CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR





The South which was know as the Confederate States of America seceded from the North, which was also know as the Union. The reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two. The North and South had between them deep economic, social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an independent nation. There were many reasons why the South wanted to succeed but the main reason had to do with the North’s view on slavery. All of these issues were basically a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides. In the end all of these disagreement on both sides led to the Civil War, in which the North won.


Some of the other reason other than slavery issue, that the South disagreed on and that persuaded them to succeed the Union. The Northern states favored a loose interpretation of the United States Constitution. The North wanted to grant the federal government increased powers. The South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the individual states. The North wanted internal improvements sponsored by the federal government. This was to add more roads, railroads and canals.


The main reason for the South’s secession was the Slavery issue. People in the South used all kinds of reasons to sanction slavery. Many of them could not understand why the people in the North wanted slavery abolished.


Southerners wanted to expand the use of slavery when new territories were acquired. In 1848 the Union acquired a huge piece of territory from Mexico. This opened up new opportunities for the spread of slavery.


The last main conflict that led to succession was during the presidential election of 1860. The newly formed Republican party, nominated Abraham Lincoln on principles that opposed the further expansion of slavery. The Southerners hoped the threat of succession would force acceptance of Southern demands, but it did not. The existence of slavery was the central element of the conflict between the North and South. The only way to avoid the war was to abolish slavery. The abolishment of slavery wasn’t accomplished because slavery kept the South running. Because slavery formed to opposing societies and slavery could not be abolished the Civil War was inevitable. The North and South had totally opposing views.