Chapter 20: The New Frontier and the Great Society:


Pg: 671: A: I think that the effect that the televised debate would have on politics would be that it brought a new image to politics, and now political members were going to be shown on television rather than just on print, as through television one can actually see what a politician is about.


Pg: 672: B: The goal of the doctrine of flexible response was to create a stronger military that would give the president more options in international crises. This would also enable the United States to fight limited wars around the world, while also maintaining a nuclear balance of power with the Soviet Union.


Pg: 673: C: I think that Kennedy authorized the Bay of Pigs invasion as he had just come into office and the operation had already started. He decided to invade Cuba in order to overthrow Castro for becoming a dictator in Cuba. They thought that the invasion would trigger a mass uprising against Castro that would overthrow him.


Pg: 673: D: The consequences of the failed invasion for the United States was that Kennedy was left embarrassed and that he negotiated with Castro for the release of surviving commandos and ultimately paid a ransom of fifty three million dollars in food and medical supplies.


Pg: 674: Geo Skill: A missile launched from Cuba would take around thirteen and a half minutes to reach New York. The range of the naval quarantine around Cuba was Kennedy’s attempts in blocking Soviet ships from reaching within 500 miles of the island.


Pg: 675: E: The results of the Cuban missile crisis were that many Cuban exiles blamed the Democrats for “losing Cuba” and switched their allegiance to the GOP. Castro closed Cuba’s doors to the exiles in November 1962 by banning all fights to and from Miami. In 1965 he opened the doors and hundreds of thousands of people took advantage of an agreement that allowed Cubans to join relatives in the United States. In 1973 the Cuban population n Miami had increased to about 200, 000.


Pg: 676: F: The thing that led East Germany to erect the Berlin Wall was when Kennedy to give up U.S. access to West Berlin. The effects of the wall were that it ended the Berlin crisis but further aggravated Cold War tensions. The wall reduced the flow of East German refugees to a tiny trickle, thus solving Khrushchev’s main problem. At the same time, however, the wall became a symbol of Communist oppression.


Pg: 676: 2: Summarizing:



o Event: Kennedy- Nixon Debate.
Outcome: a) Kennedy’s strong performance gave him a boost in the polls, and he began to attract large and enthusiastic crowds on his campaign stops.


b) His success in debate also launched a new era in American politics, the television age.



o Event: Bay of Pigs Invasion:
Outcome: a) Kennedy was left embarrassed and the U.S. had lost Cuba.


b) Kennedy negotiated with Castro for the release of surviving commandos and ultimately paid a ransom of fifty three million dollars in food and medical supplies.



o Event: Cuban Missile Crisis:
Outcome: a) Cuban exiles blamed the Democrats for “losing Cuba” and switched their allegiance to the GOP.


b) Castro closed Cuba’s doors to the exiles in November 1962 by banning all fights to and from Miami. In 1965 he opened the doors and hundreds of thousands of people took advantage of an agreement that allowed Cubans to join relatives in the United States. In 1973 the Cuban population n Miami had increased to about 200, 000.



o Event: Berlin Wall:
Outcome: a) It ended the Berlin crisis but further aggravated Cold War tensions.


b) The wall reduced the flow of East German refugees to a tiny trickle, thus solving Khrushchev’s main problem. At the same time, however, the wall became a symbol of Communist oppression.


Pg: 679: B: Kennedy had difficulty fulfilling many of his New Frontier proposals because he lacked a popular mandate which was a clear indication that the voters approved of his plans. Thus he felt that it was in his best interest politically to play it safe.


Pg: 680: Skill builder: In the year 1966 the federal government spent the most money on the space race. The