Britain and the Early Colonies

Britain had a new policy when it came to it\'s colonies. All
they had to do was inforce the laws they already had, not
make new ones. George Greenville, Britains Prime Minister
from 1763 to 1765, didn\'t realize this. To raise money for
Britain after the expensive French and Indian war, they
decided to tighten control on the colonies The Proclamation
of 1763 was the first of five laws passed to accomplish this
new goal. This "proclamation" reserved lands west of the
Appalachian Mtns. for use of the Indians. The frontiersmen
were the first to get angry at the new land law because they
wanted to settle in the unexplored west. Then in 1764 the
British parliament passed the Colonial Currency Act. This
act took away the right of any colony to issue its own paper
money. This lead to increased poverty and hardship after the
French and Indian war. The people opposed it because if
more money was in circulation the economy would of been
better. The Sugar Act in 1764, put a tax on sugar, molasses,
wines, and other foreign products. This upset one Samuel
Adams. After having lived in the colonies some years and
being a successful merchant, He felt that the law was
particularly unfair for merchants, as they were the most
taxed. This also increased fear among the colonists that they
would lose the right to determine taxes among their own
colonies. Later in the next year of 1765, the Stamp Act was
decreed. Special stamps were now required on newspapers,
playing cards, business papers, and other legal documents.
This law hurt the common man, but most the wealthy. John
Adams, a well respected Virginian, wrote a partition to the
king of Britain to repeal the act. Daniel Dulainy led protest
with the people using effigies and all. They were afraid that
there would be an increase of external taxes and the colonies
would lose the right of thier own taxation. The Quartering
Act in 1765, colonists had to give British troops places to
live, some supplies, and part of their salaries. The New York
assembly opposed this because it was an infringement on the
rights of "British Citizens" and represented a removal of
colonial self government. It is now apparent with these new
laws the citizens of the 13 colonies felt violated and used.
They did not feel they were properly represented in
parliament nor that the king should have any right to oppose
restrictions on them each time a new law was passed, more
resentment and anger would increase thus was born the
American Revolution.

Category: History