Classical Period of Greece


The classical period of Greece produced some of the most beautiful sculptures in the world. One of those sculptures is the marble statue of a wounded Amazon, which is a Roman copy of the Greek original that dates from 450-25 BCE. Most of the sculptures from the classical period were Roman copies because the Greek originals were lost. There are a lot of features that convey that the wounded Amazon is a classical sculpture.


The statue of the wounded Amazon looks more realistic and live. This sense of reality and life was a characteristic of the sculptures of the Classical period. The skin texture of the statue conveys this life-likeness of the sculpture. It makes one think that he is seeing a real human body in front of him. Moreover, the contrapposto standing that the Amazon stands conveys the idea of flexibility and that the sculpture is moving. During the classical period the sculptors wanted to make their sculptures more like a human. The leaning of the statue on the pillar on her left gives the expression that she is resting and taking a breath. The sculpture of the wounded Amazon holds a pose that indicates that she is tired. The calmness of her pose and the emotional restrain in her facial expression convey the idea of the classical period. Despite her plight, the Amazon’s face shows a little sense of pain and fatigue.


In the archaic period Greeks used to sculpt only domestic people. However, the Hellenistic period this was not the case. In the classical period sculptors started to sculpt foreigners. The Amazon was not a Greek woman. She was a barbarian from Asia minor. This proves that the Amazon is a classical sculpture. By looking at the sculpture, one can notice that the Amazon was a women warrior. What prove this are the wounds that are under her right breast and in the back of her left shoulder. The Amazon’s drapery looks transparent; the sculpture was carved in a way that made the distinction of her body and her drapery. So, although she wears drapery, one still can see her body clearly beneath her thin drapery. This was one of the characteristics of the Classical style. The drapery is folded around her waist and it is loose and unfastened from the left side. This explains that she had a fight or a conflict with someone. The Amazon’s head is tilting to the right side and she is resting her right arm on her head this conveys the illusion of the flexibility and the interaction of the different parts of the sculpture’s body which is another feature of the Classical style. Her eyes are looking at something far, which gives the sense that she is thinking and wondering.


The Amazon is a classical sculpture. The physical structure of her as well as the mood expressions proves this fact. Moreover, the freedom of movement, the fluidity of the body, and the lifelikeness of the sculpture is conveying that the statue of the wounded Amazon is a classical sculpture. In addition to that the pose of the contapposto is sign that the statue is from the classical period.