be known about a unique poem in a unique manuscript, dated around the year 1000 a.d.? What do we know about the circumstances of its composition? Is it literary, oral, or something in-between? What can we never know? Beowulf is both strange and familiar: it has some links with ancient classical poems like Homer\'s; 19thc ideas of it have been received and reworked in the course of the 20thc in academe, children\'s literature and adult popular culture; and yet it remains an ancie
Separation of Church and State in Dante’s PurgatorSeparation of Church and State in Dante’s Purgatorio The DivineComedy by Dante was written to be a guide for religious instruction. It explained religious teachings of the time in a story that was also entertaining, even though it was filled with moral lessons. Dante also used this work to express his comment on current events. Dante uses several allegorical figures in Purgatorio to express his comments on the need for the church to focus more on spiritual matters instead of concerning itself w
Divine ComedyDivineComedy Dante\'s DivineComedy is a moral comedy that is designed to make the readers think about their own morals. The poem could have been used almost as a guide for what and what not to do to get into Heaven for the medieval people. Dante takes the reader on a journey through the afterlife to imprint in the readers minds what could happen to them if they don\'t follow a Godlike life and to really make the reader think about where they will go when they die and where they would like to
The Middle AgesThe Middle Ages Scott Flanagan Period1, 12/17/96 Table of Contents Map of Middle Ages Europe.......................................................................................3 Map of Modern Europe...............................................................................................4 Charlemange’s Eulogy...............................................................................................5 Charlemange’s Empire.................................................................
Thomas HardyThomas Hardy Few things attract more attention than controversy, and no other author knows that better than Thomas Hardy. During the late 19th, and early 20th centuries, Hardy’s work shocked the public and threw the critics into an uproar. And yet, he managed to change the face of literature for the better. Mr. Hardy’s work was filled with controversial topics, and his influence is evident in many different aspects of literature. As the child of a professional stonemason, Thomas Hardy was taught
Dante's InfernoDante\'s Inferno Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages, was born in Florence, Italy on June 5, 1265. He was born to a middle-class Florentine family. At an early age he began to write poetry and became fascinated with lyrics. During his adolescence, Dante fell inlove with a beautiful girl named Beatrice Portinari. He saw her only twice but she provided much inspiration for his literary masterpieces. Her death at a young age left him grief-stricken. His first book, La Vita
PlatoPlato Michael A. Case For more time than artists would like to admit we have been fighting a man who haunts us from a grave long forgotten, and for just over 600 years we have paid great respect to a man whose marble tomb lies in Florence. Since the dawn of time people have passed on traditions and myths to teach us things in ways that capture our interest and make us want to pass those traditions on. It is those life lessons that we learn best when they are not being beaten into our heads with
The Religious Attacks Made By TartuffeThe Religious Attacks Made By Tartuffe Moliere (whose real name was Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) rocked the 17th century French world with his comedy Tartuffe in 1664. Although, religious factions kept the play banned from theatres from 1664-1669, Tartuffe emerged from the controversy as one of the all-time great comedies. Tartuffe is a convincing religious hypocrite. He is a parasite who is sucking Orgon, the rich trusting father, for all he is worth. Orgon does not realize that Tartuffe is a
Three Universal Deadly SinsThree Universal Deadly Sins Throughout history, mankind has looked back to the past, to seek the truth about morals, religion, and how they both impact and define civilization. Stories and myths from ancient Greece show overbearing resemblance to our own Bible as both shun the many temptations of our soul either by teaching the value of a characteristic or warning of the ill fruits reaped. Dante Alighieri revealed in his DivineComedy that Pride, Envy, and Avarice are the three sparks, [the t
SocratesSocrates Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between philosophy and politics. The problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics. The questioning of authoritative opinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy - the pursuit of wisdom. Socrates was the instigator of the conflict. While the political element takes place within opinions about political life, Socrates asks the question What is the best regime and how should I live?
William ShakespeareWilliam Shakespeare 13. Were the Elizabethans more bloodthirsty or tolerant of violence on stage than we are? In addition to the visible bloodletting, there is endless discussion of past gory deeds. Offstage violence is even brought into view in the form of a severed head. It\'s almost as though such over-exposure is designed to make it ordinary. At the same time, consider the basic topic of the play, the usurpation of the crown of England and its consequences. These are dramatic events. They ca
A History of the English Church and PeopleA History of the English Church and People Conversion of Edward of N. Umbria. Instructed in Christianity. Debate whether or not worship of Christianity is better than pagan. Burned temple down. Sparrow=how we spend life on earth, banquet hall before after is unknown=pagan religion Las Siete Partidas: Castilian Law Code Jewish life in Spanish kingdom of Castile in reign of Alfonso the Wise. A learned ruler interested in history, science, and the law. Conduct around Christians. Segregation with pr