Commonly Prescribed Drugs


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ContentsAcknowledgementsThe EditorsThe ContributorsForewordCh 1 - How to


Get the Care You NeedCh 2 - Meeting the Heatch Care Needs of the Aged


and DisabledCh 3 - Medical Decision Making: Ethical ConsiderationsCh 4 -


The Fundamentals of Good HealthCh 5 - The Basics of Good NutritionCh 6 -


Smoking, Alcohol, and Substance AbuseCh 7 - Health Concerns During


Infancy and ChildhoodCh 8 - The Adolescent YearsCh 9 - Special Health


Concerns of WomenCh 10 - Health Concerns of MenCh 11 - Symptoms and the


Diagnostic ProcessCh 12 - Diagnostic Tests and ProceduresCh 13 - Basics


of CPR and Life SupportCh 14 - Common First-Aid ProceduresCh 15 - The


Basics of SafetyCh 16 - Heart And Blood Vessel DiseasesCh 17 - CancerCh


18 - Infectious DiseaseCh 19 - HIV Infection and AIDSCh 20 - Respiratory


Diseases and Lung HealthCh 21 - Diabetes and Other Endocrine DiseasesCh


22 - Disorders of the Digestive SystemCh 23 - Blood DisordersCh 24 -


Disorders of the Musculoskeletal SystemsCh 25 - ArthritisCh 26 - Brain,


Nerve and Muscular DisordersCh 27 - Kidney and Urinary Track DisordersCh


28 - Skin DiseasesCh 29 - AllergiesCh 30 - The EyesCh 31 - Diseases of


the Ear, Nose and ThroatCh 32 - Maintaining Oral HealthCh 33 - Mental


and Emotional HealthCh 34 - Proper Use of MedicationsAppendixesA


Commonly Prescribed DrugsB Directory of Health Organizations and


ResourcesC Directory of Regional Poison Control CentersD Family Medical


Records (PDF Format)


Appendix A


COMMONLY PRESCRIBED DRUGS


ANALGESICS


Generic (Brand Names)Common Side EffectsDrug InteractionsPrecautions


NONNARCOTIC


acetaminophen


(aspirin-free Anacin, Bufferin AF, Excedrin, Feverall, Liquiprin, Midol,


Panadol, Percogesic, Phenaphen, aspirin-free St. Joseph, Tempra, Tylenol)


OTC Heavy drinking of alcohol may increase risk of liver damage.Not


recommended for use for more than 3 days for fever or 10 days for pain.


Overdose can cause liver failure; prolonged use can damage kidneys.


aspirin (Anacin, Ascriptin, Bayer, Bufferin, Empirin, St. Joseph) OTC


(Easprin) RxNausea/vomiting; indigestion; possible GI bleeding.May


increase effect of anticoagulants and oral antidiabetic agents. May


decrease effect of gout medications (especially allopurinol). Use with


NSAIDs, cortico-steroids, or alcohol increases risk of stomach irri


tation.Taking high doses during pregnancy may lead to birth defects. Taken


near term may delay labor. Breast-feeding not recommended. Prolonged use


can cause stomach bleeding and stomach ulcers.



NARCOTIC


butalbital, aspirin + caffeine (Fiorinal) C-III butalbital, acetaminophen


+ caffeine


(Esgie, Fioricet)Dizziness/light-headedness; intoxicated feeling;


drowsiness; nausea; abdominal painCNS depressants (i.e., narcotics,


tranquilizers, antianxiety) increase CNS depression. Use with MAO


inhibitors increases risk of CNS depression and may increase blood


pressure. Use with anticoagulants increases risk of bleeding. Us e with


oral antidiabetics/insulin


Increases risk of hypoglycemia. Use with NSAIDs increases risk of stomach


ulcer and stomach bleeding. Decreases effectiveness of gout medications


(i.e., probenecid,sulfinpyrazone).Use caution in elderly and if have head


injury, peptic ulcer, or liver/ kidney impairment. Use not recommended in


child less than 12 or when breast-feeding. Avoid driving or any other


activity requiring mental alertness or physical coordination. Drug d


ependence may


develop.


hydrocodone + ace-taminophen (Anexsia, Hydrocet, HyPhen, Lortab, Vicodin,


Zydone) C-III codeine + acetaminophen C-III, hydrocodone + aspirin


(Azdone, Lortab ASA) C-IIINausea/vomiting; light-headedness/dizziness;


sedation/drowsinessCNS depressants (other narcotics, sedatives, hypnotics,


antianxiety, antidepressants) and MAO inhibitors increase CNS depression.


Antinauseants alter hydrocodone\'s effect. Anticholinergic agents increase


risk of bowel disord ers. Avoid alcohol.Should not be used during


pregnancy or while breast-feeding. Use caution if elderly, have pulmonary


disease, liver/kidney impairment, hypothyroidism, Addison\'s disease, or


enlarged prostate. Drug dependence may develop. Avoid driving and other


potentia lly hazardous activities, as mental alertness and physical


coordination may be impaired.


ANALGESICS


Generic (Brand Names)Common Side EffectsDrug InteractionsPrecautions


oxycodone + ace-taminophen (Percocet, Roxicet, Roxicodone, Tylox) C-II


oxycodone + aspirin (Percodan)Light-headedness; dizziness; sedation;


nausea/vomitingCNS depressants increase CNS depression. Oxycodone


increases effect of tricyclic antidepressants and MAO inhibitors. Use with


anticholinergic agents increases risk of bowel obstruction. Avoid


alcohol.Use caution if elderly and if have severe kidney/liver impairment,


head injury, hypothyroidism, Addison\'s disease, or enlarged prostate. Not


for use in child under 6; use caution in child 6 or older. Drug dependence


may develop. Avoid driving and other potentially hazardous activities, as


mental alertness and physical coordination may be impaired.


propoxyphene (Darvocet-N, Darvon, Dolene, Doxaphene, Wygesic)


C-IVDizziness/drowsiness; nausea/vomiting; intoxicated feelingTricyclic


antidepressants, barbiturates, other CNS depressants, oral anticoagulants,


and