Civics Project


Political!—U.S. Herbert H.thought the depression was caused by problems, not the U.S. economy these problems were beyond the US control.He also believed they key to recovery was confidence in the economy.Factories and businesses tried to do this,but even as they shut down Hoover continued to insist that recovery was on its way.He thought keeping worker’s wages would b another way 2 get out of the G.D. but many businesses lowered the wages.Many ppl thought Hoover’s passive attitude was the cause of the Depression.Hoover finally began 2 act.the gov., in a effort 2 create more jobs,built new public buildings,roads,parks,and dams.Hoover’s efforts were not effective enough.He wanted the state and local govts.2 handle recovery , but unfortunately, their programs never had enough money.After much dissaproval, Hoover finally budged. He allowed state funds to provide relief for the unemployed. But this effort came too late. Franklin Delano Roosevelt(1882-1945)32nd pres.-FDR became pres. In March !933 @ the depth of the G.D., was reelected 4 an unprecedented 3 more terms,and died in office in April 1945, less than a month b-4 the surrender of Germany in WWII. He had an attack of poliomyelitis (Polio), which paralyzed his legs in 1921.1 of U.S’s most controversial leaders.Conservatives claimed that he underminded states’ rights and individual liberty.Leftists found him timid and conventional in attakin the G.D. Others thought him devious and inconsistent and uninformed about economics.In 1939 and 1940 prosperity returned.In attackin the G.D. he did much 2 develop a partial welfare state in the US and 2 make the federal govt. an agent of social and economic reform.1932 campaign:During the fall campaign against Pres. Hoover, and Norman Thomas, FDR suggested a few parts of his “New Deal”. He supported spending for relief and public works and etc. ON election day FDR took 22,829,501 popular votes opposed to Hoover’s 15,760,684 and Thomas’s 884,649. The electoral votes were as follows: FDR:472 H.H:59. Norman Thomas got none.Norman Thomas’s views: he supported min. wage, the end of Chid Labor,unemployment insurance, and a shorter work week.Germany—Paul von Hindenburg’s views:He iz known in history mostly 4 2 achievements: being Imperial Germany’s “Iron Hero” of WWI, and 4 bein’ the 1st man to rule Germany by Democratic vote. In April 1925, after the death of Friedrich Ebert, Hindenburg was elected the republic\'s second president, despite his professed monarchism. He adhered, if not to the spirit, then at least to the letter of the republican constitution. Yet his personal confidants, among them especially Maj. Gen. Kurt von Schleicher, longed for a new authoritarian regime and urged him to use his prestige and render the government more independent of parliamentary controls. Though tired of the frequent Cabinet crises, Hindenburg, fearful of any unconstitutional action and of added responsibilities, procrastinated. Increasingly feeble, moody, and influenced by his military and landowning friends, the Marshal forced the government to spend huge amounts on the army and navy and hopelessly indebted estates at the expense of unemployment relief and other imperative needs. When Hindenburg\'s presidential term expired in April 1932, he ran again for the presidency as the only candidate who could defeat Hitler. He was reelected but mainly by the support of Brüning\'s Catholic Center Party and the Social Democrats, rather than the conservative nationalist circles, to whom he felt closest and who now supported Hitler. Those who did vote for him clung to him as a bulwark against Nazi lawlessness and brutality. Yet the President\'s confidants considered the Nazis a useful, if unpleasant, movement with whom they were sure they could come to terms. They saw in Brüning an obstacle to such an accommodation and persuaded the Marshal to dismiss the Chancellor, who had just helped to reelect him. Hindenburg was assured by Papen that Hitler could easily be controlled. Hindenburg, frustrated and tired, asked for his resignation. On Jan. 30, 1933, Hindenburg appointed Hitler chancellor of a new Cabinet.2 other ppl: Ernest Thalmann & Theodor Duesterburg. Hitler’s Views: "One works best when alone." This adage, commonly attributed to Hitler, perfectly sums up his views of democracy and parliamentary-style government. He believed that individuals operating in a democracy are not brought to their fullest potential due to the ultimatums and compromises (both in principle and practice) Adolf Hitler’s views can best be described in the book he wrote when he was 39