Buffalo Bill

William Frederick Cody, also known as Buffalo Bill, was born into an
anti-slavery family. He had a rough childhood, but despite this hardship he
grew up to be an adventurous wild west showman, and achieve many historical
On February 26, 1846, near the small town of LeClair, Iowa, William F.
Cody was born to Isacc and Marry Ann Cody. At the time William had two sisters,
Martha and Julia, and a brother, Samuel. But he ended up with three more sisters,
Eliza, Helen, and May, and another brother, Charlie. In the first eight years of
his childhood, William grew up on a farm his father owned and worked. During
this time, William had plenty of space on the Plains to play with his brother
Sam and his black dog, Turk. William also had some young Indian friends he met
while on a picnic with his sisters. The Indians were trying to steal the Cody\'s
lunch, but Bill stopped them and became friends with them. Besides picnics,
young Will also enjoyed riding horses, having pretend Indian fights with Sam,
and hunting in the woods. Sadly, Samuel died when he was thrown from his horse.
Because of this, William not only lost a brother but he lost a very good friend.
In 1854 William, along with his anti-slavery family, moved near the city
of Leavenworth, Kansas. This was not an easy move for the Cody family seeing
how most of that part of Kansas was pro slavery. They were worried about this
because earlier in Iowa a dispute about slavery between Isacc and his brother
Elijah, led to Elijah stabbing Isacc. Luckily, he survived and nothing like
this happened in Kansas. While in Iowa, Bill had received no education. After
moving to Kansas he attended several sessions of country school organized by his
father. In the two and a half months he attended, Bill learned to read and write
which would help him in his future careers.
In order to help his family after his father\'s death in 1857, William
took his first job working for the firm, Russel Majors & Waddel, making wagon-
train trips across the Plains. It was rough, but William enjoyed these frequent
trips. Later, Will road for the Pony Express when it was established in 1860,
and was a scout and guide for the Union Army.
When the Civil War started in 1863, Bill Cody enlisted in the 7th Kansas
Cavalry as an army scout in Indian campaigns. In 1866, after the war was over,
Bill bought and ran a hotel in Kansas called the "Golden Rule House Hotel".
After this failed, Bill contracted with the Kansas Pacific Railroad, in
1867-1868, to furnish buffalo meat to the workers on the line. This earned him
his nickname, Buffalo Bill.
In 1868-1872, Buffalo Bill served again as an army scout when he was
elected to the Nebraska legislature. In 1872, after carrying dispatches through
hostile Indian country for Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, he became chief of scouts
for the 5th U.S. Cavalry for four years until 1876. During this eight year
period, Buffalo Bill took place in sixteen Indian fights, including the defeat
of the Cheyenne at Summit Springs, Colorado (1869), and at Hat Creek, Wyoming in
1876, he was famed for his "Killing of Yellow Hand". Also during this time, in
1869, Ned Buntline (E. Z. C. Judson) made Buffalo Bill the hero of a dime novel
that was later dramatized, and in 1872 he persuaded Cody to appear on stage.
Cody broke with Buntline after a year, but remained an actor for eleven seasons.
Cody made his first and most authentic autobiography in 1879. He was also the
author of dime novels, as well as the hero of some 1,700 of these publications,
most of them written by Prentiss Ingraham.
In 1883, Buffalo Bill was so inspired by the success at a July 4th
celebration at North Platte, Nebraska, that he organized Buffalo Bill\'s Wild
West Show. This was an outdoor wild west show that dramatized the contemporary
western scene with staged Indian fights, round-ups, stage robberies and buffalo
hunts. Buffalo Bill also introduced such stars as Buck Talor, "King of the
Cowboys", the first cowboy hero; Annie Oakley, "Little Sure Shot"; Johnny Baker,
"The Cowboy Kid"; and for one season Sitting Bull. The shows acts included the
Pony Express, the attack on the Deadwood Stagecoach, the "Rough Riders of the
World", the roping, the bucking broncos, and the "Cowboy Fun", that developed
into the rodeo. Cody remained with the show for almost twenty years. Showing
in 1887 for Queen Victoria\'s Jubilee made it an International success and