Cloning


Cloning is the process of creating a genetic Copy of an


individual. Since the February 1997 announcement of the birth of


a sheep cloned by Ian Wilmut, cloning research has increased


alot. Cloning humans has recently become much more of a


possibility in society than it was years ago. Scientists are on the


edge of a huge breakthrough in the field of human cloning, and society


must ask itself whether or not it should be allowed. Many arguments


can be made for and against human cloning, but since it is unethical


and would take away individuality and disrupt social values, the


practice of cloning humans is one that government should ban and


society should not accept.


People who are for human cloning may argue that it is just a logical


and inevitable advance in science research and technology. It is,


however, too risky for human subjects. At the present time, the


general vote of the public is against human cloning.


(Fitzgerald 37) Within a few years\' time, however, the medical


possibilities of human cloning may be attractive enough to change


public opinion. Research on human cloning would involve huge


risks for the initial clones, because any experiments in human


cloning would eventually have to be carried out on human beings.


Human cloning is unethical because the risks of this practice greatly


outweigh the benefits. The technique that produced Dolly the sheep was


successful in only 1 of 277 attempts. If this technique were attempted


in humans, it would risk miscarriages in the mother and severe


developmental problems in the child. Standard medical practice would


never allow the use of any drug or device with such little study and


without more additional animal research. (National Bioethics Advisory


Commission) The actual risks of physical harm to the cloned child


cannot be predicted without conducting experiments on human beings. This


in itself is unacceptable because no one knows what will happen and the


child is in danger because "one does not know what is going to happen,


and one is^possibly leading to a child who could be disabled and have


developmental difficulties." (Professor John Robertson)<<<<<<>>>>>


Human cloning would violate a person\'s individuality and take away


a child\'s identity. Cloned children would see themselves not as a


person, but as an object that their parents could discard because


of imperfection. A family is no longer a genuine family.


Children should be valued for who they are, not according to how


closely thy meet their parents\' expectations. If a child were


cloned, his life would already have been lived by another human


being. Suppose a boy is cloned from a grandparent. The cloned


child knows too much about himself because another person in the


world is exactly like him. It is unfair for the earlier "twin" to


determine the child\'s life in this way. Imagine a world in which


cloning is permitted and practiced. If people are able to pick


and choose the human traits that they find desirable, it could


very possibly lead to feelings of superiority that are often


linked with racial injustice. (NBAC) This "genetic selection"


was practiced by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party and the world saw


the horrible effects of his desire to improve nature. Human


cloning poses a huge risk to society and nature. It is unethical and


unacceptable, inappropriate and intolerable. Society should not reduce


itself to cloning of humans for its own benefit. Cloning would produce


many more problems than improvements. The course of life should be left


up to nature, the way it has been since the beginning of time.